Dorothy Schiff

Dorothy Schiff
Dorothy Schiff
Born March 11, 1903
New York City
Died August 30, 1989(1989-08-30) (aged 86)
New York City
Nationality American
Occupation Businesswoman
Known for Owner and publisher of the New York Post

Dorothy Schiff (March 11, 1903—August 30, 1989) was an owner and then publisher of the New York Post for nearly 40 years. She was a granddaughter of financier Jacob H. Schiff. Schiff was interested in social services and reform, and was involved in several welfare groups.


Early life

Schiff was born in New York City into a prominent German Jewish banking family, the daughter of Mortimer Schiff and Adele Neustadt Schiff and the granddaughter of financier Jacob H. Schiff. She attended secondary school at Manhattan's Brearley School and attended Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. Afterward, she began living as a wealthy debutante.

Marriages, The New York Post

Schiff's first marriage came in 1923, in spite of strong resistance by her parents, to Richard B.W. Hall, a broker. In the 1930s when she married George Backer, a city councillor and a staunch liberal Democrat, Schiff's political stance changed and she became a strong supporter of the Democratic party and the New Deal. She was interested in social services and reform, and was involved in several welfare groups, chief among them the Henry Street Settlement. She lived in New York City and had a countryhouse in Bernardsville, New Jersey.[citation needed]

In 1939, Schiff bought control of the New York Post, at the urging of Backer,[1] installing him as publisher and president. When he resigned in 1942, she took up the mantle and became New York's first female newspaper publisher. After divorcing Backer in 1943, she married Ted Thackrey, whom she had earlier installed as editor; it was Thackrey's idea to change the Post's format from a broadsheet to a tabloid. Under her tenure the Post was devoted to liberalism, supporting trade unions and social welfare. During the 1940s, The Post featured the most popular columnists of the time, such as Drew Pearson, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Eric Sevareid. She also wrote her own column called "Dear Reader". In 1945, Schiff launched the Paris Post, the second ever American newspaper to be published in Paris. It lasted until 1948.[citation needed]

Thackrey left the Post after a disagreement over whom to support for the presidency in 1948; Thackrey favored Henry A. Wallace whereas Schiff favored Thomas Dewey. This caused Thackrey to resign in 1949, and they divorced a year later.[citation needed]

Schiff's fourth husband was Rudolph G. Sonneborn.[2]

In 1958, Schiff caused controversy by withdrawing her support at the last minute of Governor Averell Harriman. Though she did not endorse Harriman's opponent, Nelson Rockefeller, the sudden disendorsement of Harriman—it came in the final edition of the Post on the day before the election—swung the vote in Rockefeller's favor, and helped to launch his political career.

Jeffrey Potter's Men, Money and Magic: The Story of Dorothy Schiff, a biography about Schiff, was published in 1976. The book generated significant publicity after The New York Times reported on its front page that Schiff, in the book, claimed to have had an affair with Franklin D. Roosevelt. Schiff denied this, saying she only had a "relationship" with FDR.[citation needed]

Schiff sold the Post to Rupert Murdoch in 1976 [3] for a reported $31 million. It is believed that she was pessimistic about the future of afternoon papers in the city; also, a change in federal inheritance laws would have affected the value of her estate unless she sold the paper when she did. She remained as an official consultant until 1981, although she played no actual role at the paper. She died at her home in New York City on August 30, 1989.[4] A more complete biography, The Lady Upstairs: Dorothy Schiff and the New York Post by Marilyn Nissenson, was published in 2007.


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Dorothy Schiff — (* 11. März 1903 in New York; † 30. August 1989 ebenda) war eine US amerikanische Zeitungsverlegerin. Sie war fast vier Jahrzehnte lang die Eigentümerin der New York Post, die sich in dieser Zeit zu einer einflussreichen liberalen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SCHIFF, DOROTHY — (1903–1989), U.S. newspaper publisher. Born in New York City, she was daughter of jacob schiff . Early interest in civic affairs led her to join the Ellis Island Investigating Commission and the Women s Trade Union League of New York. She became… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schiff — is a German surname meaning ship and may refer to: * Adam Schiff, American politician * András Schiff, Hungarian pianist * Don Schiff, composer, musician, most notable as NS/Stick, Chapman Stick and Electric bass player * Dorothy Schiff, owner… …   Wikipedia

  • Schiff (Begriffsklärung) — Der Begriff Schiff bezeichnet das Schiff als ein großes Wasserfahrzeug, im Gegensatz zum Boot ein Gefäß, insbesondere einen Nachttopf eine gemeine Figur in der Heraldik, siehe Schiff (Heraldik) bei der Deutschen Marine gilt ein Wasserfahrzeug als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorothy auf Zauberwegen — (korrekter wäre eigentlich: Die Straße nach Oz) ist ein Kinderbuch des US amerikanischen Schriftstellers Lyman Frank Baum. Die Erzählung erschien 1909 unter dem Originaltitel The Road to Oz mit Illustrationen von John R. Neill. Dabei handelt es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorothy Gibson — Dorothy Gibson, 1911 Dorothy Gibson (* 17. Mai 1889 in Hoboken, New Jersey als Dorothy Winifred Brown ; † 17. Februar 1946 in Paris) war eine US amerikanische Stummfilmdarstellerin, die hauptsächlich als Überlebende des Titanic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorothy — /dawr euh thee, dor /, n. a female given name, form of Dorothea. * * * (as used in expressions) Day Dorothy Dunaway Dorothy Faye Fields Dorothy Hodgkin Dorothy Mary Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Parker Dorothy Dorothy Rothschild Richardson Dorothy Miller …   Universalium

  • Schiff, Dorothy — born March 11, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 30, 1989, New York City U.S. newspaper publisher. Schiff was a wealthy socialite who in 1939 used family money to buy majority control of the New York Post. In 1943 she took the title of owner… …   Universalium

  • Jacob Schiff — Jacob Henry Schiff, born Jacob Hirsch Schiff (January 10, 1847 ndash; September 25, 1920) was a German born New York City banker and philanthropist, who helped finance, among many other things, the Japanese military efforts against Tsarist Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Wyoming (Schiff) — Die Wyoming, abgetakelt im Hafen von New York 1917 Die Wyoming [waɪˈoʊmɪŋ] war ein US amerikanischer Sechsmastgaffelschoner aus Bath, Maine. Sie war der größte Holz Schoner, der größte Sechsmastschoner und dazu auch das längste Holzschiff der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»