List of Armenians from Nagorno-Karabakh


List of Armenians from Nagorno-Karabakh

List of Armenians from Nagorno Karabakh


=Shushi=

cientists

*Artashes Arakelian (1909-1993) Economist, Armenian Science Academy Member (1960). Chaired the Regional Planning Division of NKAO, a researcher at Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics. He headed the Economy Institute of Armenian Science Academy and authored numerous researches. He has an international reputation as an economist.

*Margar Arustamov (1854-1904) Epidemiologist, doctor of medicine (1889), a graduate of Saint-Petersburg Medical Academy, participant in Russian-Turkish war, he was actively involved in cholera elimination in Astrakhan in late 19th century. An author of numerous researches, he is buried in Shoushi.

*Ruben Avanesov (1902-1990) linguist, corresponding member of USSR Academy of Sciences, was a chairman of the Academic Council of Language History and Dialect Studies of USSR Science Academy. He was the author of "“Modern Russian Grammar”" as well as of a number of works on Russian dialects. Recipient of the USSR State Award, the Order of the Badge of Honor.

*Baatur Baatrian (1872-1934) Mathematician, a graduate of Geneva University and Ghent University, Baatrian taught mathematics in Echmiadzin Seminary and Yerevan State University and authored a number of researches.

*Gevorg Bakunts (1913-1987) Electromechanics professional, PhD, an inventor emeritus, Bakunts was the director of Armenian Energy Department and Armenian Nuclear Energy Supervision Department, he had researches on automation of energy systems.

*Hovnan Gabrielian (1876-1946) Pediatrician, scientist emeritus, professor (1930). A graduate of Moscow Medical Academy, Gabrielian was the founder of pediatry departments at Yerevan and Baku medical institutes, authored valuable researches on prevention of a number of children diseases.

*Haik Gyulikekhvian (1886-1951) Philosopher, literary critic, public figure, studied at Zurich University, was a graduate of Heidelberg University Philosophy Department, a professor and provost of YSU.

*Pavel Zurabian (1874-1942) Architect. Designed a number of buildings in Tiflis (Aramiants’), in Abastuman, Borjomi, Gagri.

*Vache Isaguliants (1893-1973) Chemist, member of Establishing Council of Armenia Science Academy (1943). Isaguliants taught at Yerevan and Moscow universities, is an author of many researches and inventions, also on creation of aromatic synthetic materials.

*Arakel Babakhanian (1860-1932) Prominent historian, publicist, writer, critic, professors, the author of the many-volume “History of Armenia”. Leo addressed the difficult issues of Armenian history, history of literature and many key issues of early 20th century.

*Ivan Knuniants (1906-1990) Major chemist, a member of the USSR SA (1953), Major General, four times an awardee of the USSR State Award. Knuniants authored 200 researches. In chemical science he introduced historical changes and significantly contributed to the advancement of Soviet Chemistry.

*Ruben Hambardzumian (1911-1971) Metallurgist, physical chemist, corresponding member of USSR SA (1966), was employed by the All-Union Institute of Aviation Materials. Three times an awardee of the USSR State Award.

*Hakob Hovhannisian (1875-1941) Chemist, professor (1925), scientist emeritus (1935). A graduate of Berlin University, Hovhannisian lectured at Shoushi, in 1922-1930 he headed YSU, in 1930-1936 was the director of Medical Institute, authored a number of researches.

*Zaven Melik-Tangiev (1905-1966) Technology engineer was the Chief Engineer of Azerbaijani Institute of Oil Research. Melik-Tangiev was the first to design and construct a settlement-plant of oil production in open sea (Neftyanye Kamni). One of the ships of the Caspian navy bore his name.

*Hovhannes Melik-Pashaev (1889-1935) Energy engineer designed the first Soviet hydropower plants (Zemo-Avchali, Rion, Yerevan, Leninakan, Stepanakert) as well as the Chirchik hydrocomplex in Uzbekistan.

*Haik Mirzabekian (1893-1971) Hygiene doctors, PhD, professor, a graduate of Kiev University. Mirzabekian founded the hygiene and preventive treatment hair at Yerevan Medical Institute. In 1942-1945 he headed the Military Hospital in Yerevan.

