- Great Malvern Priory
Great Malvern Priory
Great Malvern Priory
Country United Kingdom Denomination Church of England Churchmanship Broad Church Website www.greatmalvernpriory.org.uk History Dedication Saint Mary and Saint Michael Administration Parish Malvern Diocese Worcester Province Canterbury Clergy Vicar(s) The Revd John Barr Curate(s) The Revd Dr Mary Barr Laity Organist/Director of music David Iliff
An ancient carved head and shoulders similar to the Lustymore Island figure on Boa Island, County Fermanagh was excavated from the grounds of the Priory. It is now housed in St Ann's Chapel. A Celt (a prehistoric axe-like tool) was also excavated during the 18th Century.
During the reign of Edward the Confessor, Saint Wulfstan, the Bishop of Worcester, encouraged a hermit named Aldwyn to found a monastery in what was then the wilderness of Malvern Chase. According to the Worcester Monastic Annals this work began in 1085.
Philosophus bonus dignus Astrologus lotharingus, Vir pius et humilis, Monachus prior hujus ovilis Hic jacet in cista Geometricus et Abacista, Doctor Walcherus. Flet plebs, dolet undique clerus. Huic lux prima mori Dedit Octobris seniori; Vivat ut in coelis Exoret quisque fidelis. MCXXXV.
A good philosopher, a worthy Astrologer of Lorraine, A pious and humble man, the prior monk of this fold, Here lies in a casket, a geometer skilled in the abacus, Doctor Walcher. The people weeps, the cleric grieves everywhere. To him, our elder, the first day of October brought death; That he should live in heaven may every faithful soul pray. 1135.
The Priory was built for thirty monks on land belonging to Westminster Abbey. A charter from Henry I in 1128 AD refers to Great Malvern Priory as 'the Priory of St. Mary'. In 1154–1156, Westminster Abbey obtained a Papal bull from Pope Adrian IV which confirms a strong dependency of the priory of St Mary, Malvern, on the Abbey of Westminster.
An 18th century document in the Worcester County Record Office states that in the 18th year of King William's reign (1083?), the priory was dedicated to St Mary the Virgin. Within the 'Victorian History of the Counties of England: A History of Worcester', edited by W. Page, there is an account of the foundation of the monastery in Bishop Guilford's Register of 1283. It describes how hermit Aldwyn petitioned Urse d'Abetot, the Earl of Gloucester, for the original site (of the Priory) in the wood, and land "as far as Baldeyate"; that he collected monks, and adopted the Rule of St. Benedict; dedicating the monastery to the Virgin Mary - but occasionally under patronage of both St. Mary & St. Michael.
The present building dates from 1085, with mainly 15th century structure, floor, and wall tiles. Extensions to the original Norman architecture church began around 1440 in the Perpendicular style and work continued until 1502. The great square central tower is very similar to that of the nearby Gloucester Cathedral; it was built by the same masons. It was redesigned in Perpendicular style by Sir Reginald Bray) and has a very plain interior. The chancel is also Perpendicular in style, and contains the monument of John Knotsford (died 1589), a participant in the dissolution of the former monastic foundation. It is largely thanks to his patronage that the church, and particularly its medieval glass, survived so well.
The fine collection of stained glass ranges from medieval to modern, and includes 15th century and 19th century windows. The north transept window, depicting the Coronation of St. Mary, was a gift from Henry VII in 1501, and another from the Duke of Gloucester, later Richard III. A careful restoration was carried out in 1860 under the direction of Sir George Gilbert Scott, the famous architect, who also designed the roof of the nave in imitation of the medieval original.
The church has around 500 on the parochial council electoral roll. Services are a mixture of traditional elements with some modern elements. The choir is well established. There are several active groups for children and young people. The church sponsors several "Mission Partners".
The current incumbents are the Vicar of Malvern, Rev. John Barr, and his wife Rev. Dr. Mary Barr. A past incumbent was the Christian writer Anthony C. Deane.
The organ is by Nicholson of Malvern from 1879, but was heavily rebuilt and restored by Rushworth and Dreaper in 1927 and 1977. It was further overhauled by Nicholson in 2003 and is a Certified Historic Organ. The specification of the organ is listed at the National Pipe Organ Register.
- 1818 John Southall
- 1836 William Reeves
- 1840 Mrs William Walker
- 1843 Thomas Bissell
- 1843 George Norman
- 1847 John Boulcott
- 1847 Alfred Wheeler
- 1850 William Haynes
- 1893 Allan Pattison (formerly organist of St. Michael's College, Tenbury)
- 1895 Charles de Sousa
- 1899 Alban Claughton
- 1904 Frederic Wadely
- 1910 Louis Hamand
- 1946 John Durham Holl
- 1973 Harold Hullah
- 1977 Richard Dacey
- 1980 Graham Davies
- 1983 Tony Hemson
- 1984 David Cooper
- 1996 Nicholas Woods
- 1999 Nigel McClintock
- 2000 Andrew Wilson
- 2006 Martyn Lane
- 2008 David Iliff
The twenty-two 15th century misericords and twelve 19th century misericords are divided into three subsets: a modern set that do not seem to follow a pattern, depictions of mythical beasts and representations of the "Labours of the months". It appears that some of the modern misericords replaced 5 of the labours, but this is still a useful record.
