108th Cavalry Regiment (United States)


108th Cavalry Regiment (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=108th Cavalry Regiment


caption=108th Cavalry distinctive insignia
dates= June 1 1921 to Present
country= United States
allegiance=
branch= Army National Guard
type=
role= Reconnaissance and Surveillance
size= Regiment
command_structure=
garrison=
garrison_label=
equipment=
equipment_label=
nickname=
patron= Saint George
motto="Come What Will"
colors= Yellow
colors_label=
march=
mascot=
battles=
anniversaries=
decorations= None
battle_honours=
current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
ceremonial_chief_label=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=
identification_symbol= -->
identification_symbol_label=Distinctive Unit Insignia
identification_symbol_2=
identification_symbol_2_label=

Lineage

The 108th Cavalry was constituted June 1, 1921, assigned to the 23rd Cavalry Division, allotted to the National Guard of the States of Georgia and Louisiana, and organized from new and existing units as follows:
*Headquarters (subsequently Headquarters and Headquarters Troop), organized at New Orleans and federally recognized November 10, 1923.
*Service Troop organized at New Orleans and federally recognized August 3, 1924

*Headquarters, 1st Squadron (originally organized December 2, 1907 as Headquarters, 2d Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Mustered into Federal service July 16, 1916 for Mexican border service and stationed at El Paso, Texas
**Consolidated with 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police, 31st Division, October 23, 1917
**demobilized January 14, 1919 at Camp Gordon, Georgia
**Reorganized at Atlanta and federally recognized March 6, 1922

*Troop A, 1st Separate Squadron, Georgia Cavalry at Savannah
**Organized October 1, 1785) as Georgia Hussars
**Mustered into Confederate States Army in 1861 as Company E, 6th Virginia Cavalry
**Transferred to "Jeff Davis" Legion in December 1861 as Company F and served in the Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
**Surrendered April 26, 1865 with Johnston’s command at Greensboro, North Carolina
**Reorganized May 6, 1872 as Georgia Hussars
**Redesignated November 11, 1889 as Troop A, 1st Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated December 2, 1907 as Troop A, 1st Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated September 19, 1910 as Troop A, 2d Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated September 23, 1910 as Troop A, Georgia Cavalry, unassigned
**Attached to 2d Squadron, Georgia Cavalry, March 12, 1912
**Mustered into Federal service July 16, 1916 and stationed at El Paso, Texas
**Redesignated September 25, 1917 as Headquarters Troop, 31st Division; demobilized January 14, 1919 at Camp Gordon, Georgia
**Reorganized and Federally recognized September 13, 1920 as Troop A, 1st Separate Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated Troop A, November 2, 1921

*Troop B, 1st Separate Squadron, Georgia Cavalry at Hinesville organized September 12, 1788 as "Liberty Independent Troop"
**Mustered into Confederate States Army January 20, 1863 as Troop G, 5th Georgia Cavalry, Wheeler’s Corps, Army of Tennessee and disbanded April 10, 1865
**Reorganized July 13, 1872 as "Liberty Independent Troop"
**Redesignated November 11, 1889 as Troop B, 1st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated December 2, 1907 as Troop B, Troop B, 1st Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Redesignated September 19, 1910 as Troop B, 2d Squadron, Georgia Cavalry
**Mustered into Federal service July 16, 1916 for Mexican border duty and stationed at El Paso, Texas
**Redesignated October 20, 1917 as [http://books.google.com/books?id=6q83AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=%22wire+company%22+military&source=web&ots=VJMBJVpEQv&sig=EiDKGJIRAKgNhPKmwipt9rzRjPs Wire Company] , 106th Field Signal Battalion, 31st Division
**Demobilized May 10, 1919 at Camp Gordon, Georgia
**Reorganized and federally recognized September 17, 1920 as Troop B, 1st Separate Squadron
**Redesignated Troop B, November 2, 1921


106th Field Signal Battalion, Major C.W. Saso, commanding, [http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/gahistmarkers/campwheelerhistmarker.htm Camp Wheeler] , |Ga., February 9, 1918