*Mkrtich Yuzbashian (1882-1961) Electro-mechanic engineer, a graduate of Darmstadt Polytechnic Institute (Germany), was the director of Electrotechnic Plant in Tiflis. In 1930 he managed the work of introducing the first tram lines in Yerevan and foundation of the tram administration. Yuzbashian is the author of the first electrotechnics textbook, published in Armenian language.

*Simon Yuzbashian (1886-1960) Animalist, evolutionist, professor (1929г.). A graduate of Freiburg University (Germany) Yuzbashian taught at universities of Tiflis. He founded the chair of genetics at Yerevan Institute of Zoology and Veterinary, was the director of the Biology Institute of Armenian SA.

*Gevond Shakarian (1900-1961) Economist, PhD, professor, worked at State Planning Department, headed the Economics Chair of Yerevan State University, was the dean of the Economics Department, authored a number of researches.

*Khoren Sargsian (1891-1970) Writer, critic, doctor of philology, professor, a graduate of Saint-Petersburg University, Sargsian was the director of the Literature Institute of Armenian SA (1943-1947), authored publications on Terian, Shant, Zorian, Sayat-Nova.

*Simeon Sarkisov (1895-1971) Neurophysiologist, neuromorphologist, member of the USSR Medical Science Academy. In 1928-1968 Sarkisov was the director of Moscow Brain Research Institute, a member of several academies.

*Levon Varduni (1898-1975) Teacher, scientist emeritus, headed the Yerevan Distance Teacher Training Institute and Foreign Language Institute, was the director of School Research Institute.

*Isai Varuntsian (1898-…) Botanist-selectionist, member of the USSR Academy of Agriculture. Varuntsian launched the Azerbaijani Cotton Cultivation Institute, was the head of department in the USSR Ministry of Agriculture. Varuntsian was the academic secretary of the USSR Academy of Agriculture. An Awardee of the USSR State Award.

*Armen Takhtajian (1910-…) Botanist, member of USSR SA. Takhtajian worked for Yerevan and Leningrad Universities, headed several departments of Botany Institute of Armenian SA, presided over international associations, member in a number of foreign academies. Takhtajian is an author of numerous publications, including a two-volume “Supreme Plants” book.

*Hovsep Ter-Astvatsatrian (1886-1938) Hydroenergy engineer, a graduate of Saint-Petersburg Civil Engineering Institute. Ter-Astvatsatrian headed DzoraHPP and KanakerHPP, designed the Sevan-Hrazdan Cascade, founded “Hydroproject” institute.

*Ghazar Ter-Ghazarian (1874-1958) Chemist, PhD (1906), professor (1935г.), the father of academician E. Ghazarian. A graduate of Geneva University, Ter-Ghazarian headed a physical chemistry laboratory there. He is the founder of non-organic chemistry at Yerevan State University (1934), was the dean of the Chemistry Dean.

*Ashot Ter-Mkrtchian (1891-1953) Mathematician, mechanical engineer, professor (1930), scientist emeritus (1940), is a graduate of Kharkov University and Don Polytechnic Institute. Ter-Mkrtchian lectures at YSU, Polytechnic and Pedagogical Institute.

*Bogdan Pirumov (1888-1959) Engineer, a graduate of Saint-Petersburg Civil Engineering Institute. Pirumov managed the construction of Yerevan-Agstafa railway, made a huge contribution into the construction of railways, bridges, tunnels in Transcaucasia, has inventions.

*Christophor Pirumov (1895-1985) Parasitologist, the founder of sanitary and epidemiology service of Armenia, PhD, professor. Pirumov was a graduate of Kiev University, headed the Yerevan Tropical Institute, a chair at Medical Institute, was the Chief Parasitologist of the Ministry of Health of Armenia.

*Gurgen Kamalian (1909-1973) Biochemist, the founder of agricultural biochemistry in Armenia, PhD, professor. In 1955-1972 Kamalian headed the Yerevan Zoology and Veterinary Institute.

