Mount Philo State Park


Mount Philo State Park
Mount Philo State Park
The Adirondack Mountains and Lake Champlain seen from the Mt. Philo overlook
Location: 5425 Mount Philo Rd.
Charlotte, Vermont
MPS: Historic Park Landscapes in National and State Parks MPS
NRHP Reference#: 01001286
Added to NRHP: November 29, 2001

Mount Philo State Park is a state park located in Charlotte, Vermont. The 168-acre (0.68 km2) park protects the area around Mount Philo (968 feet high) and provides views of Lake Champlain and the Adirondack Mountains to the west. The Green Mountains (including Camel's Hump in the winter) can be seen to the east and south. It is accessed by trail or steep narrow car road (seasonal).

From the late 19th century to 1924, Mt. Philo was a popular destination for guests of the Mt. Philo Inn. It was accessed by carriage road and had a wooden observation tower at its summit.

The State Park was established in 1924 when Francies Humphreys (Brookline, Ma), owner of the adjacent Mt. Philo Inn, donated the land to the State of Vermont for recreational use. This land would become Vermont's first State Park. In 1929 the carriage road was improved and a summit picnic area was created. From 1935-1937, C.C.C. (Civilian Conservation Corps) crews further enhanced the road and picnic area and built a ranger cabin and camping sites [1].

Biology: From September to November, Mt. Philo is an excellent viewpoint for migrating raptors. Three main types can be viewed: 1) falcons such as the Kestrel or Merlin, 2) accipiters such as the Coopers Hawk, and 3) buteos such as the red-tailed hawk [1].

Geology: Mt. Philo sits atop the Champlain Thrust fault of Middle Ordivician age. It is made up of difficult to weather sedimentary rocks—the Cambrian Monkton Quartzites—that are thrust over younger Ordovician rocks of the Stony Point Formation. The rocks that hold up Mt. Philo were originally deposited during the Cambrian on a passive margin in a warm shallow marine shelf setting along the east coast of Laurentia (Proto North America). These rocks have subsequently been thrust west during the Taconic Orogeny (~450 Ma) and perhaps again during the Acadian Orogeny (~350 Ma).

References

  1. ^ a b Information adapted from the visitor signs at the Mountain Summit

External links



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