- Survivor (U.S. TV series)
show_name = Survivor
caption = Logo for Survivor Borneo.
runtime = 60 minutes
country = USA
May 31, 2000
last_aired = Present
num_seasons = 17
num_episodes = 220
website = http://www.cbs.com/primetime/survivor/
imdb_id = 0239195
tv_com_id = 4742
"Survivor" is an American version of the "Survivor"
reality television game showbased on the Swedish television series " Expedition Robinson" originally created in 1992by Charlie Parsons. The show is based on stranding a group of strangers as one or more tribes in a remote location, where they must fend for food, water, fire, and shelter for themselves, while competing in challenges to earn rewards and immunity from being voted off by the tribe in progressive eliminations; the last challenger remaining at the end of the competition wins the one million US$ prize and title of Sole Survivor. The American series is hosted by former game show emcee and news reporter, Jeff Probst. Produced by Mark Burnett, it currently airs first on the CBStelevision network and syndication to other cable networks. The theme song was composed by Russ Landau.
The American version has been very successful, rating amongst the top ten most watched shows each television season for its first ten seasons. It is commonly considered the mother of American reality TV because it was the first highly-rated and profitable reality show on
broadcast televisionin the USA. The show has currently finished broadcasting its sixteenth season. CBS has ordered a seventeenth and eighteenth season and Probst has signed a contract to host the show until its twentieth season.cite web |url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20175195_4,00.html |title='Survivor: Micronesia': EW's On Location Preview|accessdate=2008-06-01 |author=Dalton Ross |date= February 1, 2008|publisher=Entertainment Weekly ]
Format and rules
The first US season of "Survivor" followed the same general format as the Swedish series, but since then, the show has introduced several twists to the core rules to keep players on guard in newer seasons from relying on strategies present in previous seasons. These changes have included tribal switches, seasons starting with more than two tribes, the ability to exile a player from their tribe for a short time, and a hidden immunity idol that a player can use to save themselves at the tribal vote.
U.S. Survivor seasons
The United States version is produced by
Mark Burnettand hosted by Jeff Probst. It airs Thursdays on CBS.
#"" (originally titled "Survivor"; later known as "Survivor: Pulau Tiga" or "Survivor 1") was set in the
South China Seaon the remote Malaysian island of Pulau Tiga. Corporate trainer Richard Hatch was its winner in a 4-3 vote over river raft guide Kelly Wiglesworth. This is the only season to have aired on Wednesdays; subsequent seasons would lead off CBS's primetime schedule on Thursdays with the finale on a Sunday. This season was also the only season to reveal the winner on location rather than live.
#"" was set in the
Australian Outback(though the location was by Australian standards not particularly remote, nor was it arid). Registered nurse Tina Wessonwon 4-3 over custom car designer and actor Colby Donaldson. During this series, Michael Skupinsuffered burns and became the first contestant evacuated due to injuries. This is the only season to last more than 39 days (to date), running 42 days total. Also this is the most watched season to date.
#"" was set in Kenya's Shaba National Reserve, [ [http://www.eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,8472,00.html News Home ] ] (previously home to the film
Born Free[waybackdate|site=http://www.roveafrica.com/itineraries/survivor_itin.htm|date=20070609173343|title=Survivor - Rove Africa - safari itineraries] ). This was the first season to feature a tribal swap. Former USL player Ethan Zohnwon, defeating retired teacher Kim Johnson by a vote of 5-2.
#"" was set on
Nuku Hiva, the largest of the Marquesas Islandsin French Polynesiamarking the series' first return to a beach location since Season 1. For the first time the finalists were all women. Office Manager Vecepia Towerywon by a vote of 4-3 over student Neleh Dennis. This season was the only time the infamous Purple Rock tie breaker was ever used.
#"" was set on the island of
Ko Tarutaooff the coast of Thailand. For the first time the tribes were not predetermined by producers, but were rather picked by the two oldest players, Jake and Jan. Also, this season was the first to feature a fake merge and a delayed merge. Also, two opposing tribes lived together on the same beach. For the first (and so far only) time the finalists were both men. Used car salesman and former soft-core porn actor Brian Heidikbeat restaurant owner Clay Jordanby a vote of 4-3.
#"" was set in the jungles of the
Amazon Riverregion of Brazil. This was the first time the two tribes were divided up by males and females. It was also the first time a reality show contestant competed with a disability, the hearing impaired Christy Smith. Student and swimsuit model Jenna Morascawon by a vote of 6-1 over restaurant designer Matthew Von Ertfelda.
#"" was set in the
Pearl Islandsoff the coast of Panama. This season was the first and only time players who had been voted out were allowed to return to the game as part of the Outcast Tribe. The winning tribe in the Reward Challenge was able to loot one item from the losing tribe. Office assistant Sandra Diaz-Twinedefeated Boy Scout leader Lillian Morris by a vote of 6-1.