Writers and Artists

*Stepan Aghajanian (1863-1940) Prominent Armenian artist, Aghajanian studied in Shoushi, Baku, Marcel and Paris Academy of Fine Arts. He is one of the main figures in Armenian fine arts of the 20th century, practiced various genres and was particularly distinguished as a portrait artist.

*Freidun Aghalian (1876-1944) Architect, a graduate of Shoushi Real School and Department of Architecture of Imperial Institute of Civil Engineers in Saint-Petersburg. By his designs the buildings of secondary school, maternity hospital, treasure in Baku and Armenian Church in Armavir were built. In Yerevan Aghalian designed residential buildings in Mashtots and Hanrapetutian avenues, the administrative building of Kanaker HPP, etc; taught at universities.

*Alexander Alexandrian (1889-1975) Composer, People’s Artist of Armenia, Alexandrian was a tar player in Shoushi Folk Ensemble. He taught at Yerevan Conservatory, led the instrumental part of the Folk Ensemble of Armenian Philharmony. He is the author of well-known dancing tunes “Dilijan”, “Nazeli”, “Sevani”, “Nune” and others.

*Margarit Alexanian (1839-1902) Well-known miniature artist. Echmiadzin Museum stores a rare New Testament that the artist had written and decorated, working five years at it (1867-1872). Alexandrian is also the author of several works that had received high assessment from press and prominent people. Alexandrian is buried in Shoushi.

*Haik Avetov (1878-1965) Architect. Avetov mostly worked in Leninakan, where he designed the buildings of nursery school, the administrative building of the textile plant, maternity hospital, sewing factory, kindergarten, residential building of a stocking factory and a number of other residential buildings.

*Artashes Arzumanian (1898-1985) People’s Artist of Armenia and Azerbaijan, Arzumanian worked at Armenian theaters of Baku and Stepanakert, then at Leninakan State Theater (since 1956).

*Ashot Arzumanian (1913-1994) Writer, publicist, Arzumanian wrote about the literary and cultural contacts of Armenian and Russian people. He authored books “Friendship”, “Orbeli Brothers”, “Byurakan Eye”, “Steel Secret”, “Admiral” and others.

*Mikael Arutchian (1897-1961) Artist, founder of theater and decorative arts. Arutchian studied at Law Department of Berlin University, further continued his studies at Paris Academy of Fine Arts. He was the Chief Artist of Sundukian Academic Theater and Spendiarian Theater of Opera and Ballet.

*Eghishe Baghdasarian (1881-1919) Composer, choir conductor, music and public figure, Baghdasarian founded the Moscow Armenian Choir Society, taught at Lazarev seminary, made musical collections. He is also an author of popular songs.

*Arev Baghdasarian (1918-1994) People’s Artist of Armenia. For her unique singing and dancing Baghdasarian enjoyed great popularity and was a soloist of Armenian Philharmony for many years.
*Gurgen Borian (1915-1971) Poet, playwright, state figure, Borian was the editor of “Grakan Tert” newspaper and “Literaturnaya Armenia” magazine, the secretary of the Writers’ Union of Armenia. He authored poetry, plays (“On the Bridge”, “Sharing a Roof”) and a script to “Saroyan Brothers” film.

*Gurgen Gabrielian (1903-1956) Well-known actor, Gabrielian worked at Sundukian Theater. His roles in “Zangezur”, “On the Road of Thunder”, “Gold Bull” movies are unforgettable. Gabrielian is an Awardee of the USSR State Award.

*Hakob Gyurjian (1881-1948) Well-known sculptor, Gyurjian studied at the Studio of Auguste Rodin. He is the author of over 300 sculpture portraits (Shaliapin, Rakhmaninov, Beethoven, Terian, Yakulova, Sarian, etc.). His sculptures “Diana”, “Nude woman”, “Adolescence” and many others are famous.

*Hovhannes Ionnesian (1881-1938) Conductor organized the first folk ensemble in Azerbaijan, as well as other musical bands.

