Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico


Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico

Coordinates: 38°30′13″N 077°18′18″W / 38.50361°N 77.305°W / 38.50361; -77.305

MCAF Quantico
Turner Field
Mcas quantico.jpg
Old MCAS Quantico logo
IATA: NYGICAO: KNYGFAA LID: NYG
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator United States Marine Corps
Serves Marine Corps Base Quantico
Location Quantico, Virginia
Built 1919
In use 1919 - present
Commander LtCol Brian L. Magnuson
Occupants HMX-1
Elevation AMSL 10 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 38°30′13″N 77°18′18″W / 38.50361°N 77.30500°W / 38.50361; -77.30500
Website quantico.usmc.mil/...
Map
MCAF Quantico is located in Virginia
MCAF Quantico
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
2/20 4,237 1,291 Asphalt
Sources: Official site[1] and FAA[2]

Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico (MCAF Quantico) (ICAO: KNYGFAA LID: NYG) is a United States Marine Corps airfield located within Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia. It was commissioned in 1919 and is currently home to HMX-1, the squadron that flies the President of the United States. The airfield is also known as Turner Field, after Colonel Thomas C. Turner, a veteran Marine aviator and the second director of Marine Corps Aviation,[3] who lost his life in Haiti in 1931.

Contents

History

Aviation first arrived at Quantico in July 1918, when two kite balloons were flown to spot artillery fire. These forerunners of today's spotter aircraft were soon augmented with the assignment of four seaplanes, which operated from the muddy junction of Chopawamsic Creek and the Potomac River.

In 1919, a flying field was laid out and the land leased to accommodate a squadron returning from World War I combat in Europe. The facility was later named Brown Field, in memory of 2ndLt Walter V. Brown, who lost his life in an early accident at that location. The present site was selected in 1931, when larger and faster planes brought recognition of the limitations and hazards of Brown Field - its single, crosswind runway, bound by trees, hills, swamp, a high tension line and a railroad.

A new airfield was constructed by changing the course and flow of Chopawamsic Creek and reclamation of the marshland from that area. The new facility was named Turner Field.

By 1939, four squadrons — 68 bombers, scout bombers, fighters, transports, utility and observation planes — were based at the airfield. On December 1, 1941, the field was named Marine Corps Air Station Quantico, and placed under operational control of the Commanding General, Marine Barracks.

In 1947, Marine Helicopter Squadron One was established at Quantico to pioneer an entirely new concept in air operation; to evaluate and test, in coordination with the Landing Force development Center, the theory of carrying troops to the battle zone by helicopter.

By the close of the Korean War, helicopters had gained permanent acceptance by the military for tactical and logistical support operations. Effective 15 November 1976, MCAS Quantico was re-designated as Marine Corps Air Facility (MCAF), Quantico, Virginia. MCAF Quantico is currently the home of Headquarters Squadron (HqSqn), Marine Helicopter Squadron One (HMX-1), and home to Marine One.

HMX-1, in addition to its tactical development mission, flies the President of the United States and provides helicopter support for the Marine Corps Combat Development Command.

On 1 October 2005, MCAF Quantico was reorganized under the Commanding General, Marine Corps Installations East, headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ MCAF Quantico, official site, retrieved 2007-11-12
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for NYG (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-10-25
  3. ^ "Directors of Marine Corps Aviation, 1919-1962". History of Marine Corps Aviation. AcePilots.com. http://www.acepilots.com/usmc/main.html. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms — Coordinates: 34°28′00″N 116°07′00″W / 34.4666667°N 116.1166667°W / 34.4666667; 116.1166667 …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Corps Base Quantico — Quantico, Virginia MCB Quantico logo …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Corps Installations East — MCI East Insignia Active Country United Sta …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Corps Tactical Systems Support Activity — MCTSSA Insignia Active Country …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Corps University — The Marine Corps University reports to the United States Marine Corps Training And Education Command. It was established on August 1, 1989 by General Alfred M. Gray, Jr., then Commandant of the Marine Corps. Marine Corps University is accredited… …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Corps Institute — The Marine Corps Institute, commonly referred to as MCI, develops and maintains a curriculum of Marine Corps education. Subjects include infantry strategy/tactics, leadership skills, MOS qualifications, personal finance, and mathematics.… …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of the Marine Corps — Established 2006 Location 18900 Jefferson Davis Highway Triangle, Virginia Type Military History Director Lin Ezell Public transit access none …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States Marine Corps acronyms and expressions — This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps. Many of the words or phrases have varying levels of acceptance among different units or… …   Wikipedia

  • List of U.S. Marine Corps acronyms and expressions — This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps. Many of the words or phrases have varying levels of acceptance among different units or… …   Wikipedia

  • Hispanics in the United States Marine Corps — The Korean War also witnessed an increase in the recruitment of Hispanic women in the Marine Corps. Among them was Rose Franco who became one of the first female Chief Warrant Officers in the U.S. Marine Corps.CWO3 Rose Franco, who in 1965 was… …   Wikipedia