#"" was again set in the
Pearl Islands, Panama. The game featured eighteen past Survivor contestants divided into three tribes (the first season to use more than 16 contestants). This is the first season that featured an early merge of the 3 tribes down to 2. Administrative assistant Amber Brkichwon by a vote of 4-3 over construction worker and bartender Rob Mariano. Just before the live vote was revealed, Rob proposed to Amber. was held four days later, and a second million-dollar prize was awarded to Rupert Bonehamfor being voted by the viewers as their favorite contestant (making him the only player in the show's history to win a million dollars on the show without actually being the sole survivor).
#" - Islands of Fire" was set on islands in the
archipelagonation of Vanuatu, located in the South Pacific Ocean. The tribes were also divided by gender. Highway construction worker Chris Daugherty, the last male in the final seven, defeated highway repair worker Twila Tannerby a vote of 5-2.
#"" was set in the island nation of
Palau, located in the Philippine Sea. The season started with 20 contestants, but on day two the number was reduced to 18 in a tribal selection process. The season concluded with firefighter Tom Westmanprevailing over advertising executive Katie Gallagherby a vote of 6-1. This season was the only one in which one of the tribes, Koror, won all the immunity challenges. Due to this streak and the lack of any tribal swap, there was no usual tribal merge, instead the last member of the defeated tribe, Ulong, simply became a member of Koror. This season was first to feature Exile Island, though was only used once during the show.
#" - The Mayan Empire" was set in the Yaxha National Park. 18 Survivors (16 new contestants plus
Stephenie LaGrossaand Bobby Jon Drinkardfrom ) were stranded amongst the ruins of the Maya civilization. This season was first to include a hidden immunity idol, hidden near camp, though was only available post-merge, and was not rehidden after its use. This idol was found by Gary Hogeboom, a retired NFL quarterback who sought to conceal his past profession from fellow contestants, believing it would increase his chances of being voted off. The season concluded with sports radio host Danni Boatwrightdefeating pharmaceutical sales representative Stephenie LaGrossaby a 6-1 vote.
#" - Exile Island" was set again in the
Pearl Islandsof Panama, marking the third time this location has been used for Survivor. This is the first time the contestants were divided into four tribes: Younger Men, Younger Women, Older Men, and Older Women. This was also the first season to include Exile Island throughout the show, and to offer the hidden Individual Immunity Idol throughout. The idol could only be found by being exiled to Exile Island. Bruce Kanegaibecame the second person in the history of the show to leave due to a medical emergency. The season concluded with yoga instructor Aras Baskauskasdefeating medical sales representative Danielle DiLorenzoby a vote of 5-2.
#"" took place on the
Cook Islandsin the South Pacific Ocean. Tribes were initially grouped into four tribes by ethnicity: African Americans, Caucasians, Hispanics, and Asians. Both Exile Island and the Hidden Immunity Idol were used throughout the season. This is the first time three castaways were involved in the final vote, with a jury composed of nine members (with some entering the jury before the merge). The season was won by management consultant Yul Kwon, who edged out waiter Ozzy Lusthand attorney Becky Leeby a vote of 5-4, with Becky receiving no votes.
#"", the fourteenth season, took place on the island of
Fijiin the South Pacific Ocean. For the first time, the total number of castaways starts with an odd number (19 total) due to the last minute withdrawal of one contestant. [http://asapblogs.typepad.com/theslug/2007/01/jeff_probst_tal.html "The Slug" - Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"] ] As part of the twist to this season, one tribe enjoyed much better living conditions (such as ready-to-assembly structures, furniture, dishware, and a working shower) than the other tribe prior to the merge. Both Exile Island and the Hidden Immunity Idol returned, with 2 Idols in play, initially one on each beach. The same final three with a jury of nine format from "Cook Islands" was also used in "Fiji". The season concluded with advertising executive Earl Coledefeating civil engineer manager Cassandra Franklin and cheerleading coach Dre "Dreamz" Herd by a 9-0-0 vote, the first unanimous vote in the show's history.
#"" was the fifteenth season of the show, taking place in remote
China. A twist involving kidnapping players from the opposing tribe was introduced, replacing Exile Island from the prior three seasons. There were two Hidden Immunity Idols, which were hidden in plain sight at each tribe's camp. Flight attendant Todd Herzogdefeated waitress Courtney Yates and hiking guide Amanda Kimmelwith a vote of 4-2-1.
