Osh Province


Osh Province

Coordinates: 40°0′N 73°0′E / 40°N 73°E / 40; 73

Osh Province
Ош областы, Ошская область
Province
Country Kyrgyzstan
Capital Osh
Area 29,200 km2 (11,274 sq mi)
Population 1,299,500 (2005)
Density 44.5 / km2 (115 / sq mi)
Governor Naken Kasiyev
ISO 3166-2 KG-O

Osh Province (Kyrgyz: Ош областы, Russian: Ошская область) is a province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Province, Naryn Province, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Province and Uzbekistan.

Contents

Geography

Most of the population lives in the flat northern part of the Oblast, on the edge of the Ferghana Valley. The land gradually rises southward to the crest of the Alay Mountains, drops into the Alay Valley and rises to the Trans-Alai Range which forms the border with Tajikistan. In the east, the land rises to the Ferghana Range which is roughly parallel to the Naryn border. This area is drained by the Kara Darya which flows northwest to join the Naryn River to form the Syr Darya in the Ferghana Valley.

Highway M41 goes south over the mountains from Osh to the Tajik border. At Sary-Tash a branch goes east to the Chinese border crossing at Irkeshtam. The other main road goes west through the flat country to Batken Province.

Demographics

As of 2009, Osh Province (excluding Osh) comprised 3 towns (Nookat, Uzgen, and Kara-Suu), 2 urban-type settlement and 474 villages. Its de facto population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 999,576. Of them, 82,841 people live in urban areas, and 916,735 in rural ones.

More than half of all Kyrgyzstan's Uzbeks live in Osh Province. They are 33% of the provincial population as opposed to 14,5% in Kyrgyzstan as a whole.[citation needed]

Historical populations in Osh Province
Year Pop. ±%
1970 433,036
1979 552,843 +27.7%
1989 716,983 +29.7%
1999 940,633 +31.2%
2009 999,576 +6.3%
Note: enumerated de facto population; Source: [1]

Ethnic composition

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Osh Province (de jure population) was:[1]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of Uzgen District population
Kyrgyzs &10000000000758036000000758,036 68.6%
Uzbeks &10000000000308688000000308,688 28.0%
Uygurs &1000000000001118100000011,181 1%
Turks &1000000000001093400000010,934 1%
Tadjiks &100000000000067110000006,711 0.6%
Azerbaijanis &100000000000032240000003,224 0.3%
Russians &100000000000015520000001,552 0.1%
Tatars &100000000000013370000001,337 0.1%
Dungans &10000000000000793000000793 0.1%
other groups &100000000000017920000001,792 0.2%


Districts of Osh Province

Osh province is divided administratively into 7 districts (listed counter-clockwise)[2]:

District Capital Location
Uzgen District Uzgen North1
Kara-Suu District Kara-Suu North2
Aravan District Aravan North3
Nookat District Eski-Nookat West
Chong-Alay District Daroot-Korgon Southwest
Alay District Gul'cha Southeast
Kara-Kulja District Kara-Kulja East


Enclaves and exclaves

Kyrgyzstan's only exclave within Uzbekistan is administratively part of Osh Province (Kara-Suu District). This is the tiny village of Barak (population 627) in the Fergana valley, located on the road from Osh (Kyrgyzstan) to Khodjaabad (Uzbekistan) about 4 km north-west from the Kyrgyz–Uzbek border in the direction of Andijan.[3]

References

  • Laurence Mitchell, Kyrgyzstan, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008



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