Falkland Islands pound


Falkland Islands pound

Infobox Currency
image_1 = Falkland £1.jpg
image_title_1 = FK£1
image_width_1 = 125
iso_code = FKP
using_countries = "flagicon|Falkland Islands Falkland Islands
flagicon|South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands"
inflation_rate = 3.6%
inflation_source_date = " [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook] ", 1998
pegged_with = pound sterling at par
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
subunit_name_1 = penny
symbol = £
symbol_subunit_1 = p
plural =
plural_subunit_1 = pence
used_coins = 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1, £2
coin_article = Coins of the Falkland Islands pound
used_banknotes = £5, £10, £20, £50
issuing_authority_title = Government
issuing_authority = Government of the Falkland Islands
issuing_authority_website = www.falklands.gov.fk

The pound is the currency of the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean. The symbol is the pound sign, "£", or alternatively "FK£", to distinguish it from other pound-denominated currencies. The ISO 4217 currency code is "FKP".

The Falklands pound is (and always has been) pegged to the pound sterling at par and banknotes of both currencies are used interchangeably on the islands (although only notes issued by banks in the United Kingdom are generally accepted in Britain itself). The Falklands pound is also commonly used in South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, a separate British overseas territory some 1332 kilometres (827 mi) to the east (though the official currency of that territory is the pound sterling [ [http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/about-the-fco/country-profiles/south-america/south-georgia-south-sandwich Foreign and Commonwealth Office country profiles: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands] ] ).

History

The pound was introduced following the occupation of the Falklands Islands by the British in 1833. During the earlier Argentinian occupation, the peso had circulated. Initially, British currency circulated, with the pound subdivided into 20 "shillings", each of 12 "pence".

Specific issues of banknotes have been made for the Falkland Islands since 1899. In 1971, the pound was decimalised and subdivided into 100 pence. Coins have been minted specifically for the Falklands since 1974.

Coins

In 1974, ½, 1, 2, 5 and 10 pence coins were introduced. 50 pence coins were introduced in 1980, followed by 20 pence in 1982, 1 pound in 1987 and a circulating 2 pounds in 2004. The ½ penny coin was last issued in 1983 and was demonetised shortly after. Smaller versions of the 5p, 10p and 50p, corresponding to the current UK issues, were issued in 1998, replacing the larger versions (which for the 5p was eight years after its introduction in the UK). The introduction of the circulation £2 coin in 2004 was six years after the same coin was issued in the UK. All the coins have the same composition and size as the corresponding British coins.

Banknotes

Between 1899 and 1901, the government introduced notes for 5 and 10 shillings, 1 and 5 pounds. The 5 shilling notes were issued until 1916. In 1969, in preparation for decimalisation, the 10 shilling note was replaced by a 50 pence note. 10 pound notes were introduced in 1975, followed by 20 pounds in 1984 and 50 pounds in 1990. Banknotes in circulation are:
*5 pounds (red)
*10 pounds (green)
*20 pounds (grey)
*50 pounds (blue, green and red combination)

Falklands' banknotes feature the same images, differing only in their respective denominations and corresponding colours. On the front side, all notes contain a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, the Falklands' coat of arms, a small map of the islands, and images of two of the islands' main animals, penguins and sea lions. On the back, notes feature pictures of Christ Church Cathedral in Stanley and Government House, the official residence of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.

ee also

* Economy of the Falkland Islands

References

*numis cite SCWC|date=1991
*numis cite SCWPM|date=1994

External links

Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Falkland
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Falkland Islands
banknote_world_1_url = falkland_islands
banknote_world_1_name = Falkland Islands
dollarization_1_url =
dollarization_1_name =
gfd_1_url = Falkland_Islands
gfd_1_name = Falkland Islands
gfd_data_1_url =
gfd_data_1_name =
show_gfd_excel = Y


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