1580s in England


1580s in England

Events from the 1580s in England.

Incumbents

Monarch - Elizabeth I of England

Events

* 1580
** 6 April - Dover Straits earthquake of 1580.
** June - England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Empire.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=230–233]
** 6 July - New building banned within three miles of the City of London.
** 7 July - Robert Parsons and Edmund Campion begin a Jesuit mission in an attempt to restore Roman Catholicism to England.
** 26 September - Francis Drake returns from his voyage of circumnavigation on the "Golden Hind".cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 1581
** March - Act against Reconciliation to Rome establishes heavy fines for recusancy or attending Catholic Mass.
** 4 April - Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I.
** 1 December - execution of the Jesuit priest Edmund Campion for treason.
* 1582
** 29 November - marriage of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway.
* 1583
** 10 March - Queen Elizabeth's Men troupe of actors founded.
** August - John Whitgift enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
** 5 August - Sir Humphrey Gilbert, in what is now the city of St John's, Newfoundland, claims the island of Newfoundland on behalf of England.
** December - Francis Throckmorton's plot to invade England with the assistance of Henry I, Duke of Guise and replace Elizabeth with Mary I of Scotland is discovered by Francis Walsingham.
** Lord Chamberlain's Men troupe of actors formed.
* 1584
** 10 July - execution of Francis Throckmorton.
** 19 October - Bond of Association; thousands pledge to defend Queen Elizabeth, and avenge any successful assassination attempt.
** December - Jesuits and seminary priests banned.
** Emmanuel College, Cambridge established by Walter Mildmay.
* 1585
** 2 March - William Parry executed for plotting Queen Elizabeth's murder.
** 19 May - Spain seizes English ships in Spanish ports.
** 7 July - England establishes the Roanoke Colony in North America.
** 14 August - Queen Elizabeth establishes a protectorate over the Netherlands.
** 20 August - The Treaty of Nonsuch is signed, committing England to support for the Dutch Revolt against Habsburg rule.
** Walter Raleigh knighted.
* 1586
** 4 February - Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester accepts the title governor of the Netherlands.
** July - Thomas Cavendish sets out on a voyage of circumnavigation.
** 1 July - Treaty of Berwick agreed between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.
** 17 July - Walsingham uncovers the Babington Plot to murder Elizabeth.
** 28 July - Thomas Harriot returns from a voyage to Colombia with the first potatoes.
** 20 September - execution of Anthony Babington, John Ballard, Chidiock Tichborne, Thomas Salisbury and the other conspirators in the Babington Plot.
** 22 September - Philip Sidney mortally wounded at the Battle of Zutphen; he dies on 17 October.
** 15 October to 25 October - Mary, Queen of Scots placed on trial for corresponding with Babington; sentenced to death.
** William Camden publishes his pioneering antiquarian study "Britannia".
* 1587
** 8 February - Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded at Fotheringay Castle.
** 1 March - Peter Wentworth imprisoned for demanding freedom of speech.
** 19 April - Sir Francis Drake raids Cádiz in Spain delaying the sending of the Spanish Armada.
** 22 July - Roanoke Colony: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
** 21 December - Lord Howard of Effingham given command of both army and navy in the war against Spain.
** The Rose theatre is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.
** Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" first performed in London. [cite book |title= The Hutchinson Factfinder |publisher= Helicon |year= 1999 |isbn= 1-85986-000-1 ]
* 1588
** 31 May - Spanish Armada sets sail from Tagus estuary in attempted invasion of England.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 160-162|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
** 19 July - The Armada is sighted off The Lizard in Cornwall; the news is relayed to London via a series of beacons built along the south coast.
** 8 August
*** Queen Elizabeth makes her speech to the Troops at Tilbury.
*** The English fleet defeats the Armada near Gravelines.
** Marprelate Controversy: a war of pamphlets between Presbyterians and supporters of the established church.
* 1589
** 13 April - An English Armada led by Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norreys sets sail to attack Spain.