*Daniel Kazarian (1883-1958) A well-known composer, conductor, singer, teacher, he founded music studios in Leninakan and Batumi, authored a number of popular songs.

*Arshak Kostanian (1865-1920) Opera singer (lyrical-dramatic tenor), studied at Kazan University, took vocal training in Italy. Kostanian performed at opera stages in Varnish, Kharkov, Kazan, Irrupts, Sartor and Moscow.

*Semen Hakhumian (1930-…) A descendant of the Hakhumiants dynasty, who made big donations for the prosperity of Shoushi – it suffices to remember Meghretsots church and Mariamian Girls’ School. His father, Tigran Hakhumian, was a well-known scientists, theater critic, translator. Semen Hakhumian is a PhD, professor, was YSU prorector, Minister of Education of Armenia, the Rector of Brusov Institute of Foreign Languages, authored numerous monogrpahies and articles.

*Simeon Hakhumian (1859-1905) Publicist, writer, translator, Hakhumian graduated from Shoushi Diocese School, studied at Sorbonne University. He published “Gorts” newspaper in Shoushi, and “Vremya” in Paris. Hakhumian headed the Shoushi theatrical group, was the director of the Armenian theater in Baku (1897-1898), translated works by Ibsen.

*Mikael Harutiunian (1918-1987) Poet, author of numerous poetry books, with the most prominent being “Karabakh tunes”, “Belief” books. Harutiunian also wrote dramas, edited books, worked for the Editorial Board of Armenian Encyclopedia.

*Bala Melikian (1888-1935) Tar player, son of famous Shoushi tar player Grigor (1859-1929), a distinguished performer.

*Kostandin Melik-Shakhnazarian (1857-1940) Writer, agriculture professional, Melik-Shakhnazarian studied in France, worked in Derbent, Gandzak, Yevlakh, Baku. He wrote satirical articles in “Nor Dar” under the pen name of Tmblachi Khachan, published ethnographic works about Karabakh.

*Arsen Terteryan (1882 - 1953). Soviet Armenian literary critic, academic of Science Academy of Armenia, awarded by the "Renowned scientist" title (1940).

*Soghomon Melik-Shahnazarian (1862-1942) Writer of rural life was a teacher in Agulis, Gandzak, Derbent, Baku, Melik-Shahnazarian wrote a number of books.

*Alexander Melik-Pashaev (1905-1964) Prominent conductor, People’s Artist of USSR (1951), Melik-Pashaev was born in Tiflis, in a family of a Shoushian. In 1930 he graduated from Leningrad Conservatory. In 1923-1931 he was the conductor of Tbilisi Opera Theater, sine 1931 he was the conductor, and in 1953-1962 he was the Chief Conductor of the USSR Bolshoy Theater. An Awardee of the USSR State Award.

*Muratsan (1854-1908) Prominent writer, he studied at Shoushi Diocese School. Muratsan is the author of many books, including “Gevorg Marzpetuni” novel, is one of the most famous figures in Armenian literature.

*Tigran Shamirkhanian (1899-1952) Director, People’s Artist of Armenia, Shamirkhanian performed as an artist at Sundukian Theater, and in 1934-1943 he was the artistic director and general director. After that he became the Chief Director of Yerevan Theater for Adolescents, the Chairman of Armenian Theater society.
*Arfo Petrosian (1909-1985) Literary critic, Petrosian was deputy head of Department for Arts at the USSR Council of Ministers, Deputy Director of Gorkiy Institute of World Literature, the Chief Editor of “USSR People’s Epics” series.

*Samvel Safarian (1902-1969) Architect, USSR Architecture Academy member, Safarian worked with Tamanian, was the head of several architecture studios, the Chairman of the Union of Architects of Armenia. By his design the second building of the Houses of Government in Yerevan, building of the Academy of Science, Burakan Observatory, Leninakan Theater were built.

*Vagharsh Vagharshian (1894-1959) Director, playwright, actor, theater and public figure, People’s Artist of USSR (1954). Vagharshian graduated from the Diocese School in Shoushi, worked at Armenian theater crews of Baku, since 1923 he performed at Sundukian Theater, in 1941-1944 he was the artistic director of the Theater, starred in a number of films. Twice an Awardee of the USSR State Award.