It is possible that the same person who carved the misericords at Worcester Cathedral and Ripple St Mary, was responsible for the 15th century misericords, as they bear more than a family resemblance.
Labours of the Month
- NH-02 Swine-heard, dressed in the usual flat cap, doublet and hose, and pointed shoes, knocking down acorns. Representing October.
- NH-06 Man with bag fastened to a strap over his shoulders with a seed container on his left. He is a seed-sower and represents March.
- NB-01 Man seated at a table holding up a wine cup in each hand. Probably representing January.
- NB-02 Man reaping or weeding. In his hands he holds two implements to tend the corn. Possibly representing April, June or August.
- NB-04 Man with a scythe. Representing June.
- NB-05 Smiling man carrying a bunch of grapes in his left hand and a basket in his right. Representing September.
- SB-06 Man holding a large bunch of flowers in each hand. Representing May.
- Rev. H. Card (1834), A Dissertation on the Antiquities of the Priory of Great Malvern, in Worcestershire, London: J.G. & F. Rivington, http://www.archive.org/stream/dissertationonan00card#page/n6/mode/1up, retrieved 15 July 2010
- Chambers, John (1817), A General History of Malvern, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, http://www.archive.org/details/ageneralhistory02chamgoog, retrieved 4 January 2010 Also published in 2008 by Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1436728525
- Rev. Anthony Charles Deane (1914), A Short Account of Great Malvern Priory Church, A History of the Monastery, and Description of the Fabric, with a Chapter on the Ancient Glass & Tiles, London: G. Bell & Sons, http://www.archive.org/stream/shortaccountofgr00dean#page/n7/mode/2up, retrieved 15 July 2010
- James Nott (1885), Some of the Antiquities of Moche Malverne (Great Malvern), including A History of the Ancient CHURCH and MONASTERY, Engravings of SEALS of the Convent, and the Publication of GRANTS and DOCUMENTS, and much other matter never before printed, Malvern: John Thompson, Church St.; Woods & Co., The Royal Library, http://www.archive.org/stream/someofantiquitie00anotuoft#page/n5/mode/2up, retrieved 15 July 2010 (Note: this is the full title and sub-title of the book as found on the title page, displayed here to give a sense of the writing style while still being readable).
- Louis Arthur Hamand, The Ancient Windows of Great Malvern Priory Church, Campfield Press, St. Albans, 1947.
- Gordon McNeil Rushforth, Medieval Christian Imagery as Illustrated by the Painted Windows of Great Malvern Priory Church Worcestershire, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1947.
- Heather Gilderdale Scott, Lay figures in sacred spaces: the 15th-century 'donor figures' at Great Malvern Priory, Worcestershire, The Journal of Stained Glass, 29, 12-23, 2005.
- ^ Garrard, Rose (2010) A Malvern Treasury Garrard Art Publications ISBN 9781905795567
- ^ a b c Wells, Katherine (2009) Tour of Great Malvern Priory p.2., Friends of Great Malvern Priory ISBN 0951029444
- ^ Dolan, John Gilbert (1910).New Advent Malvern in the Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- ^ Great Malvern Priory: Prior Walcher of Lorraine Retrieved 22 September 2011
- ^ Wells, Katherine (2009) Tour of Great Malvern Priory p.3., Friends of Great Malvern Priory ISBN 0951029444
- ^ Historic Organ Certificates Retrieved 3 August 2011
- ^ National Pipe Organ Register: Great Malvern Priory Retrieved 3 August 2011
- Great Malvern Priory
- Catalogue of Stained Glass
- Sacred Destinations - Malvern Priory
- The Unofficial Worcester Cathedral Voluntary Choir Website
Benedictine abbeys and priories in medieval England and Wales Independent houses
Abergavenny · Abbotsbury · Abingdon · Alcester · Athelney · Bardney · Bath · Battle · Bedford · Birkenhead · Bradwell · Buckfast · Burton · Bury St Edmunds · Canterbury (Christ Church) · Canterbury (St Augustine's) · Canwell · Cerne · Chertsey · Chester · Cholsey · Colchester · Coventry · Crowland · Durham · Ely · Evesham · Eynsham · Faversham · Glastonbury · Gloucester · Humberston · Luffield · Malmesbury · Milton · Monk Bretton · Muchelney · Mullicourt · Norwich (Holy Trinity) · Pershore · Peterborough · Ramsey · Reading · Rochester · St Albans · St Benet of Hulme · Sandwell · Selby · Sherborne · Shrewsbury · Snelshall · Tavistock · Tewkesbury · Thorney · Upholland · Walden · Westminster · Whitby · Winchcombe · Winchester (New Minister) · Winchester (St Swithun) · Worcester · York (St Mary's)
