- Osh Province
Osh Province Ош областы, Ошская область Province Country Kyrgyzstan Capital Osh Area 29,200 km2 (11,274 sq mi) Population 1,299,500 (2005) Density 44.5 / km2 (115 / sq mi) Governor Naken Kasiyev ISO 3166-2 KG-O
Osh Province (Kyrgyz: Ош областы, Russian: Ошская область) is a province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Province, Naryn Province, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Province and Uzbekistan.
Most of the population lives in the flat northern part of the Oblast, on the edge of the Ferghana Valley. The land gradually rises southward to the crest of the Alay Mountains, drops into the Alay Valley and rises to the Trans-Alai Range which forms the border with Tajikistan. In the east, the land rises to the Ferghana Range which is roughly parallel to the Naryn border. This area is drained by the Kara Darya which flows northwest to join the Naryn River to form the Syr Darya in the Ferghana Valley.
Highway M41 goes south over the mountains from Osh to the Tajik border. At Sary-Tash a branch goes east to the Chinese border crossing at Irkeshtam. The other main road goes west through the flat country to Batken Province.
As of 2009, Osh Province (excluding Osh) comprised 3 towns (Nookat, Uzgen, and Kara-Suu), 2 urban-type settlement and 474 villages. Its de facto population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 999,576. Of them, 82,841 people live in urban areas, and 916,735 in rural ones.
Historical populations in Osh Province Year Pop. ±% 1970 433,036 — 1979 552,843 +27.7% 1989 716,983 +29.7% 1999 940,633 +31.2% 2009 999,576 +6.3% Note: enumerated de facto population; Source: 
According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Osh Province (de jure population) was:
Ethnic group Population Proportion of Uzgen District population Kyrgyzs 758,036 68.6% Uzbeks 308,688 28.0% Uygurs 11,181 1% Turks 10,934 1% Tadjiks 6,711 0.6% Azerbaijanis 3,224 0.3% Russians 1,552 0.1% Tatars 1,337 0.1% Dungans 793 0.1% other groups 1,792 0.2%
Districts of Osh Province
Osh province is divided administratively into 7 districts (listed counter-clockwise):
District Capital Location Uzgen District Uzgen North1 Kara-Suu District Kara-Suu North2 Aravan District Aravan North3 Nookat District Eski-Nookat West Chong-Alay District Daroot-Korgon Southwest Alay District Gul'cha Southeast Kara-Kulja District Kara-Kulja East
Enclaves and exclaves
Kyrgyzstan's only exclave within Uzbekistan is administratively part of Osh Province (Kara-Suu District). This is the tiny village of Barak (population 627) in the Fergana valley, located on the road from Osh (Kyrgyzstan) to Khodjaabad (Uzbekistan) about 4 km north-west from the Kyrgyz–Uzbek border in the direction of Andijan.
- ^ a b Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 3 (in tables). Provinces of Kyrgyzstan: Chuy Province (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 3 (в таблицах). Регионы Кыргызстана: Ошская область, Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010, http://126.96.36.199:8088/nacstat/sites/default/files/%D0%9E%D1%88%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F%20%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C.pdf
- ^ Kyrgyzstan - Джалал-Абадская область
- ^ Map showing the location of the Kyrgyz exclave Barak. Retrieved on 2 May 2009
- Laurence Mitchell, Kyrgyzstan, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008
Andijon Province, Uzbekistan
Fergana Province, Uzbekistan
Jalal-Abad Province Naryn Province Batken Province Xinjiang, China Osh Province Districts of Republican Subordination, Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, Tajikistan Provinces (Oblasts) of Kyrgyzstan
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