Spiritual materialism

Spiritual materialism

"Spiritual materialism" or spiritual narcissism are terms used to describe mistakes spiritual seekers commit which turn the pursuit of spiritualism into an ego building and confusion creating endeavor.Ferrer (2001) p.35] This is based on the idea that ego development is counter to spiritual progress. Chögyam Trungpa coined the term "spiritual materialism" with his book "Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism" from talks explaining Buddhism given while opening a meditation center in Boulder, Colorado.

Conventionally, it is also used to describe capitalist or commercial efforts such as "new age" bookstores and wealthy lecturers on spirituality. Also it might mean the attempt to build up a list of credentials or accumulate teachings in order to present oneself as a more realized or holy person.Potter and Potter (2006) pp.102-103] Author Jorge Ferrer equates the terms, though others draw a distinction that spiritual narcissism is believing that one deserves love and respect [ [http://www.integralworld.net/larsson.html SPIRITUAL NARCISSISM by V. GUNNAR LARSSON] ] or is better than another [Hart (2004) p.218] because one has accumulated spiritual training instead of the belief that accumulating training will bring an end to suffering.

In Trungpa's presentation, spiritual materialism is one of three errors - what he calls three "Lords of Materialism" (Tibetan: "lalo" literally "barbarian") in which a form of materialism is mistaken to bring long term happiness but instead generally only brings short term entertainment, followed by longer term suffering:

# Physical materialism is the belief that possessions can bring release from suffering. In Trungpa's view, they may bring temporary happiness but then more suffering in the endless pursuit of creating one's environment to be just right. Or on another level it may cause a misuderstanding like, "I am rich because I have this or that" or "I am a teacher (or whatever) because I have a diploma (or whatever)."
# Psychological materialism is the belief that a particular philosophy, belief system, or point of view will bring release from suffering. So seeking refuge by strongly identifying with a particular religion, [Carson (2003) p.20] philosophy, political party or viewpoint, for example, would be psychological materialism. From this the conventional usage of spiritual materialism arises, by identifying oneself as Buddhist or some other label, or by collecting initiations and spiritual accomplishments, one further constructs a solidified view of ego.
# Spiritual materialism is the belief that a certain temporary state of mind is a refuge from suffering. An example would be using meditation practices to create a peaceful state of mind, or using drugs or alcohol to remain in a numbed out or a blissful state. According to Trungpa, these states are temporary and merely heighten the suffering when they cease. So attempting to maintain a particular emotional state of mind as a refuge from suffering, or constantly pursuing particular emotional states of mind like being in love, will actually lead to more long term suffering.

The underlying source of these three approaches to finding happiness is based, according to Trungpa, on the mistaken notion that one's ego is inherently existent and a valid point of view. He claims that is incorrect, and therefore the materialistic approaches have an invalid basis to begin with. The message in summary is, "Don't try to reinforce your ego through material things, belief systems like religion, or certain emotional states of mind." In his view, the point of religion is to show you that your ego doesn't really exist inherently. Ego is something you build up to make you think you exist, but you don't need to do so.

The Lojong slogan, "Treat all dharmas as dreams" is a contemplation one may use to cut through all three types of materialism.


Not all spiritual traditions claim that developing one's ego or sense of self is contrary to spiritual development. And not all traditions believe that states of mind brought on by meditation practice are problematic.


* Carson, Richard David (2003) "Taming Your Gremlin: A Surprisingly Simple Method for Getting Out of Your Own Way" ISBN 0-06052-022-1
* Ferrer, Jorge Noguera (2001) "Revisioning Transpersonal Theory: A Participatory Vision of Human Spirituality" ISBN 0-79145-168-2
* Hart, Tobin (2004) "The Secret Spiritual World of Children" ISBN 1-93072-219-2
* Potter, Richard and Potter, Jan (2006) "Spiritual Development for Beginners: A Simple Guide to Leading a Purpose Filled Life" ISBN 0-73870-750-3
* Trungpa, Chögyam (1973). "Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism". Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, Inc. ISBN 1-57062-957-9.

External links

* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/tib/cutting.htm "Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism" excerpts]
* [http://shambhala.org/teachings/view.php?id=73 Video of Boulder talks on the subject by Chögyam Trungpa]

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