- United Nations Secretary-General selection, 2006
An election was held in 2006 to succeed
Kofi Annan, whose second term as Secretary-General of the United Nationsexpired on 31 December 2006. Seven candidates were officially nominated for the position.
United Nations Security Councilconducted a series of unofficial straw polls between 24 Julyand 2 October. South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moonemerged as the front-runner, and the only candidate with the support of all five permanent members of the Security Council, each of whom has the power to vetocandidates. Following the final straw poll, all the candidates withdrew except for Ban. The Security Council conducted a formal vote on 9 October, and forwarded its choice to the General Assembly, which elected Ban on 13 October.
United Nations Charterprovides for the Secretary-General to be appointed by the General Assembly upon the nomination of the Security Council. Therefore, the selection is subject to the vetoof any of the five permanent members of the Security Council.
The Charter's minimal language has since been supplemented by other procedural rules and accepted practices. In practice, the Secretary-General cannot be a national of any of the permanent members of the Security Council. An accepted practice of regional rotation has also been adopted in the selection of successive candidates. The ability of candidates to converse in both English and French is also considered an unofficial qualification for the office.
Background to the 2006 race
When the race to succeed Annan began in 2006, it was widely expected the successful candidate would be Asian, since a number of Security Council members (including China, which has a veto) indicated they would only support an Asian candidate. [Cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/support.html|title="Support of UNSG candidates by UN member states"|publisher=UNSG.org]
Noting that all Secretaries-General to date have been men,
Equality Nowlaunched a campaign for the election of a female Secretary-General, and identified a ‘sampling’ of 18 qualified women, including Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, Louise Arbour, Gro Harlem Brundtland, and Tarja Halonen[Cite web|url=http://www.equalitynow.org/english/actions/action_1102_en.html|title="The Next United Nations Secretary-General: Time for a Woman"|date=November 2005|publisher= Equality Now] . Equality Now also noted that there are many qualified Asian women, including Aung San Suu Kyifrom Burma, Sadako Ogatafrom Japan, Nafis Sadikfrom Pakistan, Anson Chanfrom Hong Kong, and Leticia Shahani from the Philippines. [Cite web|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/14/AR2006031401126.html|title="Give the U.N.'s Reins to a Woman"|date= 15 March 2006|publisher= Washington Post] . The idea of a female Secretary-General received some support (including from Kofi Annan [Cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/48|title="International Women’s Day"|publisher=UNSG.org|date= 8 March 2006] and US Ambassador to the UN John Bolton[Cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/64|title=Bolton pushing for female UNSG?|date= 10 April 2006|publisher=UNSG.org] ), but no Asian women were nominated.
Seven candidates were officially nominated for the position:Cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/candidates.html|title="Candidates for UN Secretary General"|publisher=UNSG.org]
A number of other potential candidates were mentioned by commentators but did not run, including
Bill Clinton(former President of the United States), Jean Chrétien(former Prime Minister of Canada), Anwar Ibrahim(former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia), Goh Chok Tong( Senior Ministerof the Republic of Singapore), José Ramos-Horta( Nobel Peace PrizeLaureate and then Prime Minister of East Timor), Aleksander Kwaśniewski(former President of Poland), and Tony Blair(then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom).
The Security Council conducted four
straw polls, on 24 July, [cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/115|title="Ban takes 1st Straw Poll"|publisher=UNSG.org|date= 2006-07-24|accessdate=2006-09-28] 14 September, [cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/138|title="Ban firms up lead in second Straw Poll"|publisher=UNSG.org|date= 2006-09-14|accessdate=2006-09-28] 28 September, [cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/164|title="Ban slips but holds, Vike Freiberga pushes into third"|publisher=UNSG.org|date= 2006-09-28|accessdate=2006-09-28] and 2 October, [cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/170|title="Ban Ki-moon wins"|publisher=UNSG.org|date= 2006-10-02|accessdate=2006-10-02] in which each of the 15 member states were asked whether they would ‘encourage’ or ‘discourage’ each of the official candidates (or if they had ‘no opinion’ on the candidate). Ban Ki-moon topped each of these polls. In the fourth poll, Ban emerged as the only candidate with the support of all five permanent members, each of whom has the power to veto candidates. After the vote, Shashi Tharoor, who finished second, withdrew his candidacy [cite web|url=http://www.ndtv.com/topstories/showtopstory.asp?slug=UN+Straw+Poll%3A+Ban+Ki+Moon+gets+14+votes&id=20403|title="Shashi Tharoor pulls out of UN race"|publisher= [http://www.ndtv.com/ NDTV.com] |date= 2006-10-02|accessdate=2006-10-02] and China's Permanent Representative to the UN told reporters that "it is quite clear from today's straw poll that Minister Ban Ki-moon is the candidate that the Security Council will recommend to the General Assembly". [http://webcast.un.org/ramgen/sc/so061002pm3.rm]
Zeid and Ghani withdrew from the race on
4 October. [cite web|url=http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-10/05/content_5169460.htm|title="Jordanian, Afghan candidates drop out of race for next UN chief"|publisher=Xinhua|date= 2006-10-05|accessdate=2006-10-05] They were followed on 5 Octoberby Surakiart and Vīķe-Freiberga, leaving only Ban in the race. [Cite web|url=http://www.unsg.org/wordpress/archives/173|title="Vike-Freiberga withdraws, Ban now sole candidate"|date= 5 October 2006|publisher=UNSG.org] The Security Council conducted a formal vote on 9 October, and forwarded its choice to the General Assembly, which then elected him on 13 October. [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6049890.stm|title="South Korean elected new UN Chief"|publisher= BBC News|date= 2006-10-13|accessdate=2006-10-13]
Reform of the United Nations
United Nations General Assembly
United Nations Security Council
* [http://www.un.org/News/ossg/sg/pages/elect-the-sg.htm How is the Secretary-General appointed?] — United Nations website
* [http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/site/lookup.asp?c=glKWLeMTIsG&b=1807393 Report on the process of appointing a new Secretary-General]
* [http://www.unsg.org Who will be the next Secretary General?]
* [http://www.unsgselection.org UNSGselection.org] - a campaign for a more democratic selection process
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