- Portsmouth Direct Line
Portsmouth Direct Line
Portsmouth Direct Line
Overview Type Suburban rail, Heavy rail System National Rail Status Operational Locale Hampshire
South East England
Operation Opened 1858 Owner Network Rail Operator(s) South West Trains Rolling stock Class 450, Class 444, Class 455 Technical Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Standard gauge Portsmouth Direct LineLegend South Western Main Line Woking Woking carriage sidings Worplesdon New Guildford Line North Downs Line Guildford Guildford Chalk Tunnel St Catherine's Hill Tunnel North Downs Line Cranleigh Line Farncombe Godalming 1st station River Wey Godalming Milford Witley Haslemere Liphook Longmoor Military Railway Liss Midhurst Railways Petersfield Buriton Tunnel Woodcroft Halt Rowlands Castle Denvilles Halt West Coastway Line Hayling Island Branch Line Havant Bedhampton Farlington West Coastway Line Hilsea East Southsea Fratton Portsmouth and Southsea Portsmouth Harbour
The Portsmouth Direct Line is the route of a railway service operated by South West Trains which runs between London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour, England. Trains use the same tracks between London and a junction south of Woking as the South Western Main Line (SWML) and West of England Line, and then branch off.
The earliest railway to reach Portsmouth - in reality Gosport on the opposite side of Portsmouth Harbour - was via a London and South Western Railway (LSWR) branch via Fareham to Eastleigh and thence via Winchester to London.
The first section of the direct route was opened to Guildford as the Guildford Junction Railway on 5 May 1845; the line was extended to Godalming on 15 October 1849. The line was extended to Havant in the 1850s as a speculative venture, backed by Portsmouth townspeople frustrated with the circuitous routes via Eastleigh or Brighton. The new line was taken over by the L&SWR who opened it on 28 December 1858, having already reached Portsmouth via Cosham. In order to reach it, however, trains had to use London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) metals from a junction at Havant, and the latter objected to the L&SWR trains using the line. Fighting and obstruction took place, and passengers were forced to use a horse bus from Denvilles to complete their journey, but after a legal resolution trains ran freely from 24 January 1859.
Services leave London Waterloo along the South Western Main Line and fork off at Woking to take the actual Portsmouth Direct Line. It joins the West Coastway before Havant station and then diverges again at Farlington Junction to reach Portsmouth Harbour
Before electrification, the route was a difficult one, since there are two summits on its 74¼-mile (120 km) run. After using the River Wey valley through Guildford, the line climbs from Godalming for eight miles (13 km) at 1:80/1:82 to a summit near Haslemere; the second climb is three miles (5 km) near Buriton Tunnel south of Petersfield.
SW 110 M-Ch km Woking Junction 0-00 0.00 Worplesdon 2-03 3.25 Guildford 5-45 8.95 Shalford Junction 6-60 10.85 Farncombe 8-58 14.05 Godalming 9-55 15.60 Milford 11-39 18.50 Witley 13-54 22.00 Haslemere 18-17 29.30 Liphook 22-05 35.50 Liss 26-53 42.90 Petersfield 30-09 48.45 Rowlands Castle 38-36 61.90 Havant 41-53 67.05 Bedhampton 42-26 68.10 Farlington Junction 44-50 71.80 Portcreek Junction 45-15 72.70 Hilsea 45-53 73.50 Fratton 47-76 77.15 Portsmouth and Southsea 48-62 78.50 Portsmouth Harbour 49-48 79.80
- ^ "Electric Railways". 'Stendec Systems'. 2007. http://www.electric-railways.co.uk/L2_DC_750_CR/1_general/g3_proj/prj-0d75-sr.html. Retrieved 2007-02-25.
- R.V.J.Butt, (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1 85260 508 1
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