- Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt
name=Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt
birth_date=June 2, 1885
death_date=December 30, 1964
known_for=research of brain diseases
Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt (
June 2, 1885– December 30, 1964) was a German neuropathologist. He was born in Hamburg/ Harburgand died in Munich.
Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt was born into a medical family in
Harburg, which was incorporated into Hamburgin 1937. He absolved his military service in Kieland attended the School of Medicine of the Universities of Jenaand Rostock, receiving his doctorate at the latter in 1909. Part of his practical training was undertaken at "St. Georg" - Hospital in Hamburg. After qualification he sought adventure as a ship's surgeon, voyaging the Pacific Ocean, taking the opportunity to study local crafts, linguistics, and tropical plants.
After returning to
Germany, Creutzfeldt worked at the Neurological Institute in Frankfurt, at the psychiatric-neurological clinics in Breslau, Kieland Berlin, and at the "Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Psychiatrie" in Munich. He was habilitated at Kiel in 1920, and in 1925 became "Extraordinarius" of psychiatryand neurology. In 1938 he was appointed professor and director of the university psychiatric and neurological division in Kiel. During his tenure as director, he managed to save almost all of his patients from being executed under the Nazi Action T4 euthanasiaprogram.
Creutzfeldt was 54 years of age when the
Second World Warbroke out. Creutzfeldt had little sympathy for the Nazi regime and was able to save some people from death in concentration camps. During the war, bombing destroyed his home and clinic.
After the war he was rector of the University of
Kielfor six months, before being dismissed by the British occupational forces. His efforts to rebuild the university caused several conflicts with the British because he wanted to allow more former army officers to study there. In 1953 he moved on to Munichto work scientifically. He died in 1964 in Munich.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a subacute spongiform encephalopathy caused from prionsinvolving the cerebral cortex, the basal gangliaand the spinal cord.
Adrenoleukodystrophy, a rare demyelination disorder also known as Siemerling-Creutzfeldt Disease causing progressive brain damage, adrenal failure, and eventually death.
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