- Thanet Canal
The Thanet Canal is a short branch of the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal, which leaves the main canal in Skipton, and runs to some loading wharfs near Skipton Castle, which were used to load limestone from local quarries into boats for onward shipment. It was opened in 1773, and extended in 1794. It is sometimes called the Springs Branch.
Lord Thanet, who was the owner of
Skipton Castlein the late 18th Century, owned some limestone quarries near to the castle. When the Leeds and Liverpool Canal were building their main line, he petitioned them to alter its route to better serve his quarries. [http://www.skiptonweb.co.uk/history/canal.asp History of Skipton] ] This they refused to do, and so on 10 May 1773 [http://www.jim-shead.com/waterways/sdoc.php?wpage=PNRC0641#PNRC637 Priestley's Navigable Rivers and Canals, Joseph Priestley, 1831] ] he obtained an Act of Parliamentwhich authorised the construction of a branch canal to serve this purpose. The Act did not authorise the raising of capital, as Lord Thanet financed the canal himself, and it was constructed mainly on his own land. Its alternative title of the Springs Branch comes from the fact that the original Act was for a "Canal from a Place called the Spring, lying near Skipton Castle".
The branch was built quickly, as it was only about one third of a mile (0.5km) long. It left the Leeds and Liverpool canal in the centre of Skipton, and ran around the back of the castle to some loading chutes, into which limestone from the quarries was tipped. In 1785, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal Company took over the lease of the canal. In 1794, a 240 yd (220m) extension was constructed, to a new loading dock, which was linked to quarries by a tramway. Much of the limestone went to Low Moor Ironworks in Bradford, where it was used in the smelting of iron. It was also used as road stone, and some of it was burnt to produce lime, for use as a fertiliser and in the production of mortar.
As built, the tramway terminus was a lot higher than the canal, and long chutes were used to load the limestone into boats. Because this caused damage to the boats and the noise disturbed the occupants of the castle, a steeper tramway was constructed, which resulted in shorter chutes, less noise and less damage. The shorter metal shoots are still visible on the canal bank, below the castle walls.
Canals of Great Britain
History of the British canal system
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Leeds and Liverpool Canal — Ainscoughs mill in Burscough Principal engineer John Longbotham Other engineer(s) … Wikipedia
Outer Pennine Ring — Highgate Bridge near Gargrave, on one of the remote sections of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal Locks 209 … Wikipedia
History of Skipton — The small town of Skipton in North Yorkshire (in the United Kingdom) has been around as far back as 1085, listed in the Domesday Book, and has roles in history during the English Civil War and as the site of a prisoner of war camp during World… … Wikipedia
Kent — County of Kent redirects here. For other uses, see Kent County (disambiguation). For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). Kent Invicta Motto of County … Wikipedia
GB-KEN — Grafschaft Kent Geographie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft … Deutsch Wikipedia
Grafschaft Kent — Geographie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kent — Grafschaft Kent Geographie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1992 — This is a complete list of all 1922 Statutory Instruments published in the United Kingdom in the year 1992. NOTOC 1 100* North Hull Housing Action Trust (Transfer of Property) Order 1992 S.I. 1992/1 * Merchant Shipping (Radio Installations)… … Wikipedia
North Sea — For other uses, see North Sea (disambiguation). North Sea Location Atlantic Ocean Coordinates … Wikipedia
List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1994 — This is a complete list of all 1851 Statutory Instruments published in the United Kingdom in the year 1994. NOTOC 1 100* Public Telecommunication System Designation (Vodafone Limited) Order 1994 S.I. 1994/1 * Oxfordshire County Council (Shifford… … Wikipedia