#" - Fans vs Favorites" was the show's sixteenth season, taking place in the
Micronesian archipelago. This season's twist was that ten self-proclaimed "Survivor" superfans competed against ten popular past contestants. Exile Island made a return after being absent for the China season, now with two contestants, one from each tribe, being sent to exile on occasion. This was the first season to have three castaways leave due to reasons other than being voted out. Charity organizer Parvati Shallowdefeated aspiring designer Amanda Kimmelwith a vote of 5-3.
#" - Earth's Last Eden" was filmed in
Gabon, Africaduring late June using high definition(HD) cameras, making this the first season shot and aired in HD.cite web |url=http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/CA6550937.html |title=NAB 2008: Sony Nets Big HD Camera Sales |author=Glen Dickson |publisher=Broadcasting & Cable |date=2008-04-13 |accessdate=2008-04-14 ] The show premiered on September 25as a two-hour event.cite web |url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117991129.html |title='Survivor' moves to premiere week |author=Michael Schneider |publisher=Variety |date=2008-08-25 |accessdate=2008-08-26 ]
#"Season 18" will be produced in 2008 and air in Spring 2009.cite web |url=http://www.reuters.com/article/televisionNews/idUSN2852322820080129 |title=CBS sticks with Survivor; Probst re-ups as host |accessdate=2008-01-29 |author=Nellie Andreeva |date=2008-01-28 |publisher=Reuters ] For this season, the minimum age requirement has been lowered to 18 in most states.cite web |url=http://www.cbs.com/primetime/survivor16/includes/about/casting/survivor18.pdf |title=Survivor 18 Application |author=CBS.com|format=PDF]
*"Survivor: Marquesas" was not shown in Australia as the network was showing a series of "
Australian Survivor" instead. The latter was not a ratings success, and afterwards the American edition of Survivor resumed airing.
*Beginning with "Survivor: Vanuatu - Islands of Fire" through "Survivor: Fiji", an internet talk show called "
Survivor Live" has aired the day after a show on "CBS.com".
2000/early 2001the Irish TV station TG4has broadcast "Survivor". The show is narrated in the Irish Language, but all of the contestants' voices, including Jeff and any other person shown, are broadcast in English.
U.S. television ratings
Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of the United States version of "Survivor" on
"Note: Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps."
" doesn't have a ranking because it aired in the summer of 2000. It would have ranked #2 in the 1999-2000 U.S. television season, assuming it would have attained the exact same viewership numbers as it did in the summer of 2000."
Complete seasons on iTunes
Survivor (UK TV series)
Survivor South Africa
* [http://www.cbs.com/primetime/survivor/ Survivor: Gabon (most recent season) website]
* [http://www.tv.com/survivor/show/4742/summary.html Survivor at TV.com]
* [http://survivorwiki.cbs.com/ Survivor Official Wiki]
* [http://www.claycritters.com/map/survivormaps.htm Survivor Maps]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Survivor: All-Stars — Genre Reality television Winner Amber Brkich (4–3) No. of episodes 16 No. of days 39 … Wikipedia
Survivor — may refer to: Television * Survivor (TV series), a reality television show with several international versions ** Survivor (U.S. TV series) ** Survivor (UK TV series) ** Survivor Philippines ** Survivor BG , Bulgaria ** Survivor South Africa **… … Wikipedia
Survivor (tournament) — The Survivor tournaments are a series of writing tournaments that are held three times a year, along with two iterations of a spin off series of tournaments called Rurouni Taikai. Originally held at [http://www.ffonline.com Final Fantasy Online]… … Wikipedia
Survivor Series — es un evento de lucha libre profesional anual celebrado en noviembre por la World Wrestling Entertainment. Debido a su antigüedad, es considerado uno de los 4 grandes , junto con WrestleMania, Royal Rumble y SummerSlam, siendo producido desde… … Wikipedia Español
Survivor (UK TV series) — Survivor UK Genre Reality competition Presented by Mark Austin (2001) Mark Nicholas (2002) Theme music composer Russ Landau Country of o … Wikipedia
Survivor Series — Survivor Series ежегодное pay per view шоу, проводимое федерацией профессионального рестлинга WWE в ноябре. Первое шоу прошло в 1987 году на арене «Колизея Ричфильда» в Ричфильде (штат Огайо). Шоу считается одним из «Большой четвёрки» PPV… … Википедия
Survivor: Gabon — Earth s Last Eden Genre Reality television Winner Robert Bob Crowley (4–3–0) No. of episodes 14 No. of d … Wikipedia
Survivor (TV series) — Survivor is a popular reality television game show format produced in many countries throughout the world. In the show, contestants are isolated in the wilderness and compete for cash and other prizes. The show uses a progressive elimination,… … Wikipedia
Survivor series 1996 — Détails Fédération World Wrestling Federation Date 17 … Wikipédia en Français
Survivor series 1997 — Détails Fédération World Wrestling Federation Date 9 … Wikipédia en Français