- Liggett Group
Liggett Group, formerly known as Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company, is the fourth largest tobacco company in the United StatesFact|date=September 2007 . Its headquarters are located in
Durham, North Carolina, though its manufacturing facility is 30 miles to the west in Mebane, North Carolina. The company is a subsidiary of holding company Vector Group.
John Edmund Liggett's grandfather, Christopher Foulks, was the owner of a snuff mill in
New Egypt, New Jersey. During the War of 1812the mill was razed by British soldiers. Foulks moved west around 1820 and opened a new snuff shop in Belleville, Illinois, in 1822. In 1833 he moved his tobacco business to St. Louis, Missouri, where in 1844 - 1847 (dates uncertain) John Edmund Liggett entered his grandfather's business.
By 1858, Foulks's company was known as J. E. Liggett and Brother. Around 1869 the company created the first blended cigarettes, using a mixture of Turkish and Virginia tobaccos. A partnership was formed with George Smith Myers of Missouri, and in 1873 The Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company was incorporated.
In 1876, Liggett & Myers introduced L&M plug chewing tobacco, during the 1880's it entered the cigarette business and by 1885 the company had become the world's largest manufacturer of plug chewing tobacco.
John E. Liggett died in 1897 and two years later Liggett & Myers was acquired by
American Tobacco Company, controlled by James Buchanan Duke. George S. Myers died in 1910 and the following year the U.S. Court of Appeals issued a Dissolution Decree to the American Tobacco Company which created the opportunity for Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company to be reborn.
Liggett & Myers continued to release new brands. In 1912, Chesterfield was reintroduced as a Turkish-Virginia blended cigarette and in 1915 Burley and Maryland tobaccos were added to Chesterfield blend. It was in 1916 that Chesterfield became the first cigarette to add a moisture-proof, overall cover to the paper and foil pack.
By 1921, cigarettes had become the most used form of tobacco. Continuing to innovate, in 1952, Liggett & Myers using Chesterfield became the first to offer cigarettes in two sizes: King and Regular.
In 1963, Lark charcoal filter cigarettes were introduced. In 1968 the company changed its name to Liggett & Myers, Incorporated.
In 1970, the Eve brand was launched in regular and menthol.
The company again changed its name in 1976 to Liggett Group, Inc., with Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company as a division.
In 1980, Eve 120's were launched nationally and the same year Liggett was acquired by Grand Metropolitan PLC. In 1981 Liggett introduces generic cigarette concept. Another name change took place in 1983, this time the head company becoming GrandMet USA with the tobacco company officially named Liggett Group Inc.
Bennett S. LeBowpurchased Liggett from Grand Metropolitan. In 1987, Liggett's stock was offered publicly on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1988, Liggett introduces Pyramid cigarettes. In 1990 Liggett became a subsidiary of Brooke Group Ltd., a holding company owned by Mr. LeBow. In 1990, The Wall Street Journalacclaims Pyramid as "one of the most successful cigarette introductions of the decade". 1992 marked the year that Eve & Lark were relaunched with new packaging and backed by large advertising and promotional campaigns. In 1993, Liggett developed its Control Label concept, offering customers exclusivity to market Control Brands owned by Liggett. By 1994 Liggett had expanded its Control Label family to a total of 8 brands.
In 1995-1996, the company attempted unsuccessfully to take over the much larger
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.
In 1996 - 1997, Liggett Group had become the first tobacco company to settle smoking related litigation brought by the Attorneys General of several states. In 1998 Liggett signed tobacco litigation Master Settlement Agreement and 1999 saw the formation of Vector Tobacco Inc.
In 1999, Liggett Vector Brands Inc. sold L&M, Lark and Chesterfield brands to
Philip MorrisCompanies Inc., now known as the Altria Group.
Liggett's sister company
Vector Tobaccocurrently makes a genetically enhanced nicotine free cigarette: Quest (cigarette)
* [http://www.liggettgroup.com/index.jsp Liggett Group]
* [http://www.wclynx.com/burntofferings/packsliggettmyers.html History]
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