*Simon Ter-Hakobiants Architect, built the Temple of Savior Ghazanchetsots (in 1868-1887) in Shoushi, a masterpiece of Armenian architecture.

Public Figures

*Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan (1886 - 1937). Soviet Armenian statesman and politician. In 1928-1935 he was the Prime-Minister (chairman of Sovnarcom) of Armenian SSR.

*Ivane Atabekian (Meliq Vani) (1766 – 1854). Prince, a prominent Armenian political and military figure, the last ruler of the principality of Jraberd.

*Alexander Bekzadyan (1879 - 1938). Soviet statesman. In 1920-21 the deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Armenia, Minister of Foreign affairs of Soviet Armenia. In 1926-30 deputy chairman of Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Republic government and Minister of Trade. The Ambassador of USSR in Norwege and Hungary.

*Alexander Atabekian (1868 – 1933). A prominent political figure, anarchist, author and publisher of anarchist literature.

*Grigor Arakelian, Mirza Arakelian, Simon Arakelians Well-known benefactors, they donated money to build in 1889 the city water pipe and the Higher Source. They also constructed the building of Real School, the front of which bears the inscription in Russian: “The building was constructed in 1901-1908 through donations by the honorable citizen of Grigoriy Arakelov”.

*Hambardzum Arakelian (Shakhriar) (1855-1918) Public and political figure, writer, publicist, teacher, Arakelian was the inspector of Real School and Diocese School of Shoushi. He founded the Shoushi branch of Caucasus Armenian Charity Union. In 1915 in Tiflis Arakelian set up a Commission to help Armenian refugees. He published “Aror” newspaper, compiled an Encyclopedic Dictionary. Arakelian was killed in Tiflis.

*Mikael Aramiants (1839-1924) Well-known benefactor, Shoushian. Through Arakelian’s donations one of the hospitals in Tbilisi was built and named after him – Aramiants’ Hospital.

*Artashes Babalian (1887-1959) Doctor, politician, a member of Government of the First Armenian Republic.

*Armenak Grigorian (1887-1944) A figure of Armenian national liberation movement, Grigorian received military education in Saint-Petersburg. He was a commander of a volunteer troop and fought against Turkish army, took part in battles of Sardarapat and Zangezur.

*Abraham Dastakian (1864-1939) Public and political figure, member and chairman of Armenian National Council of Baku (1919), minister of health of the democratic government of Azerbaijan (1919). Dastakian left Baku in 1920, he died and is buried in Paris.

*Movses Zorapiants (1816-1874) Public figure, benefactor, founder of Armenian Humanitarian Society of Baku (1864). Zorapiants is buried in Baku.

*Tadevos Tamiriants (1832-1899) A public figure, benefactor, Tamiriants built an 18 km water pipe and main reservoir with his money. These facilities were in use until 1996. Tamiriants willed 1 million rubles to Shoushi, of which 900 thousand were left to schools and 100 thousand to children of the poor and to orphans. The black marble obelisk on his grave survived in Ghazanchetsots Church till 1990.

*Harutiun Tumian (1883-1982) Teacher, journalist, Tumian was a graduate of Saint-Petersburg Trade Institute and History and Philology Department of Kiev University. He was a military commissar in Karabakh government, worked for a number of newspapers in Armenia, headed the department of education and deputy chairman of Committee for Protection of Historical Monuments of Armenia. Tumian is the author of a monograph “Developments in Nagorny Karabakh in 1917-1920”.

*Tuman Tumian (1879-1906) An active participant of Armenian national liberation movement, Tumian published “Kokon” newspaper in Shoushi. He was engaged in gathering volunteer troops in Western Armenia. Tumian was killed in action. Poet Avetik Isahakian dedicated his famous song “Vorskan Akhper” to Tumian.

*Isahak Zhamgariants (1822-1902) One of the richest people of Shoushi, mecenate, Zhamgariants built a hospital in Shoushi, distinctive for its architecture solution and good facilities.