Aldeby · Alkborough · Alcester · Alvecote · Beadlow · Bedemans Berg · Belvoir · Binham · Brecon · Bristol · Bromfield · Cardiff · Cardigan · Cranborne · Darenth · Deeping · Dover · Dunster · Earls Colne · Ewenny · Ewyas Harold · Exeter · Farne · Felixstowe · Finchale · Freiston · Great Malvern · Hatfield Peverel · Henes (Sandtoft) · Hereford · Hertford · Holy Island · Horton · Hoxne · Hurley · Jarrow · Kidwelly · Kilpeck · Kings Lynn · Lamanna · Leominster · Leonard Stanley · Lincoln · Little Malvern · Littlemore · Lytham · Middlesbrough · Monkwearmouth · Morville · Norwich (St Leonard) · Oxford (of Canterbury) · Oxford (of Durham) · Oxford (of Gloucester) · Penwortham · Pilton · Redbourn · Richmond · Rumsburgh · St Bees · St Ives · Scilly · Snaith · Snape · Stamford · Studley · Sudbury · Tickhill · Tynemouth · Wallingford · Westbury-on-Trym · Wetheral · Wymondham · Yarmouth
Allerton Mauleverer · Andover · Andwell · Appuldurcombe · Arundel · Astley · Aston Priors · Atherington · Avebury · Axmouth · Blyth · Boxgrove · Brimpsfield · Burstall · Burwell · Caldy · Carisbrooke · Chepstow · Clatford · Cogges · Corsham · Covenham · Cowick · Creeting · Debden · Deerhurst · Dunwich · Ecclesfield · Edith Weston · Ellingham · Everdon · Eye · Folkestone · Frampton · Goldcliff · Grovebury · Hamble · Harmondsworth · Hatfield Regis · Haugham · Hayling · Headley · Hinckley · Holbeck · Horsham St Faith · Horsley · Lancaster · Lapley · Lewisham · Linton (or Isleham) · Livers Ocle · Llangennith · Llangua · Loders · Minster · Minster Lovell · Minting · Modbury · Monks Kirkby · Monk Sherbourne · Monmouth · Newent · Ogbourne St George · Otterton · Panfield · Pembroke · Pill · Ruislip · Runcton · St Cross · St Dogmells · St Michael's Mount · St Neots · Sele · Spalding · Sporle · Standon · Steventon · Stogursey · Stoke-by-Clare · Stratfied Saye · Swavesey · Takeley · Throwley · Tickford · Titley · Toft Monks · Totnes · Tutbury · Tywardreath · Upavon · Ware · Wareham · Warminghurst · Warmington · Wath · Weedon Beck · Weedon Lois · West Mersea · Wilsford · Wing · Winghale · Wolston · Wootton Wawen · York (Holy Trinity)
Members of the Greater Churches Group
Bath Abbey · Beverley Minster · Bolton Abbey · Church of St Mary the Great, Cambridge · Christchurch Priory · St George's Minster, Doncaster · Halifax Minster · Hexham Abbey · Holy Trinity Church, Hull · Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon · Kendal Parish Church · Lancaster Priory · Leeds Parish Church · Malvern Priory · Romsey Abbey · Rotherham Minster · St Botolph with St Christopher, Boston · St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury · St Laurence Church, Ludlow · St Martin in the Bull Ring · St Mary's Church, Nottingham · St Mary Magdalene, Newark-on-Trent · St Mary Redcliffe · Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick · St Wulfram's Church, Grantham · St Peter Mancroft · Selby Abbey · Sherborne Abbey · Sunderland Minster · Tewkesbury Abbey · Wimborne Minster
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Great Malvern — Blick über Great Malvern Koordinaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Great Malvern — This article relates to the town centre of Malvern. For in depth treatment see Malvern, Worcestershire. Coordinates: 52°07′N 2°20′W / 52.11°N 2.33°W / … Wikipedia
Great Malvern — Vue sur Great Malvern au soleil couchant … Wikipédia en Français
Great Malvern — ▪ England, United Kingdom also known as Malvern town, Malvern Hills district, administrative and historic county of Worcestershire, England. Great Malvern was formerly the largest of several villages and hamlets on the eastern slopes of… … Universalium
Malvern, Worcestershire — Coordinates: 52°06′29″N 2°19′30″W / 52.108°N 2.325°W / 52.108; 2.325 … Wikipedia
Malvern Museum — Coordinates: 52°06′38″N 2°19′46″W / 52.11049°N 2.32952°W / 52.11049; 2.32952 … Wikipedia
Malvern — • Located in Worcestershire, England, a district covered by a lofty range between the Severn and Wye, known as the Malvern Hills. On its eastern side were formerly two houses of Benedictine monks, the priories of Great and Little Malvern Catholic … Catholic encyclopedia
Malvern Hills — For the local government district in Worcestershire, see Malvern Hills (district). Malvern Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Malvern Hills in J … Wikipedia
Walcher of Malvern — Walcher of Malvern, also known as Walcher of Lorraine or Doctor Walcher, was the second Prior of Malvern (in the UK, but back then in England) and a noted astrologer astronomer and mathematician. Walcher was from Lotharingia and came to what was… … Wikipedia
North Hill, Malvern — North Hill North Hill from Great Malvern Priory Elev … Wikipedia