*Troop C, 1st Separate Squadron, Georgia Cavalry at Atlanta, Georgia
**organized March 31, 1883 as "Governor’s Horse Guard"
**redesignated 25 January 1890 as Troop B, 1st Battalion, Georgia Cavalry
**redesignated 3 October 1899 as Troop L, 1st Georgia Cavalry
**redesignated Troop L, 2d Squadron, Georgia Cavalry, 3 December 1907
**mustered Into Federal service 16 July 1916 and stationed at El Paso
**redesignated 20 October 1917 as 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police, 31st Division
**demobilized 14 January 1919 at Camp Gordon, Georgia
**reorganized and Federally recognized 31 May 1921 as Troop C, 1st Separate Squadron, Georgia Cavalry)
**redesignated Troop C, 2 November 1921

*Headquarters, 1st Squadron, 108th Cavalry at Jennings Louisiana
**organized and Federally recognized 4 May 1922)
**redesignated Headquarters, 2d Squadron, 21 June 1922 Troop A, 108th Cavalry at Bogalusa, Louisiana
**organized 22 January 1913 as Company G, 1st Regiment, Louisiana Infantry
**mustered into Federal service 25 June 1916 at Camp Stafford, Louisiana, for Mexican border duty
**mustered out 25 September 1916 at Camp Stafford
**mustered into Federal service 10 April 1917 at Camp Nicholls, Louisiana
**broken up 29 October 1917 and personnel assigned to Companies E, F, G and H, 154th Infantry and Company D, 1 14th Engineers, 39th Division
**demobilized 23 January 1919 at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana
**reorganized and Federally recognized 27 November 1920 as Troop A, Louisiana Cavalry
**redesignated 24 April 1922 as Troop A, 108th Cavalry)
**redesignated Troop E, 108th Cavalry, 21 June 1922.

*Troop B, 108th Cavalry at Jennings, Louisiana
**organized 25 November 1902 as 3d Troop, Louisiana Cavalry and attached to 1st Battalion, Louisiana Infantry
**assigned to 1st Squadron, Louisiana Cavalry 6 December 1904
**redesignated 25 April 1908 as Troop B, 1st Squadron, Louisiana Cavalry
**redesignated 31 December 1914 as 2d Separate Troop, Louisiana Cavalry
**mustered into Federal service 28 June 1916 at Camp Stafford for Mexican border duty and stationed at Donna, Texas
**redesignated 1st Separate Troop, Louisiana Cavalry, 6 July 1916, mustered out 6 October 1916 at Camp Stafford
**Mustered into Federal service 1 April 1917 at Camp Nicholls
**Redesignated Headquarters Troop, 42d Division in August 1917
**demobilized 10 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
**reorganized and Federally recognized 2 August 1921 as Troop B, 1st Louisiana Cavalry
**redesignated 24 April 1922 as Troop B 108th Cavalry), redesignated Troop F, 10 August 1922

