Hucul pony


Hucul pony

Infobox Horse
name= Hucul Pony


image_caption= A Hucul Pony shown in-hand
features =
altname= Carpathian Pony
nickname=
country= Romania
group1=
std1=
group2=
std2=
notrecognized=
extinct=
note= |

The Hucul or Carpathian is a pony or small horse breed originally from the Carpathian Mountains. It has a heavy build and possesses great endurance and hardiness. The breed is also referred to as the Carpathian pony, Huculska, Hutsul, Huţul, Huţan or Huzul.

Hucul ponies are usually calm and are used for both trail riding and pulling timber in otherwise inaccessible forested areas. They are usually dark bay or gray.

History

The Hucul is arguablyFact|date=September 2007 the most direct descendant of the Eurasian wild horse Tarpan (now extinct). It is named after the small ethnic group of Hutsuls. However, the horse breed is much older than the Hutsul people. The Huculs are probably depicted on the monuments erected by Roman Emperors Domitian and Trajan, as Dacian draft horses. The breed was mentioned for the first time in written resources around 400 years ago (as the "Mountain Tarpan"). Unlike the Polish Konik, the Hucul has been only rarely cross-bred with domestic horses.

In the 19th century, the Huculs were used by the Austro-Hungarian Army.

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In 1856, the first stud farm was established at Rădăuţi, Romania. Several bloodlines were established by the foundation stallions Goral, Hroby, Ouşor, Pietrousu and Prislop, and the horses were carefully bred to preserve the purity of these bloodlines. In 1922, thirty-three horses were sent to Czechoslovakia to establish a herd there which would become the Gurgul line. World War II caused a severe decline in the number of Hucul horses in Czechoslovakia. After the end of the war, only 300 Hucul horses remained there. It was not until the early 1970s that breeders established an organization, Hucul Club, to prevent the extinction there caused by the declining number. In 1982 they established a stud book with fifty purebred animals and the goal of increasing the numbers in that region.

Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the world population of these horses now exceeds 1,000. Most of them live in Poland, Slovakia, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Ukraine. Many ponies in Europe also have Hucul blood.

Today, Huculs ponies are bred mainly in the {Bolvarian} region of Romania as well as Hungary. In recent years the popularity of this bred has spread as far as England.

Breeding centers

* Romania: Lucina
* Poland : Gładyszów, Odrzechowa
* Slovakia: Topoľčianky
* Hungary: Aggtelek
* Czech republic: Prague

External links

* [http://www.worldofhorses.co.uk/horses_usa/Breeds/horse_breed_Hucul_Pony.htm Horse Breeds - The Hucul Pony]
* [http://www.imh.org/imh/bw/hucul.html Hucul or Carpathian Pony]
* [http://www.odrzechowa.izoo.krakow.pl Orders, prizes, photos, Odrzechowa, Poland]


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