- Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Henry, Duke of Cornwall was the name of two sons of King
Henry VIII of Englandand his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Henry in total had six children by Catherine of Aragon; 2 girls, 3 boys, and 1 whose sex is unrecorded. Only one of their children, Princess Mary (later Queen Mary I) survived infancy.
The first Henry, Duke of Cornwall
The first Henry, Duke of Cornwall (
1 January- 22 February 1511[ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10149.htm thePeerage.com] ] ) was the second child, oldest son and Heir Apparentof King Henry VIII of Englandand Catherine of Aragon. He was born on 1 January, 1511, eighteen months after his parents' marriage and coronation. His older sister, born 31 January 1510was three months premature and stillborn. [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10149.htm#i101488]
Henry and his queen planned extravagant celebrations rivalling that of his
coronationfor the birth of his son and heir, who immediately became Duke of Cornwalland was scheduled later in adulthood to become Prince of Wales, King of Englandand third king of the House of Tudor. Henry carried Catherine's favour in a tournament, riding under the banner of "Sir Loyal Heart;" the relationship between the royal pair, already one of strong affection, had become even more of a love match because of Catherine's success in providing a male heir. Known as "Little Prince Hal" and "the New Year's Boy," the prince was almost instantly beloved by the entire realm. However on 22 February, 1511 the young prince died suddenly. The cause of Henry's death was not recorded.
Contemporary reports state that both parents were distraught at the loss of their second child and expected future king. The deeply religious Catherine spent many hours kneeling on cold stone floors praying, to the worry of courtiers. Henry distracted himself from his grief by unsuccessfully waging war against
Louis XII of Francewith his father-in-law, Ferdinand II of Aragon.
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1= 1. Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Henry VIII of England
Catherine of Aragon
Henry VII of England
Elizabeth of York
Ferdinand II of Aragon
Isabella of Castile
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
9= 9. Margaret Beaufort
Edward IV of England
John II of Aragon
John II of Castile
Infanta Isabel of Portugal
Catherine of Valois
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset
Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers
Jacquetta of Luxembourg
Ferdinand I of Aragon
Eleanor of Alburquerque
26= 26. Fadrique Enríquez, Count of Melba and Rueda
27= 27. Mariana de Córdoba
Henry III of Castile
Katherine of Lancaster
Infante João, Lord of Reguengos
Isabella of Braganza
The second Henry, Duke of Cornwall
The second Henry, Duke of Cornwall (December 1514) was the third son and fourth child of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. Little is known about the prince, who died within one month of his birth.
Was there a third Henry, Duke of Cornwall?
Some sources claim that Henry VIII and his second wife,
Anne Boleyn, had a son called Henry who died only a few hours after birth. If so, he would have been Duke of Cornwall for his extremely short life. However, most sources indicate that this pregnancy ended in a miscarriage or stillbirth.
Impact of Henry, Duke of Cornwall's death on history
Historians have speculated as to the course English history might have taken, had either of the two Henrys, Duke of Cornwall, or any of the other legitimate sons survived. Given that Henry's search for a male heir, after Catherine's failure to give birth to any more live sons, was the cited reason which led him to have their marriage annulled, a living male child may have at least forestalled, or even prevented, the marriage to
Anne Boleynand placed England in a different relationship with Roman Catholicismduring the Protestant Reformation.
This theme has also been explored in some
alternate historyscience fiction, such as Kingsley Amis' " The Alteration" (1976), in which another alternate historyEnglish Reformationis depicted, even without the succession crisis caused by the absence of a male heir until the birth of Edward VIto Henry and Jane Seymour. However, Amis' book within a book does not specify whether this alternate history Henry IXis any specific son of Henry VIII
* page 152
* page 237
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