- HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia
Ethiopia faces a mixed epidemic among sub-populations and geographic areas, with an estimated overall HIV prevalence rate between 0.9 and 2.5 percent among adults ages 15 to 49.1 While previous estimates were higher, expansion of surveillance data and improved analyses resulted in significantly lower estimates for 2005. Based on antenatal clinic surveillance data, HIV prevalence has declined to about 10.1 percent in urban areas and has stabilized to an estimated 1.8 percent in rural areas. The primary mode of HIV transmission in Ethiopia is heterosexual contact. Young women are more vulnerable to infection than young men; urban women are three times as likely to be infected as urban men, although in rural areas the difference between genders is negligible. Populations at higher risk for HIV infection include people in prostitution, police officers and members of the military. [http://www.pepfar.gov/pepfar/press/81577.htm "2008 Country Profile: Ethiopia"] .
U.S. Department of State(2008). PD-notice]
Ethiopia has a large and extremely vulnerable population of 74.7 million, with an estimated 50 percent of the population living below the poverty line.2 HIV/AIDS remains one of the key challenges for the overall development of Ethiopia, as it has led to a seven-year decrease in life expectancy and a greatly reduced workforce.3 Reduced productivity, civil conflict, poor farming conditions, and recurrent droughts leave six to 13 million people at risk of starvation each year.3 In the health sector, there is a shortage of health workers and counselors, in addition to poor access to sparse health services, inadequate sanitation, inefficient procurement systems, and weak monitoring and evaluation systems.3 Conflict, famine and drought have led to widespread population movements, adding to displacements caused by cross-border tensions. As of January 2007, there were an estimated 97,300 refugees in Ethiopia.
A program is being developed to distribute
generic drugs donated by various aid groups to women of childbearing years. [ [http://www.aidsinafrica.net/news.php AidsinAfrica.net - Online Resource for HIV AIDS in Africa ] ]
* [http://www.aidsportal.org/overlay_details.aspx?nex=20 AIDSPortal Ethiopia - News, research, case studies and contact information for organisations responding to HIV and AIDS in Ethiopia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
HIV/AIDS in the People's Republic of China — The HIV/AIDS pandemic scene in East Asia is largely dominated by China. Much of the current spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China has been through intravenous drug use and prostitution. In China, the number of affected by HIV… … Wikipedia
HIV/AIDS in Yunnan — China s first AIDS case was identified in 1985 in a dying tourist. [Settle E. AIDS in China: an annotated chronology: 1985–2003. Montreal: China AIDS Survey, 2003] In 1989, the first indigenous cases were reported as an outbreak in 146 infected… … Wikipedia
HIV/AIDS in Africa — The HIV/AIDS epidemics spreading through the countries of Sub Saharan Africa are highly varied. Although it is not correct to speak of a single African epidemic, Africa is without doubt the region most affected by the virus. Inhabited by just… … Wikipedia
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention — The National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is responsible for public health surveillance, prevention research, and programs to prevent and… … Wikipedia
Ethiopia — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Ethiopia (disambiguation). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ ye Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk … Wikipedia
Ethiopia — /ee thee oh pee euh/, n. 1. Formerly, Abyssinia. a republic in E Africa: formerly a monarchy. 58,732,577; 409,266 sq. mi. (1,060,000 sq. km). Present boundaries include Eritrea. Cap.: Addis Ababa. 2. Also called Abyssinia. an ancient region in NE … Universalium
HIV test — Randall L. Tobias, former U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, being publicly tested for HIV in Ethiopia in an effort to reduce the stigma of being tested. HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus … Wikipedia
Ethiopia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Ethiopia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a… … The World Factbook
AIDS — For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Classification and external resources … Wikipedia
HIV — Classification and external resources Diagram of HIV … Wikipedia