Government reform of Alexander I


Government reform of Alexander I

The early Russian system of government instituted by Peter the Great, which consisted of various state committees, each named "Collegium" with subordinate departments named "Prikaz", was largely outdated by the 1800s. The responsibilities of the Collegiums were chosen very randomly and often overlapped.

Soon after Alexander I inherited the throne in 1801, he formed a Privy Committee (Негласный комитет) which consisted of Viktor Kochubey, Nikolay Novosiltsev, Pavel Stroganov and Adam Jerzy Czartoryski. Mikhail Speransky took an active part in the Committee, although he wasn't a formal member.

The reforms proposed by Speransky were to introduce a parliament and a State Council as legislative and executive bodies of the Tsar and to relieve the Governing Senate of these functions, transforming it to a kind of Supreme Court. Speransky even prepared the Constitution project.

The reform was stopped by 1810 because of the Napoleonic wars and growing resistance from conservative nobility, as voiced by Nikolai Karamzin.

ee also

* Government reform of Peter I


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