- Struga Poetry Evenings
Struga Poetry Evenings (
abbreviatedSVE, _mk. Струшки Вечери на Поезијата, СВП; tr. "Struški Večeri na Poezijata", "SVP") is an internationally acclaimed poetryfestival held annually in Struga, Republic of Macedonia. During the several decades of its existence, the Festival has awarded its most prestigious award, the Golden Wreath, to some of the most notable international poets, including: W. H. Auden, Joseph Brodsky, Allen Ginsberg, Bulat Okudzhava, Pablo Neruda, Eugenio Montale, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Artur Lundkvist, Hans Magnus Enzensberger, Ted Hughes, Makoto Ooka, Miroslav Krleža, Yehuda Amichai, Seamus Heaneyand domestic authors such as Blaže Koneski.
The Festival began in 1962 in
Struga, then People's Republic of Macedoniawith Macedonian poets only, while in 1963 it expanded its list of participants with poets from all around the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Miladinov BrothersAward was established for a best poetry book published between two consecutive festivals. By 1966 the event turned into an international cultural festival. The Golden Wreath international award was established in the same year and its first recipient was Robert Rozhdestvensky. Two years later, in a close cooperation with UNESCO, the Festival established another international award called The Bridges of Struga, for a best debut poetry book by a young author. During its long successful existence, the festival has hosted about 4000 poets, translators, essayists and literary critics from about 95 countries of the world. The 2007 laureatewas Mahmoud Darwish.
The Festival has awarded some of the world's most eminent literary figures, including several
Nobel Prize for Literaturewinners such as Joseph Brodsky, Eugenio Montale, Pablo Nerudaand Seamus Heaney, the first African member of the French Academy Léopold Sédar Senghorwho was also a President of Senegal, the official royal Poet Laureate Ted Hughes, W. H. Audenwho is regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, and many others.
A point of interest is that the Festival often awarded foreign poets who were considered
dissidents in their countries, this includes for example the Russian exiled poet Joseph Brodsky, the Chileanpoet Pablo Neruda, the American beatnik Allen Ginsberg, the Soviet bard Bulat Okudzhavaand many others.
In memory of the laureates, the Park of Poetry featuring memorial boards dedicated to each of them was established near the Struga Cultural Center.
The Festival has offices in
Strugaand in Skopje(an office director, an executive and a technical secretary) and is organized by a Festival Board, which consists of knowledgeable professionals in the field of poetry( poets, literary critics, translators, and professorsin comparative literatureand culture).
The Festival consists of several events held at different locations:
* Opening ceremony on the plateau in front of the Cultural Centre in
Strugaincluding a traditional reading of "Tga za jug" ( Macedonian language: Т’га за југ, "A Longing for The South") the famous nostalgic lyrical poem written by the Struga-born poet Konstantin Miladinovduring his life in Russia.
*"Meridijani" ("Меридијани", "
Meridians") a poetry reading by various international poets in the Cultural Centre following the opening ceremony.
*"Portret na Laureatot" ("Портрет на Лауреатот","Portrait of the Lauerate") an event devoted to the year's main award recipient traditionally held in the church of St. Sofia in the nearby city of
Ohridusually accompanied by classical music, operaor domestic or foreign ethnic musicperformance.
*"Noći bez interpukcija" ("Ноќи без интерпукција", "Nights without Punctuation")
multimediaartistic events featuring experimental forms of poetic presentations, which can also include other arts like music and video art.
* Daily poetry picnic at St. Naum springs near the
Ohrid Lakeincluding Ethnic Macedonian musicand dances.
*"Mostovi" ("Мостови", "Bridges") the closing ceremony held at the "Bridge of Poetry" on the river Drim in Struga including poetry readings and the awarding ceremony. Other events include workshops, round-table discussions on various social topics and their influence on poetry, etc.
Another event in the so called "Caravan of Poetry", which consists of poetry performances around the country. Usually, after the end of the Festival, the Festival also organizes poetry reading in the national capital,
*Zlaten Venec na Poezijata (Златен Венец на Поезијата, Golden Wreath of Poetry), the main international award given to a world renowned living poet for life achievement in the field of poetry. The receipient's name is publicized usually several months in advance.
*Brakja Miladinovci (Браќа Миладиновци, Miladinov Brothers Award) for a best book published between two festivals.
*The Bridges of Struga, for a best debutting author.
