Hermann Jónasson


Hermann Jónasson

Infobox_Prime Minister | name= Hermann Jónasson


nationality=Iceland
order=Prime Minister of Iceland
term_start =1934
term_end =1942
term_start2 =1956
term_end2 =1958
president2 =Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
predecessor =Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
successor =Ólafur Thors
predecessor3 =Ólafur Thors
successor3 =Emil Jónsson
birth_date = December, 1896
death_date = death date|1976|1|22|mf=y
party=Progressive Party

Hermann Jónasson (December 25, 1896 – January 22, 1976) was an Icelandic politician of the Progressive Party, who was Prime Minister of Iceland on two occasions.

He served his first term from 28 July 1934 to 16 May 1942. This term included one of the most difficult times in Icelandic history. In the pre-war years he had to deal with constant pressures from Nazi Germany and the United Kingdom regarding Iceland's diplomatic stance. After World War II started, the German occupation of Denmark severed the ties between the two countries, forcing Iceland to assume full control over its foreign interests which had previously been represented by Denmark. Subsequently, the British occupied Iceland on 10 May 1940.

His second term lasted from 24 July 1956 to 23 December 1958. In the elections of 1956 the Progressive Party and the Social Democratic Party joined forces and formed an electoral alliance that became known as the "Fear-Alliance" (Icelandic: "Hræðslubandalagið", the fear in question being the fear of the Independence Party). After the elections the "Fear-Alliance" formed a coalition with The People's Alliance. This was Iceland's first leftist government, and was plagued with troubles from the outset, not the least of which was the relative hostility and distrust of the United States and other NATO allies. The coalition eventually fell apart, giving way to the long-lasting "Reconstruction Government" of the Independence Party and the Social Democrats.

Hermann had a reputation for being a very strong willed and often hot-tempered man (once slapping a Socialist member of the Althing). He however gained great respect of political co-workers and adversaries alike, and is fondly remembered as one of Iceland's greatest 20th Century politicians.

He was the father of Steingrímur Hermannsson who would go on to become Prime Minister of Iceland in the 1980s.

In 2007 Hermann was the subject of a mild controversy, when DNA-testing proved that he had, during his years as a public official, fathered a child out of wedlock. A lawyer named Lúðvík Gizurarson had for several years claimed to be Hermann's illegitimate son. After several years of legal battles, Lúðvík's case was put to a DNA-test which turned out positive.

Persondata
NAME= Jónasson, Hermann
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Icelandic politician
DATE OF BIRTH=December 25, 1896
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=January 22, 1976
PLACE OF DEATH=


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  • Hermann Jonasson — Hermann Jónasson (* 25. Dezember 1896; † 22. Januar 1976) war ein isländischer Politiker der Fortschrittspartei (Framsóknarflokkurinn) sowie zweimaliger Premierminister von Island. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 1.1 Berufliche Laufbahn und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Jónasson — (* 25. Dezember 1896; † 22. Januar 1976) war ein isländischer Politiker der Fortschrittspartei (Framsóknarflokkurinn) sowie zweimaliger Premierminister von Island. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 1.1 Berufliche Laufbahn und Premierminister von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Jónasson — (25 de diciembre de 1896 22 de enero de 1976), político de Islandia, dos veces primer ministro de su país. Miembro del Partido Progresista, su primer período transcurrió entre el 28 de julio de 1934 y el 16 de mayo de 1942. Este período incluyó… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Jonasson — ist ein patronymisch gebildeter schwedischer Familienname mit der Bedeutung „Sohn des Jonas“.[1] Bei dem Namen Jónasson handelt es sich um einen ebenfalls patronymisch gebildeten isländischen Personennamen mit der entsprechenden Bedeutung „Sohn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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