Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota

Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota
Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota
—  City  —
Location of Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°11′56″N 92°46′21″W / 45.19889°N 92.7725°W / 45.19889; -92.7725
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Washington
 – Total 4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 – Land 3.9 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 – Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 – Total 689
 – Density 152.8/sq mi (59.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55047
Area code(s) 651
FIPS code 27-40562[2]
GNIS feature ID 0647535[3]

Marine on St. Croix is a city in Washington County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 689 at the 2010 census.[1]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), of which, 3.9 square miles (10 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (5.52%) is water. Minnesota State Highway 95 serves as a main route in the community. The city is located at 45.19804 N, 92.77316 W.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 602 people, 254 households, and 178 families residing in the city. The population density was 152.8 people per square mile (59.0/km²). There were 290 housing units at an average density of 73.6 per square mile (28.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.34% White, 0.33% African American, 0.17% Asian, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population.

There were 254 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 35.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,250, and the median income for a family was $77,633. Males had a median income of $51,705 versus $37,232 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,383. About 3.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.


Marine on St. Croix Historic District
Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota is located in Minnesota
Location: Roughly bounded by the St. Croix River, RR tracks, and Kennedy and Spruce Sts., Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°11′49″N 92°46′25″W / 45.19694°N 92.77361°W / 45.19694; -92.77361Coordinates: 45°11′49″N 92°46′25″W / 45.19694°N 92.77361°W / 45.19694; -92.77361
Area: 450 acres (180 ha)
Built: 1839
Architectural style: Greek Revival, Italianate, Swedish vernacular
Governing body: Local
MPS: Washington County MRA (AD)
NRHP Reference#: 74001043[4]
Added to NRHP: June 28, 1974

Marine on St. Croix was founded in 1839 as Marine Mills. The city was the site of the first commercial sawmill on the St. Croix River.[5] The sawmill was built by Illinois lumbermen David Hone and Lewis Judd, who saw the opportunity to cut the St. Croix River valley's abundant white pine. They named the mill after their hometown of Marine, Illinois. The mill began operation in August 1839, making it the first commercial sawmill within Minnesota. It was first powered by water and then by steam, and it operated through 1895. Over 197,000,000 board feet (460,000 m3) of lumber was milled through this sawmill. Although the frame buildings were demolished and the sawmill equipment was sold, footings of the buildings are still visible. The Marine Mill site is now a historic site operated by the Minnesota Historical Society.[6]

The city retains several historic sites in addition to the Marine Mill, such as the General Store, built in 1870; the Stone House Museum, built in 1872; the Village Hall, built in 1888; the Lutheran Church; and the Fire Hall.[5] A substantial portion of the city is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is designated a historic site by the State of Minnesota.[4][7]


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