- Jerusalem cross
The simpler form of the cross is known as the "Crusaders' Cross", because it was on the papal banner given to the Crusaders by Pope Urban II for the First Crusade, and became a symbol of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was first worn by Godfrey of Bouillon, the first leader of the Kingdom. The four smaller crosses are said to symbolize either the four books of the Gospel or the four directions in which the Word of Christ spread from Jerusalem. Alternatively, all five crosses can symbolize the five wounds of Christ during the Passion, the Pentateuch and, presumably, the first five Christian Churches. It is also used in the flag of Georgia. The Jerusalem Cross is also used as a symbol of the Catholic Kairos retreat, where participants are given the pendant at the end of their experience.
Its origin may come from Phoenicia, in the shape of a white, sometimes green, eight-pointed cross, known as Maltese Cross, each point representing a Beatitude, as the Venerable Order of St John teaches.
The Unicode character set has a character ☩, U+2629 CROSS OF JERUSALEM in the Miscellaneous Symbols table. However, the glyph associated with that character is a cross potent, and not a Jerusalem cross.
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Jerusalem cross — goštautinė gaisrena statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lychnis chalcedonica angl. Jerusalem cross; Knight’s cross; Maltesecross campion; scarlet lychnis vok. Alte Verbene; brennende Liebe; Feuernelke; Jerusalemsblume; Malteserkreuz rus … Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas
Jerusalem cross — 1. a cross whose four arms are each capped with a crossbar and often with a small Greek cross centered in each quadrant. 2. See scarlet lychnis. [1605 15] * * * … Universalium
Jerusalem cross — noun a cross with equal arms, each terminating in a small crossbar • Hypernyms: ↑Cross … Useful english dictionary
Jerusalem cross — /dʒəˌrusələm ˈkrɒs/ (say juh.roohsuhluhm kros) noun a cross whose four arms are each capped with a crossbar … Australian English dictionary
Cross — For information on the Christian symbol, see Christian cross. For other uses, see Cross (disambiguation). A Greek cross (all arms of equal length) above a saltire, a cross whose limbs are slanted A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two… … Wikipedia
Cross of the Mount of Olives — The Cross of the Mount of Olives (German: Ölberg Kreuz ) was founded on the 24th. of December 1909 by the Prussian Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia as a decoration to commemorate the foundation of a hospital, the Kaiserin Auguste Victoria… … Wikipedia
cross — Synonyms and related words: Agnus Dei, Calvary cross, Cape Colored, Christogram, Eurasian, Greek cross, Holy Grail, Host, Jerusalem cross, John Hancock, Latin cross, Malacca cane, Maltese cross, Russian cross, Sanctus bell, Sangraal, T, X, abjure … Moby Thesaurus
cross — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. rood, crucifix; crosspiece, cross mark, X, ex; gibbet; bur den, trial, trouble, adversity, affliction; hybrid, mixture, crossbreed; half caste, half breed; (cap.) Christianity, the Church, Gospel. v.… … English dictionary for students
Jerusalem (A.D. 71-1099) — Jerusalem (A.D. 71 1099) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jerusalem (A.D. 71 1099) I. TO THE TIME OF CONSTANTINE (71 312) When Titus took Jerusalem (April September, A.D. 70) he ordered his soldiers to destroy the city (Josephus, De… … Catholic encyclopedia
Jerusalem (After 1291) — Jerusalem (After 1291) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jerusalem (After 1291) (1) Political History The Latin dominion over Jerusalem really came to an end on 2 October, 1187, when the city opened its gates to Saladin (Yusuf ibn Ayyub … Catholic encyclopedia