*Yeghishe Ishkhanian (1886-1975) A prominent state, political figure, member and Chairman of Armenian National Council of Karabakh in 1918-1919, an advocate of unification of Karabakh and Armenia. In June 1919 Ishkhanian was exiled from Shoushi by the British Mission for anti-Azerbaijani activities. He held a number of positions in the government of the First Armenian Republic. After the failure of the February rebellion in 1921 he departed abroad. Ishkhanian died in New York.

*Javad Ishkhanian (1848-1911) Teacher, education professional, Ishkhanian studied in Saint-Petersburg and Moscow Universities, was an inspector of Shoushi Diocese School, the director of Mariamian School, was elected mayor of Shoushi. He is buried in Shoushi, at Meghretsots church yard.

*Mkrtich Khandamirian (1854-1915) A famous benefactor and public figure, Khandamirian built Shoushi Theater seating 350 people in 1891.

*Ludwig Knuniants (1876-1952) A graduate of Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Knuniants was involved in revolutionary movement, is the brother of revolutionary Bogdan Knuniants and the father of Ivan Knuniants. He was engaged in oil and gas industry.

*Parandzem Knuniants (Rizel) (1885-1971) A participant of revolutionary movements, Knuniants worked in 1924-1957 for the USSR Radio Committee, was the editor of “Radio Professional”, headed the Political Department of USSR Navy.

*Kosti Hambardzumian (…-1918) National ideologist and public figure, Hambardzumian was knows as Mr. Kosti. He died in a fight for Van.

*Baghdasar Metropolite Hasan-Jalalian (1775-1854) National clerical figure, the founder and benefactor of Armenian clerical Diocese School of Shoushi, Hasan Jalalian was the last known priest of Hasan-Jalalian dynasty, bore the title of “metropolite”. In 1837 he founded the Karabakh diocese in Shoushi, coming to replace the Albanian Catholicosate. Hasan-Jalalian is buried in the churchyard of Gandzasar Temple.

*Abraham Ghukasian One of the richest people of Shoushi, patron of arts and benefactor.

*Abraham Ghukasian (…-1919) Public figure, chairman of Armenian National Council of Baku (1918-1919). Ghukasian is buried in Baku.

*Avetis Ghukasian (1837-1902) One of the richest people of Shoushi, benefactor, made major donations to churches and educational institutions, Ghukasian was the founder of a literary prize and “Ghukasian” foundation. According to his will, he was buried in the yard of the main church of Tiflis temple, next to the museum he had built himself.

*Arshak Ghukasian (…-1917) One of the richest people of Shoushi, benefactor, patron of numerous educational and public events, deputy of Baku Duma, chairman (1917) of Armenian National Council of Baku.

*Poghos Ghukasian (1858-1937) State and public figure, long time chairman of the Council of conferences of oil producers of Baku, founder and chairman of a number of societies, including “Moscow Caucasus Society” and “Trade Industrial Bank” in Saint-Petersburg. Since 1905 Ghukasian lived in Saint-Petersburg, was elected a member of the State Council of Russia from Caucasus industry. After the October Revolution he moved to Paris. Ghukasian was the Officer of Trade and Industry Association. He died and is buried in Paris.

*Aram Manukian (1879-1918) A prominent Armenian statesman, Manukian headed the defense of Van, worked for the National Bureau of Tiflis, made an important contribution to the strengthening of the first Armenian Republic, was the Interior Minister. A brilliant speaker, an excellent leader, a great patriot.

*Papiants Family The father of the family, Christophor (Khachatur) in 1850s moved from Shoushi to Bessarabia, the city of Akerman. His son Alexander (1874-1921) was a poet, music critic, writer. His daughter Yelena (1879-1944) was a doctor, was shot dead by Nazi soldiers in Moldavia. Andrey (1876-1900) was a revolutionary, died during the rebellion at “Potemkin” armored ship. Levon (1881-1919) was the first head of the Soviet Red Cross, was killed in action, and son Mihran (1883-1910) was a doctor, who caught typhoid fever from his patients and died.

