- Gerardo Chiaromonte
Gerardo Chiaromonte (
Naples, November 29, 1924– Vico Equense, April 7, 1993) was an Italian Communist politician, journalist and writer.
He was born into a poor family from
Roccanova, a small village in the province of Potenza. After obtaining a degree in engineering he moved to Milan in 1945 and became involved in the Italian resistance movement, a partisan force against the German occupation and remaining Italian Fascist forces of the Italian Social Republic(RSI) during World War II.
In 1945 he became a member of the
Italian Communist Party("Partito Comunista Italiano", PCI). Chiaromonte’s political ideas were somewhat moderate in the context of the PCI. He belonged to the so-called "meliorist wing" ("corrente migliorista") of the party, whose members notably included Giorgio Napolitano, Giorgio Amendola, Nilde Iottiand Emanuele Macaluso. The term "migliorista" (from "migliore", Italian for "better") was coined with a slightly mocking intent. In 1991 he supported the transformation of the PCI in the Democratic Party of the Left("Partito democratico della Sinistra", PDS).
In 1963 he was elected in the
Italian Chamber of Deputiesand in 1968 for the Italian Senate. He remained a senator until his death in 1993, heading the Communist group in the Senate from 1983-1986. From 1986-1988 he was the director of the party's newspaper l'Unita.
In March 1988, Chiaromonte became the president of the
Antimafia Commission. [it icon [http://www.camera.it/_bicamerali/antimafia/sportello/dossier/dossier1_4.html La Commissione parlamentare antimafia] ] The Commission studied the connections between the four Mafia-type organizations and the links between the Mafia and secret Masoniclodges. It lobbied for the introduction of new legislation such as the reform of the Rognoni-La Torre law whereby asset seizure and confiscation provisions were applicable to other forms of criminal association including drug trafficking, extortionand usuryamong others.Jamieson, "The Antimafia", p. 37-38]
*Jamieson, Alison (2000). "The Antimafia. Italy’s Fight Against Organized Crime", London: MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-80158-X
*it icon [http://www.senato.it/relazioni/21617/21715/85872/85873/85896/85897/genpagina.htm Discorsi parlamentari] di Gerardo Chiaromonte
*it icon [http://www.istitutochiaromonte.it/italiano/index.html Istituto Gerardo Chiaromonte]
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