- 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry
unit_name= 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry
colors_label=Stars and Bars
Flag of Virginia
caption=Flag of Virginia
dates= December 1862 to April 1865
Confederate States of America
size= 6 companies
battles=Jackson's Valley Campaign-
The Fight at Waterford- Battle of Brandy Station- Battle of Gettysburg- Battle of High Bridge- Battle of Cedar Creek
Elijah V. White
commander3_label=3rd and Final
The 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry, also known as White's Battalion, White's Rebels and the Comanches, was a Confederate
cavalryunit during the American Civil War.
Formed in December 1861 by
Elijah V. Whitein Loudoun County, Virginia, the 35th was initially assigned to border service in that county, aiding the commands of General D.H. Hillin Leesburg and General Stonewall Jacksonin Winchester. When D.H. Hill's command was evacuated from Leesburg to Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign, the 35th was assigned to Jackson, where it took part in his famous Valley Campaign. In late 1862 the 35th was briefly put under the control of General Jeb Stuart.
The 35th was also highly involved in the
partisanwarfare in Loudoun County. While mustered into the regular army, they were frequently granted extended leave to Loudoun to find forage and new mounts, and while at home often engaged the Federals in the area including their nemesis, the Loudoun Rangers, such as at The Fight at Waterford. In addition, Comanche John Mobberlybroke off from the unit and formed an independent guerrilla command that terrorized northwest Loudoun during the later years of the war.
As a part of the brigade of William E. "Grumble" Jones in the
Army of Northern Virginia, the 35th took part in the Battle of Brandy Stationin June 1863. During the Gettysburg Campaign, the 35th was attached to General Richard Ewelland as such was one of the first units to arrive in the town, and fired some of the first shots of that famous battle when they drove Pennsylvania state militiafrom the town. Elements of the battalion were among the first Confederate troops to reach the Susquehanna Riverat Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, before turning westward, where the 35th performed scouting and flank protection duty during the Battle of Gettysburg.
Later in 1863, the 35th was re-attached to the famed "Laurel Brigade," serving again directly under General Jones. In April 1865, the battalion was the rearguard as the Army of Northern Virginia retreated up the
Appomattox River. Just prior to Gen. Lee's surrender, the 35th served as couriers delivering General Grant's surrender terms. The 35th did not surrender with the rest of the army, but instead returned to Loudoun County and disbanded.
*A - White's Rebels
*B - Chiswell's Maryland Exiles (Maryland)
*C - Grubb's Company
*D - Trayhern's Company
*E - Grabill's Company (Page/Shenandoah Counties)
*F - Ferneyhough's Co.
* Divine, John, "35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry". Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard Inc., 1985.
* [http://www.geocities.com/heartland/hills/1850/35thbnvacav.html 35th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry]
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