- Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden (
May 15, 1819– October 23, 1893) was a lawyer, politician, and Union general during the American Civil War.
Crittenden was born in
Russellville, Kentucky, the son of U.S. Senator John J. Crittenden, brother of Confederate general George B. Crittenden, and cousin of Union general Thomas Turpin Crittenden. He married Catherine Todd, the daughter of his father's second wife. Their son, John Jordan Crittenden III, served in the United States Armyand died with Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custerat the Battle of Little Bighornin 1876.
Crittenden was admitted to the bar and served in the
United States Armyduring Mexican-American Waras a volunteer aide to General Zachary Taylorand as lieutenant colonel of the 3rd Kentucky Volunteer Infantry. After the war's end he served as U.S. consul in Liverpool.
When the Civil War began in 1861, Kentucky was a state that declared its neutrality and was at risk of supporting the Confederacy. Crittenden and his father remained loyal to the Union, but his brother joined the
Confederate Army, a sad, but common, occurrence in this border state. Crittenden had been a major general in the Kentucky militiasince 1860. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in September and placed in command of the 5th Division in the Army of the Ohio. He led the division at the Battle of Shilohin 1862. After Shiloh he was appointed major general of volunteers and commanded the II Corps in the Army of the Ohioduring the Perryville Campaign although his corps was only lightly engaged in the fighting.
When Maj. Gen.
William S. Rosecransassumed command of the army, Crittenden's forces were redesignated the Left Wing of the Army of the Cumberlandand were heavily engaged at the Battle of Stones River. (He received a brevet promotion to brigadier general in the regular army in 1867 for his service at Stones River.) The Army of the Cumberland was reorganized and Crittenden's corps was once again renamed, this time the XXI Corps. He led the corps through the Tullahoma Campaignand at the Battle of Chickamauga. Crittenden and fellow corps commander Alexander McDowell McCookwere blamed for the defeat and relieved of command, but both were later exonerated and acquitted of any charges. During the Battle of Spotsylvaniain 1864, Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Stevensonwas killed leading the 1st Division, IX Corps. Stevenson was immediately superseded by Col. Daniel Leasure. The decision was made to replace the colonel with a more experienced commander and General Crittenden was chosen to take command of the division. He assumed command on May 12 and led it during the final days of Spotsylvania and through the Battle of Cold Harbor, before resigning on December 13, 1864.
After the war Crittenden served as the state
treasurerof Kentucky and was appointed as a colonel and then brevetted to brigadier general in the regular army before retiring in 1881. He died in Annandale, Staten Island, New York, and is buried in Frankfort, Kentucky.
*List of American Civil War generals
* Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., "Civil War High Commands", Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
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