Religion in Zambia


Religion in Zambia

Zambia is officially a Christian nation, but a wide variety of religious traditions exist. Traditional religious thought blends easily with Christian beliefs in many of the country's syncretic churches. Christian denominations include: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Pentecostal, New Apostolic Church, Lutheran, Seventh-day Adventist, Jehovah's Witnesses and a variety of Evangelical denominations. These grew, adjusted and prospered from the original missionary settlements (Portuguese and Catholicism in the east from Mozambique) and Anglicanism (English and Scottish influences) from the south. Except for some technical positions (e.g. physicians), western missionary roles have been assumed by native believers. After Frederick Chiluba (a Pentecostal Christian) became President in 1991, Pentecostal congregations expanded considerably around the country.cite paper| author=Matthew Steel| title=Pentecostalism in Zambia : Power, Authority and the Overcomers| version=MSc Dissertation| publisher=University of Wales| date=2005]

Zambian-born Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo was a high-ranking Bishop at the Vatican until he left to marry Maria Sung, a 43-year-old Korean acupuncturist, at a ceremony officiated by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon in New York (May, 2001). He was ex-communicated by the Roman Catholic Church in September, 2006 for conducting a consecration of 4 married men as bishops.

Approximately 5% of the population are Muslims with most living in urban areas.cite web| url=http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2003/23761.htm| title=International Religious Freedom Report 2003| author=Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (U.S. Department of State)| accessdate=2007-10-29] There is also a small Jewish community, composed mostly of Ashkenazis. Notable Jewish Zambians have included Simon Zukas, retired Minister, MP and a member of Forum for Democracy and Development and earlier on the MMD and United National Independence Party. Additionally, the economist Stanley Fischer, currently the governor of the Bank of Israel and formerly head of the IMF also was born and partially raised in Zambia's Jewish community. Ismaili Muslim, Hindu and Sikh communities exist owing to the Indian and Pakistani diasporic community in Zambia. The Bahá'í population of Zambia is over 160,000,cite web| url=http://adherents.com/largecom/com_bahai.html| title=The Largest Baha'i Communities| author=Adherents.com| accessdate=2007-10-29] or 1.5% of the population. The William Mmutle Masetlha Foundationcite web| url=http://www.devlp.com/dla.html#masetlha| title=About DLP| author=DL Publicaciones| accessdate=2007-10-29] run by the Baha'i community is particularly active in areas such as literacy and primary health care.

ee also

*History of Church activities in Zambia
*Hinduism in Zambia
*Islam in Zambia
*Roman Catholicism in Zambia

References


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