- Wren's Nest
Wren's Nest is an area of
Dudley, West Midlands, England. Located to the north west of Dudley town centre, it comprises the Wren's Nest NNR (National Nature Reserve) and the Wren's Nest housing estate.
Wren's Nest National Nature Reserve
The Wren's Nest National Nature Reserve is world famous for its well-preserved
Silurian coral reef fossils. It was the UK's first National Nature Reserve for geology, being founded in 1956. More than 700 types of fossil have been discovered here, with 86 of those found nowhere else, including the " Calymene blumenbachi" trilobitenicknamed the "Dudley Bug" or "Dudley Locust" by 18th century quarrymen.
An outcrop of
Wenlock Group limestone, Wren's Nest Hill was extensively quarried during the Industrial Revolutionfor building stone and lime production. When quarrying finished in the early 20th century, the site was left with a network of underground caverns. The site was originally studied by the Scottish paleontologist Roderick Murchison, whose work in defining the Silurian System was mainly based on fossils and rock formations found at sites in Dudley.
Today, apart from the geological interest, the site is home to a number of species of locally rare
flora, as well as birdlife; the caverns also support large roosting populations of bats.
In 2004, Wren's Nest and the nearby Castle Hill were declared
Scheduled Ancient Monumentsas they represented the best surviving remains of the limestone industry in Dudley. The most impressive part of this is the last remaining surface opening limestone cavern in the world - formerly reaching more than 100 m underground - which is known as the Seven Sisters. The workings were originally connected by underground canal to the Dudley Tunnelcomplex.
The Wren's Nest is a site of special scientific interest (
SSSI) considered to be one of the most notable geological locations in the British Isles.cite web|url=http://www.english-nature.org.uk/special/sssi/sssi_details.cfm?sssi_id=1004000|title=Wren's Nest Site of Special Scientific Interest]
Wren's Nest Estate
The Wren's Nest Estate was originally council housing and was mostly built during the 1930s to relocate people from town centre slum clearances. In more recent times, the poor quality of the housing, together with numerous forms of crime including anti-social behaviour, burglary and joyriding, helped to push the area into a seemingly irreversible decline. Some families on the estate had even abandoned the decaying upstairs bedrooms and were sleeping in downstairs rooms, few of which were in a much better condition. The plight of people living in squalor on the Wren's Nest was highlighted in February 1985, in the second edition of the
However, more recently the estate has been significantly improved due to regeneration in the 1990s. Over £10m of new government money, via the Single Regeneration Budget, was invested into the area. This saw the introduction of youth worker activities, education programmes, community capacity initiatives managed by the council's Housing Department, green environmental improvements by Groundwork Black Country (including a vineyard at the rear of Meadow Road), and the creation of local newspapers and social enterprises via Co-operation Black Country. However, the most significant improvement was to the council-owned properties, which received new boundary walls, driveways, double glazing, and major heating and insulation works.
primary schoolwas built on the estate shortly after the houses were constructed, and a local secondary schoolwas opened in 1966 to replace the decaying Wolverhampton Street School in the town centre. The new school, Mons Hill, was initially very popular, but soon developed a reputation as one of the most troubled secondary schools in Dudley and became extremely unpopular with people living beyond the estate's borders. Falling numbers on the school roll made it no longer viable, and it was closed in July 1990 to be converted into an annexe of Dudley College. Most local students between 11 and 16 years now attend Castle High School, although some attend schools in other local areas.
The most famous person from the Wren's Nest estate is
Sam Allardyce, former manager of Newcastle United Football Club, who was born at a recenty-completed council house on Ash Green in 1954. His mother lived on the estate until her death during the 1990s.
Another notable resident is Tony Harlow (born 1962), a criminal known to the media as the 'Laughing Cavalier' due to his resemblance to the 17th century painting. He went on a shooting spree on the estate during May 1986, causing damage to several properties before hiding in the nearby caverns. He was finally arrested and charged with possessing a firearm with intent to endanger life. In December that year, Harlow was sentenced to life imprisonment at
Stafford Crown Court, and 21 years later he is still in custody. Harlow has escaped prison at least twice and has so far spent longer in prison than most convicted murderers. In May 2004 he was sentenced to 18 months in prison as punishment for escaping custody; one month after being caught at a house in Coseley, having spent 11 months on the run from Sudbury Open Prison in Derbyshire.
Photographed below is a
1998scene of Wrens Hill Road, which links the Wren's Nest Estate with the upper end of the Priory Estate, which was built at around the same time.
* [http://www.dudley.gov.uk/environment--planning/countryside/nature-reserves/wrens-nest-national-nature-reserve/wrens-nest Dudley Council - Wren's Nest Nature Reserve]
* [http://www.wrensnest.org.uk/ Wren's Nest Primary School]
* [http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/dudleynorth/n5.asp Wren's Nest Community Policing]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wren' s Nest Village Inn — (Портсмут,США) Категория отеля: Адрес: 3548 Lafayette Road, Портсмут, NH 03801, С … Каталог отелей
The Wren's Nest — Гнездо Рена, название дома музея Джоэля Ч. Харриса, известного собирателя негритянского фольклора, автора «Сказок дядюшки Римуса» ( Uncle Remus Stories ) в предместьях Атланты, штат Джорджия … Словарь топонимов США
wren — /ren/, n. 1. any of numerous small, active songbirds of the family Troglodytidae, esp. Troglodytes troglodytes, of the Northern Hemisphere, having dark brown plumage barred with black and a short, upright tail. Cf. house wren, marsh wren, rock… … Universalium
Wren — /ren/, n. 1. Sir Christopher, 1632 1723, English architect. 2. Percival Christopher, 1885 1941, English novelist. /ren/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Chiefly Brit. Informal. a member of the Wrens. [1915 20] * * * Any of 59 species (family Troglodytidae)… … Universalium
wren-warbler — ▪ bird any of a number of Old World warblers, family Sylviidae (order Passeriformes), that are wrenlike in carrying their tails cocked up. The name also denotes certain birds of the family Maluridae that are found in Australia and New Zealand.… … Universalium
the robin and the wren are God’s cock and hen; the martin and the swallow are God’s mate and marrow — Marrow is an obsolete word (except in dialect), meaning ‘something that makes a pair with another’. The rhyme is found in a variety of forms, as in a 1508 J. SKELTON Poems (1969) 45 The prety wren..is our Ladyes hen. 1787 F. GROSE Provincial… … Proverbs new dictionary
House Wren — Taxobox name = House Wren image width = 200px image caption = Northern House Wren status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves subclassis = Neornithes infraclassis = Neognathae superordo = Neoaves ordo =… … Wikipedia
White-winged Fairy-wren — Taxobox name = White winged Fairy wren image caption = ssp. leuconotus Coolmunda Dam, nr Inglewood, Qld status = LC status system = iucn3.1 status ref =IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=50686|title=Malurus… … Wikipedia
Red-winged Fairy-wren — Taxobox name = Red winged Fairy wren image width = 220px image caption = Male in nuptial plumage, Margaret River, Western Australia status = LC status system = iucn3.1 status ref = [BirdLife International 2004.… … Wikipedia
Carolina Wren — Taxobox name = Carolina Wren image width = 260px status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Troglodytidae genus = Thryothorus (but see text) genus authority = species = T … Wikipedia