- USS Brough (DE-148)
USS "Brough" (DE-148) was an "Edsall" class
destroyer escort, the first United States Navyship so named. This ship was named for Lieutenant Junior Grade David Atkins Brough( 15 June 1914– 1942), a Naval Aviator who was awarded the Air Medalposthumously for his actions during the battles of Kiskaand Attu.
Construction and commissioning
"Brough" was built by the Consolidated Steel Corporation of
Orange, Texas. Her keel was laid on 22 January 1943and she was launched on 10 April 1943. Mrs. Jack Bell, sister of Lieutenant Brough, served as sponsor. "Brough" was placed in full commission on 18 September1943 at Orange, Texas under command of Lieutenant Commander Kenneth J. Hartleyof Jamestown, New York.
After an intense shakedown period, "Brough" was assigned the task of escorting allied shipping to European ports. She spent two years escorting Allied shipping without the loss of a single vessel during her twenty four Atlantic crossings, and made only five submarine attacks with the presence of
U-Boats unverified in each case.
Wind and sea, ice and fog, furnished relentless diversion however, for unspectacular service. Five of her twenty-five months of active duty were spent in repair yards, where the scars of the North Atlantic were smoothed again as she prepared for new crossings. Her first Commanding Officer Lieutenant Commander K. J. Hartley was killed when heavy seas smashed him against the
splinter shieldof her number one gun.
"Brough", under constant and intensive training throughout the war expended 4,050 rounds of convert|3|in|mm|0 50 cal., 15,180 rounds of 40 mm, and 25,093 rounds of 20 mm—all for practice. During anti-submarine actions, 200
depth charges and 372 projectiles were fired. When "Brough" was commissioned her armament included torpedo tubes, eight 20mm guns, a twin 40 mm and three 3"/5O cal. guns. But as the pattern of warfare shifted from surface to air actions, repeated alterations resulted in the removal of the torpedoes, and the addition of another twin and a quad 40 mm, along with two more 20 mm.
At sea for 373 days of her 25 months active duty, most of the time she was on war patrol, with her guns manned and full watches alerted. Her command changed four times, with Lieutenant Commander Hartley being followed by Lieutenant Commanders James A. Rector of Alhambra, California; Milton A. Stein of Los Angeles, California; and Eugene Emerson of Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The second and last death on "Brough" during
World War IIwas the result of the accidental discharge of a K-gun, when A.W. Wood, Seaman First Classof Floral Park, New Yorkwas killed.
1947, "Brough" was placed out of commission in reserve, attached to the Florida Group, U.S. Atlantic Fleet at Green Cove, Florida, "Brough" was anchored at Green Cove Springs, Florida, forty statute miles (60 km) from the sea in the sluggish St. Johns River. Here she was pickled in grease, and paint in the longest, hardest fight of all the campaign against rust.
The Korean Emergency in the summer of 1951 brought "Brough" back into naval service. Thoroughly overhauled by the
Merrill-Stevens Shipyard, Jacksonville, Florida, "Brough" was commissioned 7 September 1951under the command of Lieutenant Commander H. J. Hulingsof Pennsylvania. She was attached to the U.S. Atlantic Fleetand usual intensive shakedown period followed.
Atlantic Fleet service
In the fall of 1952 "Brough" participated in joint
NATOoperations in the Atlantic and visited various European ports including Bergen, Norway; Greenwich, Scotland; Cherbourg, France; and various Caribbean ports. Returning in November "Brough" reported for scheduled shipyard overhaul in Philadelphia until the end of February. On 31 January 1953Commander Hulings was relieved by Lieutenant Commander D. W. Abercrombie, III, of Massachusetts. After a week of "shakedown" she steamed to Guantanamo Bay, Cubafor refresher training. Despite a green crew, "Brough"’s training progress was such that she was released one week early; the only ship thus privileged during 1953.
"Brough", after a short stay in
Newport, Rhode Islandleft in early June for Key West, Florida, where she reported to provide services to the Fleet Sonar School, Key West. Until late August "Brough" operated daily, acting primarily as a school ship for officers and enlisted students from the Sonar School.
Upon "Brough"'s return from Key West she berthed alongside the "Yosemite" (AD-19) for tender overhaul. The tender discovered that the generators warranted overhaul and "Brough" was sent to the
Portsmouth Naval Shipyardin Kittery, Mainefor repairs.
In November 1953, "Brough", as flagship for Commander
Escort Squadron Fourteenparticipated in Operation SPRING BOARDin the Caribbeanand visited San Juan, Puerto Rico; Ciudad Trujillo, Dominican Republic; and Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. "Brough" returned to Newport, in December, for the Christmasleave period, and then operated on a daily basis from Newport. In March 1954 "Brough" again returned to Key West until July for another tour of ASW training sea phase.
