Macedonian pronouns


Macedonian pronouns

A pronoun (заменка) is a substitute for a noun or a noun phrase, or things previously mentioned or understood from the context. These are words like јас 'I', мене 'me', себе 'himself, herself', ова 'this', кој 'who, which', некој 'somebody', никој 'nobody', сите 'all', секој 'everybody'.

Macedonian pronouns decline for case ('падеж'), i.e., their function in a phrase as subject (ex. јас 'I'), direct object (него 'him'), or object of a preposition (од неа 'from her').

Based on their meaning and the function in the sentence, pronouns are fall into in the following categories:

Interrogative pronouns

Interrogative pronouns (прашални заменки) refer to an unknown person, object, quality or quantity and agree with the noun they denote in gender and number. Personal interrogative pronouns have two cases, nominative and genitive (кој, when it refers to a person and is used without a noun, also has accusative and dative forms — кого and кому respectively). They are also used with nonhuman beings (animals and objects). Quality interrogative pronouns are used for asking one to specify the word in question. They are translated in English as what/what kind of/what sort of.

There is only one interrogative pronoun for quantityколку and it is invariant for gender and number. It is used before plural nouns to ask about their quantity (then it is translated as how much/how many), and before an adjective or adverb to ask about the extent, degree, age, etc., of something or somebody (translated as how).

Demonstrative pronouns

Reflexive pronouns

ummative pronouns

Negative pronouns

Indefinite pronouns


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Macedonian alphabet — Type Alphabet Languages Macedonian Time period 1944–present Pa …   Wikipedia

  • Macedonian Onomastics — Macedonian language On the Macedonian Matters by Krst …   Wikipedia

  • Macedonian language — This article is about the modern Slavic language. For the extinct Paleo Balkan language, see Ancient Macedonian language. For other uses, see Macedonian (disambiguation). Macedonian Македонски јазик Makedonski jazik Pronunciation …   Wikipedia

  • Dialects of Macedonian — Macedonian language On the Macedonian Matters by Krst …   Wikipedia

  • Proto-Indo-European pronouns and particles — have been reconstructed by modern linguists based on similarities found across all Indo European languages. The following article lists and discusses their hypothesized forms.PronounsPIE pronouns are difficult to reconstruct due to their variety… …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgarian language — Not to be confused with Bulgar language. Bulgarian Български език Bălgarski ezik Spoken in Bulgaria, Turkey, Serbia, Greece, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Albania, Kosovo, Repub …   Wikipedia

  • T–V distinction — In sociolinguistics, a T–V distinction is a contrast, within one language, between second person pronouns that are specialized for varying levels of politeness, social distance, courtesy, familiarity, or insult toward the addressee. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Dual (grammatical number) — Dual (abbreviated du) is a grammatical number that some languages use in addition to singular and plural. When a noun or pronoun appears in dual form, it is interpreted as referring to precisely two of the entities (objects or persons) identified …   Wikipedia

  • South Slavic languages — South Slavic Geographic distribution: Eastern Europe Linguistic classification: Indo European …   Wikipedia

  • Old Church Slavonic — словѣньскъ ѩзꙑкъ slověnĭskŭ językŭ Spoken in formerly in Slavic areas, under the influence of Byzantium (both Catholic and Orthodox) Region Eastern Europe Era …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.