*Iselenička gramota, for poets from the Macedonian
List of the recipients of the "Golden Wreath of the Struga Poetry Evenings" by year.
Robert Rozhdestvensky( USSR)
Bulat Okudzhava( USSR)
* 1968 László Nagy (
Mak Dizdar( SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia)
Miodrag Pavlović( SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia)
W. H. Auden( USA)
Pablo Neruda( Chile)
Eugenio Montale( Italy)
Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca( Turkey)
Léopold Sédar Senghor( Senegal)
Eugène Guillevic( France)
Artur Lundkvist( Sweden)
Rafael Alberti( Spain)
Miroslav Krleža( SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia)
Hans Magnus Enzensberger( West Germany)
Blaže Koneski( SR Macedonia, SFR Yugoslavia)
Nichita Stănescu( Romania)
* 1983 Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan Agyey (
Andrey Voznesensky( USSR)
Yiannis Ritsos( Greece)
Allen Ginsberg( USA)
Tadeusz Różewicz( Poland)
Desanka Maksimović( SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia)
Thomas W. Shapcott( Australia)
Justo Jorge Padrón( Spain)
Joseph Brodsky( USA)
* 1992 Ferenc Juhász (
Gennadiy Aygi( Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation)
Ted Hughes( United Kingdom)
Yehuda Amichai( Israel)
Makoto Ooka( Japan)
Lu Yuan( China)
Edoardo Sanguineti( Italy)
Seamus Heaney( Ireland)
Slavko Mihalić( Croatia)
Tomas Tranströmer( Sweden)
Vasco Graça Moura( Portugal)
* 2005 William S. Merwin (
Nancy Morejón( Cuba)
The "Struga Poetry Evenings" organization is also involved in book
* 1971 Contemporary Italian Poetry
* 1972 Contemporary Soviet Poetry
* 1972 Anthology of Romanian Poetry
* 1973 Contemporary Polish Poetry
* 1974 Contemporary Chilean Poetry
* 1976 Finnish Poetry
* 1977 Contemporary Algerian Poetry
* 1978 Contemporary Palestinian Poetry
* 1978 German Poetry of the 20th Century
* 1979 Modern American Poetry
* 1980 New Hungarian Poetry;
* 1980 Contemporary Indian Poetry
* 1981 Contemporary Greek Poetry
* 1982 Austrian Poetry of the 20 th Century
* 1983 Contemporary Venezuelan Poetry;
* 1983 Contemporary Poetry of Czechoslovakia
* 1984 Contemporary Egyptian Poetry
* 1985 New Chinese Poetry
* 1987 Contemporary Australian Poetry
* 1988 Contemporary Swedish Poetry
* 1989 Contemporary Belgian Poetry
* 1990 Contemporary British Poetry
* 1991 Contemporary Swiss Poetry
* 1992 Contemporary Poetry of Luxembourg
* 1993 Contemporary Italian Poetry
* 1994 Contemporary German Poetry
* 1995 Contemporary Danish Poetry
* 1996 Contemporary Albanian Poetry
* 1997 Contemporary Korean Poetry
* 1998 Spanish Poetry of the 20 th Century
* 1999 Contemporary Bulgarian Poetry
* 2000 Contemporary Russian Poetry
* 2001 Contemporary Portuguese Poetry
* 2002 Contemporary Tunisian Poetry
* 2003 Contemporary Indian Poetry written in English
* 2004 Contemporary Dutch Poetry
* 2005 Contemporary Israeli Poetry
* 2006 Contemporary Caribbean Poetry
* [http://www.svp.org.mk/ Struga Poetry Evenings Official Site]
* [http://www.setimes.com/cocoon/setimes/xhtml/GB_en/features/setimes/articles/2007/10/01/reportage-01 World poetry comes to Struga] -
Southeast European Times
* [http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=37173&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html World Poetry Day] -
* [http://portal0.unesco.org/es/ev.php-URL_ID=26512&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html Celebration of World Poetry Day] -
* [http://www.unesco.org/poetry/appronfondissement.php?nom=865&langue=english Struga Poetry Evenings Festival] -
* [http://www.exploringmacedonia.com/?ItemID=333DA93B54D1284AAB33C012537DE451 "Exploing Macedonia" National Tourism Portal]
* [http://www.svp.org.mk/ Official Site]
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