G. E. Lockeefrom Columbia, S.C.relieved Commander Abercrombie in August 1954and with her new captain, "Brough" in company with "Huse", "Blair" and "M. J. Manuel" journeyed to Newfoundland for a three weeks fleet exercise with submarines.
Returning in mid-September, "Brough" started preparations for the
Joint Atlantic Fleet Exercise of 1954. "Brough"'s assignment was operating against submarines off the LabradorCoast in the vicinity of Hamilton's Inlet. Accordingly extra foul weather clothing was loaded aboard in anticipation of the many cold watches that were to come. On October 20, "Brough", in company with the rest of the squadron, departed on her biggest operation LANTFLEX 1-55. First "Brough" participated in convoy escort work to Labrador; anti-submarine patrol, and then she escorted a force making amphibious landings along the coast of North Carolina. After thirty days continuous steaming, on 20 November"Brough" returned to Newport for a much welcomed Christmas leave period.
"Brough" reported to the
Boston Navy Yardfor overhaul and modification to equipment in February 1955 and completed the refitting on 30 April 1955. In May "Brough" spent two weeks at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Maine, under-going a restricted availability. An intensive three-week refresher program at Newport followed in June. On 9 July 1955"Brough" departed from Norfolk, Virginiaon the first leg of Midshipman CruiseBaker. This cruise included Edinburgh, Scotland; Copenhagen, Denmark; and finally Guantanamo Bay, Cuba as ports-of-call. On completion of this cruise, on 3 September, "Brough" was given a two-week upkeep and tender availability period in Newport and then reported on 25 September 1955to provide services to Fleet Sonar School, Key West. Upon returning to Newport, in November "Brough" was given a two-week availability alongside the "Yosemite", followed by two weeks of type training out of Newport. On 13 December 1955the holiday leave started. This period also saw "Brough"'s first berthing at the new Destroyer Pier Number 1. On completion of one week of type training in the Newport area "Brough" moored alongside the "Yosemite" on 30 January 1956for ten days availability.
Early on the morning of
13 February 1956, "Brough" sailed with Escort Squadron Fourteen for Key West, Florida. From 20 Februaryuntil 30 March"Brough" again provided services for Fleet Sonar School. Afterwards "Brough" engaged in type training out of Newport during April and participated in exercises CONVEX and HOURGLASS under Commander Antisubmarine Atlantic during May and June. After three weeks of upkeep the ship departed for a six week restricted availability at Portsmouth, New Hampshire to prepare for Operation DEEPFREEZE II. Prior to Lieutenant Commander W. P. Duhonof New Orleans, Louisiana, relieving Lieutenant Commander Lockee, "Brough" received the Battle Efficiency "E" Plaque. The change of command took place on 23 August 1956.
4 September1956, "Brough" departed Newport, R.I. to join Task Force 43 in Operation DEEPFREEZE II. Steaming independently by way of the Panama Canal, "Brough" reached Dunedin, New Zealandone month later. From October 1956 to March 1957, "Brough" operated out of Dunedin on her assigned picket station at 57° South - 170° East. Her assignment: act as weather reporting, communication and search and rescueship in an area where high winds and forty foot waves were not uncommon. The pattern of operations was five or six days in port, nineteen to twenty-one days at sea. En route to station "Brough" occasionally made calls at isolated Campbell Island, New Zealand.
The return trip to Newport R.I. began
2 March 1957. On the way, "Brough" visited Callao, Peru, and stopped briefly at Newport before continuing to Boston Naval Shipyard where on 8 May, she commenced an overhaul period in preparation for DEEPFREEZE III.
After completing the regular overhaul in July, "Brough" returned to Newport and continued preparation for DEEPFREEZE III. On
7 August 1957, Lieutenant Commander B. E. Boneyof Toxey, Alabama, relieved Lieutenant Commander W. P. Duhon as Commanding Officer. The period 19-23 August was spent alongside the tender "Yellowstone" (AD-27) completing preparations for seven months independent duty.
26 August"Brough" departed Newport, R.I. for Dunedin, N.Z. via Panama Canal, arriving 25 September. During the deployment with DEEPFREEZE III, "Brough" made five trips to 61° South 170° East. One trip took her across the Antarctic Circle, on 5 February 1958a "first" for Destroyer Escorts. On three occasions 75-knot (139 km/h or 86 mph) winds were encountered, but "Brough" came through with negligible damage.
"Brough" left Dunedin, N.Z. for. Newport, R.I. on March 1958, arriving
2 April. During April she enjoyed a tender, leave, and upkeep period—before departing for her new home port, Key West, Florida. From 5 Mayuntil 21 July, "Brough" operated with Fleet Sonar School, Key West. During that period, CORTRON 14 was disestablished and "Brough" joined Destroyer Division Six Zero One.
