- Formula racing
**Formula racing**is a term that refers to various forms of open wheeled single seater motorsport. Its origin lies in the nomenclature that was adopted by the FIA for all of its post-World War II single seater regulations, or . The best known of these formulae areFormula One ,Formula Two , andFormula Three . Common usage of "formula racing" is now more generic and encompasses most single seater series, including theGP2 Series , which replacedFormula 3000 .Categories such as Formula Three and GP2 are described as

**feeder formulae**, which refers to their position below Formula One on thecareer ladder of single seater motor racing. There are two primary forms of racing formula: the open formula that allows a choice of chassis and/or engines; and the control or "spec" formula that relies on a single supplier for chassis and engines.Formula Three is an example of an open formula, whileFormula BMW is a control formula.**The first racing formulae****Formula One**In the process of reviving Grand Prix racing after the end of World War II, the

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile 's Commission Sportive Internationale was responsible for defining the standardised regulations ofFormula One in 1946. The first race to be run to the early Formula One regulations was a non-championship Grand prix atTurin in September 1946. The first officially recognised "Drivers' World Championship" was held in 1947 and the "Formula One World Championship" was inaugurated in 1950. This was the first example of formula racing.**Formulae Two and Three**The

Formula Two regulations were first defined in 1947 as a form of B-class below Formula One. [*[*] It was not unusual for some Formula One events to include a number of F2 entries in the same field and the entries in the World Championship seasons of 1952-53 comprised exclusively F2 cars for reasons of cost. F2 had a patchy history until the inauguration of the "European Formula Two Championship" in 1967. F2 was an open formula that allowed the use of any*http://www.formula2.net/ Formula Two*] From "formula2.net." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.chassis that met the prescribed regulations; it was well supported during the 1970s, with chassis fromTecno ,March Engineering ,Toleman ,Ralt ,Matra and others. The European championship ran continually until the creation of its successor,Formula 3000 , in 1985. [*[*]*http://www.oldracingcars.com/f2/ F2*] From "oldracingcars.com." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.Formula Three has a longer history; unlike Formula Two, it still exists today, with at least ten active championships around the world. It was created by the FIA in 1950 as the low cost entry point to single seater formula racing. In 1959, it was replaced by a technically similar formula calledFormula Junior , before Formula Three was reintroduced in 1964. [*[*] Like the other FIA-derived formulae, F3 is an open class that permits a choice of chassis and engines. Notable championships include the*http://www.motorsportsetc.com/champs/gbr_f3.htm British F3 Champions*] From "motorsportsetc.com." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.F3 Euroseries , the British F3 Championship, and the Formel 3 Cup.**Recent history**The FIA-sanctioned category directly below Formula One has been subject to two significant evolutions in its history. The first occurred in 1985 when the "FIA

Formula 3000 International Championship" was launched as a modern successor to Formula Two. Formula 3000 retained the open chassis approach, but used a single engine supply of 3.0litre V8s fromCosworth . The formula later adopted a single chassis supply from Lola with engines that were built by Judd and supplied byZytek . The second major evolution came in 2005 when Formula 3000 was replaced by theGP2 Series . This uses a single chassis fromDallara and aRenault -badged 4.0litre V8.**Car manufacturers**The

Ford Motor Company was the first car manufacturer to become involved in the creation of an eponymous single seater formula whenFormula Ford was developed in theUnited Kingdom in 1966-67. The cars made their race debut in July 1967. [*[*] Formula Ford is and always has been an open formula with for chassis suppliers. Current suppliers include*http://www.bmrc.co.uk/ffhistory.htm FFord History*] From "bmrc.co.uk." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.Van Diemen , Mygale, and Ray. [*[*] Various specifications and capacities of 4-cylinder Ford road car engines have been used; the current cars are equipped with a 1.6*http://www.britishformulaford.co.uk/results/2007/const.pdf British FFord Constructors' Standings*] From "britishformulaford.co.uk." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.litre "Duratec" engine.Renault quickly followed Ford's lead by devising the nationalFormula Renault championships inFrance in 1971. [*[*] Since then, Formula Renault has expanded to include championships in the*http://www.renault-sport.com/fr/circuit/france_2000/presentation.php History of Formula Renault*] From "renault-sport.com." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.United Kingdom ,Italy ,Germany ,Brazil and many other countries. There is also a European championship. Renault's increased involvement in motor racing resulted in the creation of a second European series for larger V6-powered cars. The "Formula Renault V6 Eurocup" ran for two seasons before folding in a reorganisation of Renault's motor racing activities. The company took control of the Spanish-based "World Series by Nissan" and developed it into theWorld Series by Renault .BMW developedFormula BMW inGermany in 2001-2002, after supplying engines for its predecessor, the Formula ADAC championship. [*[*] Formula BMW now comprises four championships in Germany, the*http://www.formulabmwusa.com/concept_history/ Formula BMW History*] From "formulabmwusa.com". Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.United Kingdom , theUnited States andEast Asia , as well as an annual World Final at which the best drivers from each championship are invited to compete.**Outside Europe**Formula-style single seater racing can be found around the world in countries that have not adopted the

career ladder of the common European formulae.Japan 's highest level single seater championship isFormula Nippon , which is equivalent to GP2 and its predecessors. It began in 1973, using Formula Two regulations, and then adopted Formula 3000 regulations from 1987 to 1996. Since then, it has used chassis and engines that are built to its own proprietary ruleset. It now uses a single chassis from Lola and two engine options fromHonda andToyota . [*[*]*http://www.speedsportmag.com/en/formula_nippon/entrylist.php?sid=248 2007 Formula Nippon Entry List*] From "speedsportmag.com." Retrieved onAugust 28 2007.The

United States , too, has unique feeder formulae of its own. Since 1974, the most common route to top-level single seaters was "Formula Atlantic", which is now known as theAtlantic Championship . It was later joined by theFirestone Indy Lights Series, first ran byCART and later revived by the IRL. Atlantic joined its rival in support of theIndyCar Series after the latter's merger withChamp Car in 2008. Below this level sits the Star Mazda Championship, which is approximately equivalent to Formula Three.East Asia 's racing culture is relatively young, but it already has its own Formula BMW championship and a Formula Three series. The cars that were built for the Formula Renault V6 Eurocup are now used in "Formula Asia V6" and next year, a new Asian GP2 championship will take place. [*[*]*http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/59092 Asian GP2 series confirmed*] From "autosport.com,May 24 2007. Retrieved onAugust 31 2007.**Notes and references**

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