- Government reform of Alexander I
Russian system of government instituted by Peter the Great, which consisted of various state committees, each named "Collegium" with subordinate departments named " Prikaz", was largely outdated by the 1800s. The responsibilities of the Collegiums were chosen very randomly and often overlapped.
Soon after Alexander I inherited the throne in 1801, he formed a
Privy Committee(Негласный комитет) which consisted of Viktor Kochubey, Nikolay Novosiltsev, Pavel Stroganovand Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Mikhail Speranskytook an active part in the Committee, although he wasn't a formal member.
The reforms proposed by Speransky were to introduce a parliament and a State Council as legislative and executive bodies of the Tsar and to relieve the
Governing Senateof these functions, transforming it to a kind of Supreme Court. Speransky even prepared the Constitution project.
The reform was stopped by 1810 because of the
Napoleonic warsand growing resistance from conservative nobility, as voiced by Nikolai Karamzin.
Government reform of Peter I
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