Marrubium vulgare


Marrubium vulgare
Marrubium vulgare
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Marrubium
Species: M. vulgare
Binomial name
Marrubium vulgare
L.

Marrubium vulgare (White Horehound or Common Horehound) is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia.

It is a gray-leaved herbaceous perennial plant, somewhat resembling mint in appearance, which grows to 25–45 cm tall. The leaves are 2–5 cm long with a densely crinkled surface, and are covered in downy hairs. The flowers are white, borne in clusters on the upper part of the main stem.

Contents

Candy

Horehound is used to make hard lozenge candies that are considered by folk medicine to aid digestion, soothe sore throats, and relieve inflammation.[citation needed]

As an invasive weed

Horehound was introduced to southern Australia in the 19th century as a medicinal herb. It became a weed of native grasslands and pastures where it was introduced with settlers’ livestock, and was first declared under noxious weeds legislation. It now appears to have reached its full potential distribution.

It occupies disturbed or overgrazed ground, and is favoured by grazing because it is highly unpalatable to livestock. It may persist in native vegetation that has been grazed.

As biocontrol

Marrubium vulgare is also used as a natural grasshopper repellent in agriculture[which?].

In astrology

According to John Gower in Book 7 of the Confessio Amantis, this plant was the herb of the fourth star of Nectanabus' astrology, Capella. Gower uses the older name, Alhaiot (VII:1338).

Gallery

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MARRUBIUM VULGARE L — GARE ., шандра обыкновенная, или конская мята, травянистое растение 30 60 см вышины, сем. губоцветных (abiatae). Встречается в Европе, Азии и Сев. Америке. В медицине применяются листья и верхушки растения. Действующие начала: эфирное масло… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Marrubium vulgare —   Marrubium vulgare Marrubium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marrubium vulgare — Gewöhnlicher Andorn Gewöhnlicher Andorn (Marrubium vulgare) Systematik Unterklasse: Asternähnliche (Asteridae) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marrubium vulgare — Marrube blanc Marrube blanc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marrubium vulgare — paprastoji šantra statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Notrelinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis, medingas augalas (Marrubium vulgare), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, vakarų Azijoje ir pietų Europoje; iš jo gaminami maisto priedai… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Marrubium vulgare — Horehound Hore hound , n. [OE. horehune, AS. h[=a]rhune; h[=a]r hoar, gray + hune horehound; cf. L. cunila a species of organum, Gr. ?, Skr. kn?y to smell.] (Bot.) 1. A plant of the genus {Marrubium} ({Marrubium vulgare}), which has a bitter… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marrubium vulgare — paprastoji šantra statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Daugiametis, žolinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis, medingas ir gana dekoratyvus notrelinių (Lamiaceae) šeimos augalas. Dauginamas sėklomis. Prieskonių žaliavai tinka švieži ir džiovinti… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Marrubium vulgare — ID 52037 Symbol Key MAVU Common Name horehound Family Lamiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Marrubium vulgare L. — Symbol MAVU Common Name horehound Botanical Family Lamiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Marrubium vulgare — noun European aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring • Syn: ↑common horehound, ↑white horehound • Hypernyms: ↑horehound …   Useful english dictionary