Azriel (Jewish mystic)

Azriel (Jewish mystic)

Azriel of Gerona, Azriel ben Menahem (Heb. עזריאל בן מנחם), (c.1160- c.1238), was one of the most important Jewish mystics in the Catalan town of Girona (north of Barcelona) during the thirteenth century when it was an important center of the Kabbalah. He is the teacher of the most important figure from the kabbalist community of Girona, Nahmanides. [cite web | title=AZRIEL (EZRA) BEN MENAHEM (BEN SOLOMON) | author= Kaufmann Kohler & Isaac Broydé| work=Jewish Encyclopedia | url= | accessdate=2006-10-08]

Azriel was the most important student of the mystic Isaac the Blind. His writings covered subjects pertaining to the sefirot and included his mystical interpretation of Jewish liturgy and of the aggadah. He took on Gabirol's philosophical work to integrate it into the ten sefirot. [cite web | title=Shelomo Ben Yehuda Ibn Gabirol | work=Sephardic Sages | url= | accessdate=2006-10-08]

While his teacher Isaac the Blind considered Divine Thought to be the first supernatural quality to emanate from the Ayn Sof (or Divine Being), Azriel argued that Divine Will was the first emanation. Therefore, it was the act of the will rather than the act of the intellect that was the first manifestation of God’s Divine Being.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Azriel — The name Azrael is the traditional angel of death in many religions.Azriel and Azrael may also refer to: *Azriel (Jewish mystic) (c. 1160 c. 1238), also known as Azriel of Gerona *Azriel Hildesheimer (1820 1899), German rabbi *Azriel Rabinowitz… …   Wikipedia

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LITURGY — has conventionally been understood as the words that Jews recite in public worship. While written words are almost all that remains from earlier times, the study of liturgy today understands that the ways that these words are performed shapes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of rabbis — This is a list of prominent rabbis. Rabbis are Judaism s spiritual and religious leaders. See also : List of Jews.Rabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ): See Mishnah, Tannaim .* Shimon Hatzadik * Antigonus of SokhoRabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ) (… …   Wikipedia

  • Kabbalah — This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. For other Kabbalistic traditions see Christian Cabbalah, Hermetic Qabalah, and Practical Kabbalah Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • Devekut — Hasidism is known in secular Jewish culture and Neo Hasidism for its dveikus …   Wikipedia

  • ZOHAR — (Heb. זֹהַר; (The Book of) Splendor ), the central work in the literature of the kabbalah . Introduction In some parts of the book the name Zohar is mentioned as the title of the work. It is also cited by the Spanish kabbalists under other names …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤASIDEI ASHKENAZ — ḤASIDEI ASHKENAZ, a social and ideological circle, with a particular religious outlook, in medieval German Jewry. The first centers of the movement were Regensburg in southern Germany and the communities of Speyer, Worms, and Mainz on the Rhine;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.