Births

* 1580
** February - John Digby, 1st Earl of Bristol, diplomat (died 1653)
** 8 April - William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, courtier (died 1630)
** 15 April - George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, politician and colonizer (died 1623)
** 18 April - (baptism) Thomas Middleton, playwright (died 1627)
** 24 August - John Taylor, poet (died 1654)
** 4 December - Samuel Argall, adventurer and naval officer (died 1626)
** Edward Fairfax, translator (died 1635)
* 1581
** Edmund Gunter, mathematician (died 1621)
** Thomas Overbury, poet and essayist (died 1613)
* 1582
** 28 May - William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, statesman (died 1662)
** John Bainbridge, astronomer (died 1648)
** Richard Corbet, poet (died 1635)
** William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh (died 1643)
** Phineas Fletcher, poet (died 1650)
** William Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury (died 1663)
** Thomas Moulson, Lord Mayor of London (died 1638)
** Francis Windebank, politician (died 1646)
* 1583
** 3 March - Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, diplomat, poet and philosopher (died 1648)
** 17 December - Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, adventurer and soldier (killed in battle) (died 1642)
** 25 December - Orlando Gibbons, composer (died 1625)
** John Beaumont, poet (died 1627)
** Philip Massinger, dramatist (died 1640)
** Aurelian Townshend, poet (died 1643)
* 1584
** 29 March - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, parliamentary general (died 1648)
** 13 August - Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, politician (died 1640)
** 16 December - John Selden, jurist (died 1654)
** William Baffin, explorer (died 1622)
** Francis Beaumont, dramatist (died 1616)
** John Hales, theologian (died 1656)
** Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull (died 1643)
** John Pym, parliamentarian (died 1643)
* 1585
** October – John Ball, puritan divine (died 1640)
* 1586
** 17 April - John Ford, dramatist and poet (died 1640)
** 7 July - Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, courtier (died 1646)
** 14 August - William Hutchinson, founder of Rhode Island (died 1642)
** Giles Fletcher, poet (died 1623)
** Gerard de Malynes, merchant (died 1641)
** John Mason, explorer (died 1635)
* 1587
** 5 June - Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, colonial administrator and admiral (died 1658)
** July - George Yeardley, colonial administrator in America (died 1627)
** Nathaniel Field, dramatist and actor (died 1620)
** Francis Kynaston, courtier and poet (died 1642)
** Robert Sanderson, Bishop of Lincoln (died 1663)
* 1588
** 5 April - Thomas Hobbes, philosopher (died 1679)
** 11 June - George Wither, poet and satirist (died 1667)
** 18 June - Robert Crowley, printer and poet
** 10 September - Nicholas Lanier, composer (died 1666)
** John Danvers, politician (died 1655)
** Robert Filmer, political writer (died 1653)
** Accepted Frewen, churchman (died 1664)

Deaths

* 1580
** 30 November - Richard Farrant, composer (born 1530)
** Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, nobleman (born 1511)
** Thomas Tusser, poet and farmer (born 1524)
** John Heywood, dramatist (born 1497)
* 1581
** 22 July - Richard Cox, bishop (born 1500)
** 1 December
*** Edmund Campion, Jesuit (executed) (born 1540)
*** Ralph Sherwin, Catholic saint (executed) (born 1550)
** Nicholas Sanders, Catholic priest and historian (born 1530)
* 1583
** 9 June - Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland (born 1525)
** 6 July - Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1519)
** 9 September - Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer (born c. 1537)
* 1584
** 10 March - Thomas Norton, politician and writer (born 1532)
** 10 July - Francis Throckmorton, conspirator against Queen Elizabeth I (born 1554)
** 12 July - Steven Borough, explorer (born 1525)
** 23 July - John Day, Protestant printer (born 1522)
* 1585
** 16 January - Edward Fiennes Clinton, admiral (born 1512)
** 6 February - Edmund Plowden, legal scholar (born 1518)
** 3 April - Thomas Goldwell, ecclesiastic
** 21 JuneHenry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland (born 1532)
** 6 July - Thomas Aufield, Catholic martyr (born 1552)
** 28 JulyFrancis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford (born 1527)
** 23 November - Thomas Tallis, English composer (born c. 1510)
* 1586
** 24 March - Margaret Clitherow, Catholic saint and martyr (born 1556)
** 5 May - Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (born 1529)
** 12 July - Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley (born 1525)
** 20 September
*** Sir Anthony Babington, Catholic conspirator (executed) (born 1561)
*** Chidiock Tichborne, conspirator and poet (executed) (born 1558)
** 17 October - Sir Philip Sidney, English poet, courtier, and soldier (born 1554)
* 1587
** January - Thomas Seckford, official (born 1515)
** 30 March - Ralph Sadler, statesman (born 1507)
** 8 April - John Foxe, author (born 1516)
** 14 April - Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (born 1548)
** 16 April - Anne Stanhope, Duchess of Somerset (born 1497)
** Dudley Fenner, puritan divine (born c. 1558)
** George Whetstone, writer (born 1544)
* 1588
** 18 June - Robert Crowley, London stationer (born 1517)
** 30 August - Margaret Ward, saint (year of birth unknown)
** 3 September - Richard Tarlton, actor (born 1530)
** 4 September - Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, politician (born 1532)
** 1 October - Edward James, Catholic martyr, executed at Chichester (born c. 1557)
** Edwin Sandys, prelate (born 1519)
* 1589
** 21 February - Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick (born c. 1528)

References

ee also


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