- Science and technology in Romania
May 14, 1981Romania became the 11th country in the world to have an astronaut in space. That astronaut, Dumitru Prunariuis today's president of Romanian Space Agency.On March 18, 1906 Traian Vuiabecame the first person to have flown a self-propelling, heavier-than-air aircraft - he is also only the second person to have taken off with a powered airplane. [ [http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/vuia.html Hargrave - The Pioneers: An Anthology: Traian Vuia (1872-1950)] ] His flight was performed in Montessonnear Parisand was about 12 meters long. [ [http://www.earlyaviators.com/evuia.htm Traian I. Vuia at earlyaviators.com] ] Henri Coandăwas another Romanian inventor and pioneer of aviation. He built the world's first jet powered aircraft, the Coanda-1910, [ [http://airminded.org/2005/10/07/jet-aircraft-of-the-belle-epoque/ Jet aircraft of the Belle Époque] ] and brought it at the Second International Aeronautical Exhibitionin Parisaround October 1910.
Coanda-1910, world's first jet-propelled aircraft built by Henri Coanda] George Emil Paladeis a Romanian-born cell biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicinein 1974 [ [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1974/palade-autobio.html George E. Palade - The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974 at Nobelprize.org] ] for his study of internal organization of such cell structures as mitochondria, chloroplasts, the Golgi apparatus, and for the discovery of the ribosomes. [Nicole Kresge, Robert D. Simoni, and Robert L. Hill [http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/full/280/22/e19 George Emil Palade: How Sucrose and Electron Microscopy Led to the Birth of Cell Biology] "J. Biol. Chem.", Vol. 280, Issue 22, 19, June 3, 2005] He also won the National Medal of Sciencein 1986.
At the beginning of the 2000s, there was a boom in Romania in the number of
computer programmers. Romania is reported to be among the countries with the highest number of computer programmers in the world. [Citation|last=Townsend|first=Eileen|title =Global IT IQ Report|publisher =Brainbench, Inc.|year =2002|url =http://www.brainbench.com/pdf/globalitiq.pdf] Some examples of successful software include RAV (Romanian AntiVirus) which was bought in 2003 by Microsoftfor use in their development of Windows Defender; [ [http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2003/Jun03/06-10GeCadPR.mspx Microsoft to Acquire Antivirus Technology From GeCAD Software] ] or BitDefenderwhich is considered the number one antivirus software and internet security software at TopTenReviews. [ [http://internet-security-suite-review.toptenreviews.com/ 2008 Internet Security Suite Report] ]
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