Duchy of Lucca

Duchy of Lucca
Duchy of Lucca
Ducato di Lucca

Flag Coat of arms
The Duchy of Lucca (green).
Capital Lucca
Language(s) Italian
Government Principality
 - 1815–24 Maria Luisa of Spain
 - 1824–47 Charles Louis
 - Congress of Vienna June 9, 1815 1815
 - Annexed by Tuscany 1847
Currency Luccan lira

The Duchy of Lucca was an Italian state existing from 1815 to 1847. It was centered on the city of Lucca.

The Duchy was formed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, out of the former Republic of Lucca and the Principality of Lucca and Piombino, which had been ruled by Elisa Bonaparte. It was created to compensate the House of Bourbon-Parma for the loss of the Duchy of Parma, which had been given to Marie Louise of Austria.

In 1817, Maria Luisa of Spain, the former Infanta of Spain and Queen of Etruria, assumed the government of Lucca. She was also the mother of Charles Louis of Parma, the Bourbon heir to Parma. This followed the Treaty of Paris (1817), which confirmed both her sovereign status in Lucca, and her son's status as heir to Parma in succession to Marie Louise.

After Maria Luisa's death in 1824, Charles Louis assumed the government of the Duchy.

In 1847 Marie Louise died. Charles succeeded to the Duchy of Parma, and left Lucca, which was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.


From 1815 to 1818, the flag of Lucca was yellow and red horizontal stripes. From 7 November 1818, to 1847 the flag was white, with Maria Luisa's coat of arms and the yellow–red flag in the canton.

See also

See also

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