21 Julyand 22 August 1958, preparations were made for DEEPFREEZE IV. On 23 August 1958, "Brough" departed for her third trip to Dunedin, N.Z. and her third consecutive year under the operational control of Commander Task Force 43. Arriving in Dunedin on 22 September, she departed almost immediately to continue her usual duties on station between New Zealandand Antarctica. Between 23 Augustand 19 November, "Brough" was at sea 78 days and in port only 8 days.
When "Brough" left Dunedin, N.Z. for the last time, on
7 February 1959, four thousand New Zealanders were there to see her sail, indicative of the excellent relations that existed between "Brough" personnel and the citizens of Dunedin.
The return trip to Key West represented another "achievement", "first" Destroyer Escort to
circumnavigatethe world alone. Ports of call during the next 66 days included Perth, Australia; Colombo, Ceylon; Aden, Arabia; Athens, Greece; Naples, Italy; Cannes, France; Barcelona, Spainand Gibraltar. Arriving in Key West, Florida on 14 April 1959, a two-week tender availability period was followed by leave and upkeep lasting until 22 May. Following this, "Brough" deployed for ten days off Puerto Rico as a missile recovery ship for the famous Jupiter missile that carried two monkeys, Alfa and Bravo, into space. "Brough"’s Commanding Officer was in command of the recovery group.
1 Julyand 29 September 1959"Brough" underwent a regular shipyard overhaul in Key West. On 18 August 1959, Lieutenant Commander J. L. Mossrelieved Lieutenant Commander B. E. Boney as Commanding Officer.
After the overhaul period, "Brough" provided services to Fleet Sonar School until departing for refresher training at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Underway refresher training from
17 Octoberto 24 Novembermolded the ship into a more effective fighting unit. An upkeep period followed by a leave period kept the ship in Key West until after New Year's Day.
Beginning in January
1960, "Brough" settled into a regular schedule of providing services for Fleet Sonar School, Key West. She traveled to Charleston, South Carolinafor tender availability between 29 Februaryand 10 March1960. Returning to Key West, Fleet Sonar School operations during the spring of 1960 were broken by occasional weeks of upkeep and type training.
14 May1960, "Brough" journeyed to Norfolk, Va., for tender availability along-side "Sierra" (AD-18), returning to Key West on 31 May. Over the 4th of July, "Brough" visited Tampa, Florida, returning to provide services to Fleet Sonar School until 18 August.
While en route to Norfolk again, in late August "Brough" stopped over in
Fort Lauderdale, Floridafor a recreational visit before a period of availability alongside "Amphion" (AR-13) at Norfolk Va. Skirting Hurricane Donnawith no damage in mid-September, she returned to Key West for Fleet Sonar School operations.
Training at Guantanamo Bay between
8 Octoberand 12 Octoberwas followed by liberty and recreation in Montego Bay, Jamaica. "Brough" again provided services to Fleet Sonar School until the next tender availability alongside "Sierra" (AD-18) in Norfolk, 14 Novemberto 1 December.
After the Christmas leave period "Brough" was once again providing services of Fleet Sonar School until
5 February 1961. On 6 February 1961Lieutenant Commander E. J. Careyof Seattle, Washingtonrelieved Lieutenant Commander J. L. Moss as Commanding Officer. On the following day, "Brough" departed for a three day visit to Nassau in the Bahamasand continued to Norfolk, Virginia for an availability alongside "Tutuila" (ARG-4) from 13 Februaryto 24 February.
Operations out of Key West from March to May were interrupted by a week of upkeep and a week of type training. At the end of April, "Brough" visited
Miami, Floridato represent the U.S. Navy at the Miami Beach Serviceman's Center's Ninth Anniversary celebration.
Miss USA and another 'E'
A period of upkeep and restricted availability at
U.S. Naval Station, Key Westbegan 1 May. An In Service inspection was conducted 11 Mayto 12 May. From 21 MayFleet Sonar School operations continued through the summer, interrupted by a return visit to Miami 14 July– 16 July, a week of type training during August, and two weeks of upkeep. While in Miami, "Brough" was favored by a visit from Miss USA, a finalist in the Miss UniversePageant.
15 July 1961, Commander Destroyer Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet announced that "Brough" won the Battle Efficiency Award for "Competitive Excellence" in Destroyer Division 601 for fiscal year 1961—the second "E" for "Brough".
During the remainder of 1961 and early
1962"Brough" continued operating out of Key West to provide training to student officers and enlisted personnel from Fleet Sonar School in various phases of anti-submarine warfare.
Decommissioning and disposal
"Brough" decommissioned in June 1965 and was removed from the
Navy Liston 1 November 1965. The ship was sold for scrap to Buyer Boston Metals Companyin Baltimore, Marylandin January 1967.
* [http://brough148.homestead.com/ USS "Brough" homepage]
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b9/brough-i.htm DANFS entry]
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