Phenylalanine 2-monooxygenase


Phenylalanine 2-monooxygenase

In enzymology, a phenylalanine 2-monooxygenase (EC number|1.13.12.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

:L-phenylalanine + O2 ightleftharpoons 2-phenylacetamide + CO2 + H2O

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-phenylalanine and O2, whereas its 3 products are 2-phenylacetamide, CO2, and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on single donors with O2 as oxidant and incorporation of two atoms of oxygen into the substrate (oxygenases). The oxygen incorporated need not be derived from O with incorporation of one atom of oxygen (internal monooxygenases o internal mixed-function oxidases). The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-phenylalanine:oxygen 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating). Other names in common use include L-phenylalanine oxidase (deaminating and decarboxylating), and phenylalanine (deaminating, decarboxylating)oxidase. This enzyme participates in phenylalanine metabolism.

References

*
*
*
*

External links

::"The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is CAS registry|84012-76-0."

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase — phen·yl·al·a·nine 4 mono·ox·y·gen·ase (fen″əl alґə nēn mon″o okґsə jən ās) (EC 1.14.16.1) official nomenclature for phenylalanine hydroxylase …   Medical dictionary

  • Phenylalanine hydroxylase — predicted 3D structure of phenylalanine hydroxylase …   Wikipedia

  • phenylalanine hydroxylase — (PAH) phen·yl·al·a·nine hy·drox·y·lase (PAH) (fen″əl alґə nēn hi drokґsə lās) a monooxygenase that activates molecular oxygen to catalyze the oxidation of phenylalanine to tyrosine, activating oxygen via oxidation… …   Medical dictionary

  • phenylalanine — 2 Amino 3 phenylpropionic acid; the l isomer is one of the common amino acid s in proteins; a nutritionally essential amino acid. p. ammonia lyase a nonmammalian enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of l p. to trans cinnamate and ammonia; it has… …   Medical dictionary

  • Methane monooxygenase — Particulate methane monooxygenase Identifiers Symbol pMMO Pfam PF02461 …   Wikipedia

  • Flavin-containing monooxygenase — FMO Identifiers Symbol Flavin mOase Pfam PF00743 InterPro …   Wikipedia

  • Trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase — In enzymology, a trans cinnamate 4 monooxygenase (EC number|1.14.13.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:trans cinnamate + NADPH + H+ + O2 ightleftharpoons 4 hydroxycinnamate + NADP+ + H2OThe 4 substrates of this enzyme are trans …   Wikipedia

  • Melilotate 3-monooxygenase — Identifiers EC number 1.14.13.4 CAS number 37256 72 7 …   Wikipedia

  • Trans-cinnamate 2-monooxygenase — In enzymology, a trans cinnamate 2 monooxygenase (EC number|1.14.13.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:trans cinnamate + NADPH + H+ + O2 ightleftharpoons 2 hydroxycinnamate + NADP+ + H2OThe 4 substrates of this enzyme are trans …   Wikipedia

  • monophenol monooxygenase — 1. A copper containing oxidoreductase that catalyzes the oxidation of o diphenols to o quinones by O2, with the incorporation of one of the two oxygen atoms in the product; it also catalyzes the oxidation of monophenols, such as l tyrosine, to… …   Medical dictionary