- Community rail
In the United Kingdom, a community rail line is a local railway which is specially supported by local organisations. This support is usually through a Community Rail Partnerships (CRP) – comprising both the railway operator, local councils and other community organisations – or sometimes by Rail User Groups (RUG). Community railways are managed to fit local circumstances recognising the need to increase revenue, reduce costs, increase community involvement and support social and economic development.
The Association of Community Rail Partnerships (ACoRP) supports its fifty or so member CRPs in the United Kingdom and also offers assistance to voluntary Station Friends groups that support their local stations through the Station Adoption scheme. Since 2005 the UK's Department for Transport has formally designated a number of railway lines as community rail schemes in order to recognise the need for different, more appropriate standards than are applied to main line railway routes, and therefore make them more cost effective.
Association of Community Rail Partnerships
The Association of Community Rail Partnerships is funded by the Department for Transport as an umbrella group to support CRPs and Station Friends groups. The Association shares ideas and best practice among its members through various channels including conferences and seminars and a quarterly magazine Train Times, also a monthly electronic newsletter. An annual Community Rail Awards event is held each autumn on a different community railway around the country each year.
The Department for Transport announced a pilot project in 2005 under their Community Rail Development Strategy, with the intention of having seven differing lines test out different types of community rail schemes. The aims of these schemes are to:
- establish the contribution of Community Rail Development in achieving locally set objectives such as reducing road congestion and increasing accessibility;
- establish the costs for the line and services;
- establish the effectiveness of different methods for reducing the net financial loss of Community Rail lines by increasing revenue and reducing costs where practicable.
Designation does not physically separate a line from the rest of the network or remove it from either Network Rail or franchise operation. It is not generally intended to be used as a mechanism to reopen lines or create "microfranchises", although these options may be investigated on some routes.
In addition each line has a remit agreed in a "Route Prospectus" which gives more detailed aims and objectives for each scheme, such as infrastructure improvements, new ticketing arrangements, or cooperation with other local transport operators.
The DfT has identified about 50 routes in England and Wales that would benefit from designation, covering 10% of Network Rail and some 390 stations.  Some routes will only be designated as community rail services (rather than community rail lines) as the infrastructure may be used by other operators in a way that precludes designation. The routes designated so far are:
- July 2005.
- September 2005
- March 2006
- July 2006
- September 2006
- November 2006
- February 2007
- March 2007
- September 2007
- April 2008
- Lakes Line - Oxenholme – Windermere
- South Fylde - Blackpool South – Preston Line
- Severn Beach Line - Bristol Temple Meads - Severn Beach (service designation)
- July 2008
- Lymington Branch - Brockenhurst - Lymington Pier
- November 2008
- North Staffordshire Line – Crewe-Stoke-Derby (service designation)
- September 2009
- Cumbrian Coast Line – Carlisle – Barrow-in-Furness (service designation)
- January 2011
- Bishop Line - Darlington - Bishop Auckland (service designation)
- September 2011
- Preston to Ormskirk Line
- October 2011
- Heart of Wessex Line: Bristol - Weymouth (service designation)
A number of smaller stations have been supported by local voluntary groups for many years. The concept has now been formalised by many train operating companies which operate Station Adoption schemes.
Station "friends" groups or "rail user" groups care for their local station in various ways such as planting flower beds and litter clearance. Many of them actively promote the train service by printing and distributing timetable leaflets, maintaining community noticeboards at their station, and even operating websites.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Community of Madrid — Comunidad de Madrid (Spanish) Autonomous Community … Wikipedia
Rail trail — is a term for a trail that makes use of a railroad right of way (ROW). A rail trail can be either a rail to trail , created in a right of way where the railway has been discontinued, or a rail with trail , created in a right of way where the… … Wikipedia
Rail Simulator — Entwickler Kuju Publisher … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rail transport in Oregon — Rail transport is an important element of the transportation network in the state of Oregon. Rail has existed in the state in some form since 1855 [ cite web url = http://www.columbiagorge.org/press releases.html title = Gorge Railroad History… … Wikipedia
Community Development Digest — Type Newsletter Format Online journal Owner CD Publications Publisher Mike Gerecht Editor Tom Harman Found … Wikipedia
Rail transport in Ireland — Rail services in Ireland are provided by Iarnród Éireann in the Republic of Ireland and by Northern Ireland Railways in Northern Ireland. The gauge on main lines is RailGauge|1600 Irish gauge, as opposed to the standard gauge of RailGauge|1435 of … Wikipedia
Community film — is a variety of practices and approaches which emerged in the 1970s that claim to interrogate and challenge the dominant use of film and cinema in association with a global, big budget industry . DeeDee Halleck noted in her 2002 book It s one… … Wikipedia
Rail transport in Europe — is characterised by its diversity, both technical and infrastructural.Rail networks in Western and Central Europe are often well maintained and well developed, whilst Eastern and Southern Europe often have less coverage and infrastructure… … Wikipedia
Community bicycle program — Community bicycle programs (also known as Yellow bicycle programs, White bicycle programs, bike sharing, public bike or free bike) are one element of an international movement to build environmentally friendly transportation.Community programs… … Wikipedia
rail — rail1 [rāl] n. [ME raile < OFr reille < L regula,RULE] 1. a bar of wood, metal, etc. placed horizontally between upright posts to serve as a barrier or support 2. a fence or railing; specif., the fence surrounding the infield of a racetrack … English World dictionary