Shootfighting is a
combat sportand martial art, with competitions governed by the "International Shootfighting Association" (ISFA). Shootfighting incorporates techniques from a multitude of traditional martial arts, the most principle of these being Muay Thaiand Catch Wrestling.
Shootfighting was previously used synonymously with
mixed martial arts competitions in Japan, as opposed to shoot-style professional wrestlingcompetitions. This usage of the term is retired from common usage because it became a registered trademark of Bart Vale, who uses it to describe his hybrid fighting systemderived from shoot wrestling. However, it is still sometimes used colloquially.
Examples which were once considered shootfighting styles, tournaments or organizations are
Pancrase, Shoot boxingand Shooto, where many fighters still considered themselves to be "shootfighters". Ken Shamrockis possibly the most recognisable shoot fighter, as this was the discipline he was credited as using in the early days of the UFC.
History of shootfighting
Shootfighting's use as a synonym for
mixed martial artshad its genesis in the 1970s, when Karl Gotchtaught a group of Japanese professional wrestlers catch wrestlingtechniques, called "hooking" or "shooting". In 1976, one of these pro-wrestlers, Antonio Inoki, hosted a series of mixed martial arts matches. This led to an increased interest in real and effective technique, and eventually led to the creation of shoot wrestling, with some shoot-style professional wrestlingorganizations hosting legitimate mixed martial arts bouts, called "shoots". In the 1990s the interest grew, and certain shoot-style organizations like Pancraseevolved into pure "shoot" organizations. The term "shootfighting" was frequently used to describe these events and styles.
The word "shootfighting" was however coined by
Bart Vale, an American with a backgroundin wrestling. He was the Japanese "Professional Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi" (PWFG, a Japanese shoot-style professional wrestlingorganization) champion for close to threeyears. Upon moving back to America, Bart Vale used the term "shootfighting" to describe his own hybrid fighting system, which was a combination of the shoot wrestlingtechniques he had learned in Japan, and his experience in American karate and kickboxing. He also founded the "International Shootfighting Association" to promote shootfighting as a combat sport.
:("Extract from the ISFA homepages"')
Currently professional shootfighting matches consists only of a heavyweight (200 lb or more) division. But there are lighter divisions for amateur competitors. Pro matches run 30 minutes non-stop, amateurs 10 minutes. Held inside a standard
wrestlingring, competitors are allowed to kick, knee or elbow any part of the body except the groin, as well as headbutt. Punches are allowed to the body. Since no gloves are worn to facilitate wrestling, punches aren't allowed to the head, although open hand palms and slaps are allowed. Any type of throw or takedown is legal and competitors are allowed to hit a downed opponent. Additionally, any type of joint lockis legal as are chokes against the side of the neck. The only foul consists of punches to the face, eye-gouges, techniques against the windpipeand groin strikes.
Fights are won when a competitor is
knocked downfor a 10 count, knocked down 5 times or forced to submit. A fighter caught in a submission hold may grab the ropes to break the hold, but this counts as a 1/3 of a knock down. Grabbing the ropes 15 times equals a loss. Bouts that go to the full time limit are declared a draw.
Pride Fighting Championships
Fighting Network RINGS
Ultimate Fighting Championship
* Chan, Sam. [http://bjj.org/editorials/19980215-prowrest/ The Japanese Pro-Wrestling: Reality Based Martial Art Connection] . "bjj.org". URL last accessed
January 7 2006.
* Herzog, Paul. [http://www.mindspring.com/~gus_p/gus2.html History of Shootfighting] . "www.mindspring.com". URL last accessed
January 7 2006.
* International Shootfighting Association. [http://www.shootfighting.com/history_isfa.html History of the ISFA] . "www.shootfighting.com". URL last accessed
January 7 2006.
Gyms and Clubs
* [http://www.londonshootfighters.com London Shootfighters] London Shootfighters, The UK's premier MMA gym.
* [http://www.shootfighting.com International Shootfighting Association] The homepage of the International Shootfighting Association.
* [http://www.shootfighting.org Official Shootfighting information & training in Vallejo, Fairfield, Vacaville & Davis, CA]
* [http://www.shootersmma.com The Shooters MMA Association] The homepage of the European Shootfighting Association.
* [http://www.riverhorse.tv/CATCH/ Website of the film 'Catch - the hold not taken', a documentary on Shoot Wrestling and its impact on MMA]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Shootfighting — est un sport de combat et un art martial, avec des concours régis par l Association Internationale de Shootfighting (ISFA). Le shootfighting incorpore des techniques d une multitude d arts martiaux traditionnels, la plupart des principes… … Wikipédia en Français
Shootfighting — El Shootfighting es un deporte de combate y arte marcial desarrollado en Japón. Este sistema entrena todas las distancias posibles en la lucha sin armas, utilizando puñetazos, patadas, rodillazos, clinch, proyecciones y combate en el suelo; en… … Wikipedia Español
Mats Nilsson — Born December 5, 1983 (1983 12 05) (age 27) Helsingborg, Sweden Nationality Sweden Height 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) Weight … Wikipedia
Shooto — Der Name Shooto (Ateji aus jap. 修斗 shūto für Kämpfen lernen und engl. shoot) ist eigentlich der Eigenname einer Vale tudo Veranstaltungsserie und Organisation, wird aber heute in Japan als ein eigenständiger Mixed Martial Arts Kampfsport… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shoot wrestling — is a combat sport and a general term that describes a range of hybrid fighting systems originating in Japan in the late 1970s, in close association with Japanese professional wrestling. Shoot wrestling has several sub disciplines eg.… … Wikipedia
Lee Hasdell — Infobox Martial artist biography name = Lee Hasdell caption = birthname = nickname = nationality = flagicon|GBR British dateofbirth = December 13, 1966 (age 41) placeofbirth = Northampton, England fightingoutof = Milton Keynes, England… … Wikipedia
Miguel Torres (fighter) — Miguel Torres File:Miguel Torres.jpg Born Miguel Angel Torres January 18, 1981 (1981 01 18) (age 30) East Chicago, Indiana, United States Residence Hammond, Indiana, United States … Wikipedia
Miguel Torres (fighter) — Fiche d identité Nom complet Miguel Torres Nationalité États Unis … Wikipédia en Français
Shootfighter — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Shootfighter Originaltitel Shootfighter: Fight to the Death … Deutsch Wikipedia
Miguel Torres (combat) — Fiche d identité Nom complet Miguel Torres Nationalité États Unis Date de naissance … Wikipédia en Français