Sandy Wollaston


Sandy Wollaston

Alexander Frederick Richmond “Sandy” Wollaston (1875 - 3 June 1930) was a British medical doctor, ornithologist, botanist, climber and explorer.

Wollaston studied medicine at King's College, Cambridge, graduating in 1896 and qualifying as a surgeon in 1903. However, he disliked the medical profession and preferred to spend his life on exploration and natural history. He travelled extensively, visiting Lapland, the Dolomites, Sudan and Japan, as well as participating in an expedition to the Ruwenzori Mountains of Uganda in 1905.

Expeditions to New Guinea

Wollaston participated in the BOU Expedition to the Snow Mountains of Netherlands New Guinea in 1910-11. The main aim was to climb the highest mountains there as well as to collect biological and ethnological specimens. However, the expedition was unsuccessful in its primary aim largely because of obfuscation by the Dutch authorities. [ Wollaston, Alexander Frederick Richmond. (1912). "Pygmies and Papuans: the Stone Age to-day in Dutch New Guinea". Smith, Elder & Co: London.]

In 1912-13 Wollaston led a second expedition (the Wollaston Expedition) to New Guinea. There he succeeded in climbing to within 150 m of the summit of the Carstensz Pyramid, at 4884 m the highest peak on the island, and one not summited until 1962. [ [http://www.papua-insects.nl/history/Wollaston%20expedition/Wollaston%20expedition.htm Papua Insects Foundation: Wollaston Expedition] ] [ Wollaston, Alexander Frederick Richmond. (1914). "An expedition to Dutch New Guinea". "Geographical Journal" 43(3): 248-273.] He is commemorated in the name of a bat - Wollaston's Roundleaf Bat, "Hipposideros wollastoni".

A third expedition to New Guinea was planned but fell through because of the outbreak of the first world war, during which he served as a surgeon in the Royal Navy.

Wollaston took part (as doctor, ornithologist and botanist) in the first British reconnaissance expedition to Mount Everest in 1921. It was in the course of this expedition that he discovered a new Primula, a flower which was subsequently named after him as Wollaston’s Primrose, "Primula wollastonii". [ [http://imagingeverest.rgs.org/Units/104.html Royal Geographic Society - Imaging Everest Biographies: Alexander Frederick Richmond Wollaston] ]

In 1923 Wollaston married Mary "Polly" Meinertzhagen, the sister of Richard Meinertzhagen, with whom he had three children.

Wollaston was invited by John Maynard Keynes to be a tutor at Cambridge. He was killed in 1930 in his rooms at King's College by a deranged student, D.N. Potts, who fatally shot Wollaston and a police officer before shooting himself in a triple murder-suicide. [Garfield, Brian. (2007). "The Meinertzhagen Mystery. The Life and Legend of a Colossal Fraud". Potomac Books: Washington. p.174. ISBN 978-1 59797-041-7]

Bibliography

Books authored by Wollaston include:
* 1908 - "From Ruwenzori to the Congo: a Naturalist's Journey Across Africa". John Murray: London.
* 1912 - "Pygmies and Papuans: the Stone Age to-day in Dutch New Guinea". Smith, Elder & Co: London.
* 1921 - "Life of Alfred Newton, Professor of Comparative Anatomy Cambridge University, 1866-1907". John Murray: London.

References

Further reading

* Ballard, Chris; Vink, Steven; & Ploeg, Anton. (2001). "Race to the Snow. Photography and the exploration of Dutch New Guinea, 1907-1936". Royal Tropical Institute: Amsterdam. ISBN 9068325116
* Wollaston, Nicholas. (2003). "My Father, Sandy". Short Books. ISBN 1904095445


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wollaston — may refer to: NOTOC PlacesAustralia* John Wollaston Anglican Community School, private school in Kelmscott, Perth, Western Australia * Wollaston, Western Australia, suburb of Bunbury, Western AustraliaCanada* Wollaston Islands (Nunavut) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Sandy — forcetoc Sandy may refer to:Places;United Kingdom *Sandy, Bedfordshire, England *Sandy, Carmarthenshire, Wales;United States *Sandy, Oregon *Sandy, Pennsylvania *Sandy Run, a stream in Pennsylvania *Sandy, Utah *Big Sandy, Tennessee *Sandy Spring …   Wikipedia

  • Sandy — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Cinéma 2 Toponymes 3 Musique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wollaston's Roundleaf Bat — Taxobox name = Wollaston s Roundleaf Bat status = LR/nt | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Chiroptera familia = Hipposideridae genus = Hipposideros species = H. wollastoni binomial =… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Frederick Richmond Wollaston — Surnom Sandy Naissance 1875 Décès 3 juin 1930 Cambridge Nationalité Britannique Pays de résidence Royaume Uni …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste der IATA-Codes/Z — Diese Teilliste führt alle IATA Flughafen Codes auf, die mit „Z“ beginnen, und enthält Informationen zu den bezeichneten Verkehrsknotenpunkten. IATA Codes   A B C D E F G H …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of beaches in New England — A beach on the coast of Massachusetts on a foggy early spring day. This is a list of beaches in New England sorted by state then town. Beaches are not exclusively all on seashores but may also be located on lakes, rivers or other bodies of water …   Wikipedia

  • Lacs du Canada — Liste des lacs du Canada Cet article tente de recenser la liste des lacs du Canada. Le Canada est réputé pour posséder un très grand nombre de lacs ; le nombre de lacs plus grand que 3 km² est estimé à 31 190 par l Atlas du Canada et il n… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Lacs Du Canada — Cet article tente de recenser la liste des lacs du Canada. Le Canada est réputé pour posséder un très grand nombre de lacs ; le nombre de lacs plus grand que 3 km² est estimé à 31 190 par l Atlas du Canada et il n existe aucune estimation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des lacs du Canada — Cette liste est incomplète ou mal ordonnée. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Cet article tente de recenser la liste des lacs du Canada. Le Canada est réputé pour posséder un très grand nombre de lacs ; le nombre de lacs dont la superficie… …   Wikipédia en Français