*Misak Petrosian (1886-1916) Poet, teacher, Petrosian founded “Rainbow” magazine in Shoushi, was a critic and led the literary societies of Shoushi.

*Rubeni (Alexander Tsaturian) (1881-1920) Revolutionary, in 1913 he was the inspector of Shoushi Diocese School, participated in the revolution movement of 1920. Rubeni was killed by Turks during the so-called Musavatist rebellion.

*Spandar Spandarian (1849-1922) A public figure, publicist, editor and publisher, the father of Bolshevik revolutionary Suren Spandarian. Spandarian graduated from Leipzig University, in 1883 he published “Nor Dar” newspaper. He authored numerous articles and political publications.

Military

*Hrant Avagian (1924-…) Soviet Union Hero (1946), born in a Shoushian family. The Hero title was conferred for courage displayed in the battle for Berlin.

*Ruben Bagirov (1908-1978) Soviet Union Hero (1944). During the World War II Bagirov was a platoon commander. The Hero title was conferred for courage during the crossing of the Visla.

*Hovhannes Dadalov (1918-…) Major General of medical service (1960), Dadalov took part in World War II, later served in Germany as the head of medical service of the Soviet Army. Subsequently he headed the Military Medicine Academy in Leningrad.

*Bagrat Isahakian (1904-1974) Major General of armor and tank troops (1954). During World War II he headed a regiment, a division, later served in a number of military districts.

*Ivan Lazarev (1820-1879) Prince, an Armenian officer of the Russian army, lieutenant general, Lazarev took part in Russian-Turkish war (1877-1878), headed the Bayragdag troops, then was the commander of the corps that siege and conquered Kars, commanded Caucasus corps.

*Atabek Atabekian. Prince, colonel, son of meliq Ivane (Vani) Atabekian, participated in the Crimean War of 1853-1856.

*Andrey Atabekian (1766 – 1854). Prince, general, son of Atabek Atabekian, a prominent Armenian military figure in the Russian Empire. IN 1870 graduated from the Alexandrian Third Military College, then from the Mikhailovskoye Artillery Academy. Participated in the Russian-Turkish War in 1877-1878. Finished his career as the Commander-in-Chief of artillery of the Moscow Military District.

*Andranik Kazarian (1904-1992) Major General, Soviet Union Hero (1943). During World War II he headed a regiment, a brigade, a division. Kazarian took part in the liberation of Kongsberg, was the representative of Soviet commandment in Manchuria.

*Sergei Khudyakov (1906-1950) was a Soviet Armenian chief Marshal of the Air Force during World War II.

*Konstantin Nazarov (1923-…) Major General of artillery, Soviet Union Hero (1945), born in a family of a Shoushian. During World War II Nazarov headed an air defense troop, then served in military districts.

*Nelson Stepanyan (1913-1944) Twice a Soviet Union Hero, pilot, lieutenant colonel, made 239 battle flights, sank 53 ships, destroyed 80 tanks, 600 vehicles, 27 planes. Stepanian was called “Thunderbird of the Baltic”. A monument to Nelson Stepanian is erected in Shoushi.

*Ruben Ter-Sahakov (1906-…) Major General (1962), born in Tbilisi in a family of Shoushian. During World War II Ter-Sahakov took an active part in organization of Transcaucasian Air Defense, headed the communications division of the military district.

Stepanakert

* André (singer) First artist to represent Armenia in the Eurovision Song Contest(2006)
* Armen Abaghian Atomic energy specialist, Doctor of Technical Sciences, member of Russian Academy of Sciences.
* Don Askarian Filmmaker, recipient of the Golden Camera Award for Life Achievement at Int. ART Film Festival, Slovakia.
* Samvel Babayan Commander in Chief of the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army from 1994 to 2000
* Zori Balayan Novelist, journalist, sports-doctor, traveler and sports expert
* Arkadi Ghukasyan Third president of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
* Arayik Harutyunyan Current Prime Minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
* Bako Sahakyan Forth president of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

References

* [http://slovari.yandex.ru/dict/bse Great Soviet Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.shushi.org/en/famous_git.php Famous Shoushians]


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