*Troop C, 108th Cavalry at Franklinton, Louisiana (organized and federally recognized 17 December 1921), redesignated Troop G, 21 June 1922. Reorganized 15 March 1929 as a three-squadron regiment with elements at locations as follows:
**Regimental Headquarters reorganized at Hinesville, Georgia.
***1st Squadron reorganized with Headquarters and Troop B at Hinesville and Troop A at Savannah, Georgia.
***2d Squadron reorganized with Headquarters and Troop E at Bogalusa and Troop F at Franklinton, Louisiana.
***3d Squadron organized and Federally recognized 15 March 1929 with Headquarters and Troop I at New Orleans and Troop K at Jennings, Louisiana.
**Relieved from the 23rd Cavalry Division (United States) and broken up in October 1940 with elements consolidated, converted and redesignated as follows:
***Headquarters Troop at New Orleans redesignated 6 October 1940 as Headquarters Battery, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery Antiaircraft).
***Machine Gun Troop at Atlanta redesignated 12 October 1940 as Battery C, 101st Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Headquarters, First Squadron at Hinesville redesignated 12 October 1940 as Headquarters, 101st Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop A at Savannah redesignated 12 October 1940 as Battery A, 101st Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop B at Hinesville redesignated 12 October 1940 as Battery B, 101st Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Headquarters, 2d Squadron at New Orleans consolidated with Headquarters, 23d Cavalry Division (organized and federally recognized 18 October 1939) and Headquarters, 55th Cavalry Brigade (organized and Federally recognized 20 May 1936), reorganized and redesignated 6 October 1940 as Headquarters, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop E at Bogalusa redesignated 6 October 1940 as Battery C, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop F at Franklinton redesignated 6 October 1940 as Battery D, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Headquarters, 3d Squadron at New Orleans consolidated 6 October 1940 with Head- quarters, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop I at New Orleans redesignated 6 October 1940 as Battery A, 105th Separate Battalion, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).
***Troop K at Jennings redesignated 6 October 1940 as Antitank Company, 156th Infantry Medical Department Detachment at New Orleans reorganized 12 October 1940 to form Medical Department Detachments, 101st and 105th Separate Battalions, Coast Artillery (Antiaircraft).

Coat of Arms

The 108th Cavalry Regiment has its own Coat of Arms approved by the United States Army Institute of Heraldry on July 3, 1934, composed of the following:

**Shield: Consists of a Shield composed of a yellow a gules (for the Cavalry), red saltire (denoting Confederate Service), a three color (red, yellow, blue) rainbow at the honour point (for service with the 42nd Infantry Division during World War II), a prickly pear cactus at the charge (for Mexican border service), and an Indian's Head in profile with one feather in a top-knot (for Indian Wars)

**Crest: The regiments and separate battalions of the Georgia and Louisiana National Guard are placed from dexter to sinister in the order in which the states were admitted to the Union:
***Georgia: On a wreath of the colors a boar’s head, in the mouth an oak branch vert fructed
***Louisiana: On a wreath of the colors a pelican in her piety affronte with three young in nest, argent armed and vulned proper

**Distinctive Unit Insignia The Distinctive Unit Insignia is a combination of the Shield and the motto of the Coat of Arms

Campaign streamers

*Civil War (Confederate service)
**Peninsula Campaign
**Fredericksburg
**Gettysburg Campaign
**Battle of Culpeper Court House
**Overland Campaign
**Valley Campaigns of 1864
**Appomattox Campaign
**Atlanta Campaign
**Carolinas 1865
*World War I
**Streamer without inscription
*World War II
**Operation Torch
**Tunisia Campaign
**Operation Husky
**Operation Avalanche
**North Apennines
**Operation Overlord
**Battle of Hurtgen Forest
**Ardennes-Alsace
**Central European Campaign/Austria

Present day

*The 1st Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment is the reconnaissance and surveillance element element of the 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, Georgia Army National Guard.

*The 2nd Squardon, 108th Cavalry Regiment is the reconnaissance and surveillance element element of the 256th Infantry Brigade, Louisiana Army National Guard.

*The 3rd Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment is forming in 2008 as the reconnaissance and surveillance element of the new 560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, Georgia Army National Guard.

ee also

*Fiddler's Green
*Order of the Spur
*The Spur Ride
*Combat Cavalry Badge

External links

* [http://www.dod.state.ga.us/index.html National Guard of Georgia]
* [http://www.ngb.army.mil/default.aspx Army National Guard]
* [http://108cav.com/index.php?s=front&p=index]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/e-trp-108cav.htm]
* [http://www.militarycity.com/valor/1084794.html]
* [http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/jul2005/a072605la2.html]
* [http://www.la.ngb.army.mil/langb_site/Stories/vets_high_school.htm]
* [http://crazynightinga.blogspot.com/2006/05/remembering-fallen-of-48th.html]
* [http://www.dod.state.ga.us/firstfridayonline/may05/PAGES/cav.htm]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/org/news/2006/061119-e-troop.htm]
* [http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/gahistmarkers/campwheelerhistmarker.htm]
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~gaspald3/spalding_grays.htm]


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