- Duchy of Lucca
Duchy of Lucca
Ducato di Lucca
← 1815–1847 → Flag Coat of arms Capital Lucca Language(s) Italian Government Principality Duke - 1815–24 Maria Luisa of Spain - 1824–47 Charles Louis History - Congress of Vienna June 9, 1815 1815 - Annexed by Tuscany 1847 Currency Luccan lira
The Duchy was formed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, out of the former Republic of Lucca and the Principality of Lucca and Piombino, which had been ruled by Elisa Bonaparte. It was created to compensate the House of Bourbon-Parma for the loss of the Duchy of Parma, which had been given to Marie Louise of Austria.
In 1817, Maria Luisa of Spain, the former Infanta of Spain and Queen of Etruria, assumed the government of Lucca. She was also the mother of Charles Louis of Parma, the Bourbon heir to Parma. This followed the Treaty of Paris (1817), which confirmed both her sovereign status in Lucca, and her son's status as heir to Parma in succession to Marie Louise.
After Maria Luisa's death in 1824, Charles Louis assumed the government of the Duchy.
In 1847 Marie Louise died. Charles succeeded to the Duchy of Parma, and left Lucca, which was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
From 1815 to 1818, the flag of Lucca was yellow and red horizontal stripes. From 7 November 1818, to 1847 the flag was white, with Maria Luisa's coat of arms and the yellow–red flag in the canton.
Former monarchies of the Italian Peninsula, Sardinia and Sicily
Amalfi • Apulia • Arborea • Benevento • Bressanone (Prince-Bishopric) • Byzantine Empire • Cagliari • Capua • Carrara • Castro • Ceva • Corsica • Etruria • Ferrara • Finale • Florence • Gaeta • Gallura • Gorizia • Gorizia and Gradisca • County of Guastalla • Duchy of Guastalla • Illiria • Italy (Lombard) • Italy (Medieval) • Italy (Modern) • Italy (Napoleonic) • Istria • Lombardy-Venetia • Lucca • Lucca and Piombino • Mantua • Massa • Milan • Mirandola • Modena • Montferrat • Duchy of Naples • Kingdom of Naples • Nizza • Ogliastra • Ostrogothic Kingdom • Papal States • Parma • Piombino • Presidi • Reggio • Roman Kingdom • Roman Empire • Salerno • Saluzzo • Sardinia • Sardinia and Corsica • Savoy • Emirate of Sicily • County of Sicily • Kingdom of Sicily • Sora • Spoleto • Tavolara • Torres • Trento (Prince-Bishopric) • Tuscany • Two Sicilies • Tirolo • Urbino • Verona and Aquileia • Western Roman Empire
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