- Hydroxymandelonitrile lyase
enzymology, a hydroxymandelonitrile lyase (EC number|220.127.116.11) is an enzymethat catalyzes the chemical reaction
:(S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile cyanide + 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde
Hence, this enzyme has one substrate,
(S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile, and two products, cyanideand 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde.
This enzyme belongs to the family of
lyases, specifically the aldehyde-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde-lyase (cyanide-forming). Other names in common use include hydroxynitrile lyase, oxynitrilase, Sorghum hydroxynitrile lyase, and (S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile hydroxybenzaldehyde-lyase. This enzyme participates in cyanoamino acid metabolism.
CAS registry numberfor this enzyme class is CAS registry|9075-38-1."
Gene Ontology (GO) codes
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