2020 Summer Olympics


2020 Summer Olympics
Games of the XXXII Olympiad
Olympic flag.svg
Official logo of the Olympic Games
Host city ,
Nations participating TBD
Athletes participating TBD

The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad, will be a major international sports and cultural festival, celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games.

The International Olympic Committee has begun the selection process for the host city. Six applicant cities are competing to welcome the Games. The IOC will select Candidate Cities on May 23, 2012. The host city will be elected in Buenos Aires on September 7, 2013, at the 125th IOC Session.[1]

Contents

Bidding timeline

The timeline of the host city selection process was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) executive board as follows:[1][2]

  • 2011:
May 16 – IOC sent letters inviting the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) to submit bids.
July and August – IOC asked for NOCs to submit letters regarding compliance with the World Anti-doping Agency code by July 29. The IOC also requested submissions of proposed dates if countries want to stage the Games outside the normal period set by the IOC (July 15 to August 31). The IOC responded to NOCs on these points by the end of August.
September 1 – Deadline to submit the names of cities interested in hosting the 2020 Summer Games.
September 2 - IOC confirmed that they had received six bids
November 3–4 – IOC held an information seminar for 2020 applicants.
  • 2012:
February 15 – Submission of the application files and guarantee letters to the IOC.
May 23 – IOC executive board in Quebec City[3] decides which cities are approved as official candidate cities. [4]
July 27-August 12 - Olympic Games Observers’ Programme at the Games of the XXX Olympiad in London.
November - London 2012 debrief in Rio de Janeiro
  • 2013:
January 7 – Submission of the official bid books.
February–April – Visits of the IOC evaluation commission to each bidding city.
TBD – Report of the IOC evaluation commission.
June - Candidate Cities briefing to IOC Members in Lausanne
September 7 – Election of the host city at 125th IOC Session.

Applicant cities

The bidding cities and countries for the 2020 Olympics

Six cities have been put forward by their respective National Olympic Committees (NOCs) to apply to host the Games.[5] The bidding cities come from two continents, Europe and Asia. In 2020 it will have been 12 years since an Asian city hosted the Summer Olympics (Beijing 2008) and 8 years since a European city hosted the Summer Olympics (London 2012). Out of the six bidders, both Rome and Tokyo have previously hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1960 and 1964 respectively. The other four bidders have made bids in the past. It is the first time in 20 years that no city in the Americas bid to host the Summer Olympic Games. The bidding cities are, in alphabetic order:

Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan

It was announced at the September 1 deadline for bidding that Baku has submitted a bid to host the 2020 Olympics.[6] Baku bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but failed to become a candidate. The 2016 games were ultimately awarded to Rio de Janeiro.

Qatar Doha, Qatar

On August 26, 2011, Doha announced that they are bidding for the 2020 Games.[7][8] Doha bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics but failed to become a candidate. The IOC cited technical reasons for its rejection of the bid, including Doha's insistence on holding the Games in October, because of the too hot weather in August.

In 2006, Doha hosted the Asian Games. Qatar was recently selected to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Several stadiums will be located in Doha. The country also hosted the 1988 and 2011 AFC Asian Cup.

Turkey Istanbul, Turkey

Istanbul was nominated on July 7, 2011, at the 123rd IOC session in Durban, and was confirmed as Turkey's bid on July 24, 2011.[9][10] Turkey's candidacy was announced officially by PM Erdogan on August 13, 2011.[11] This is Istanbul's fifth bid for the Summer Olympic Games.

Istanbul is home to various modern sporting venues. The Türk Telekom Arena, Atatürk Olympic Stadium and Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, which were built or renovated in the first decade of the 21st century, are three UEFA Elite Stadiums in Istanbul.

Spain Madrid, Spain

Madrid was nominated by the Spanish Olympic Committee executive committee on June 1, 2011.[12] It received official confirmation by the government on July 12, 2011.

The Spanish capital has made three prior bids for the Games: first for 1972, which it lost to Munich; second for 2012, which was won by London; and most recently for 2016, which it lost to Rio de Janeiro in the final round of voting.

Spain previously hosted the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The country hosted the 1982 FIFA World Cup and the final was held in Madrid. The city has also hosted the 1986 World Aquatics Championships.

Italy Rome, Italy

Rome was nominated by the Italian National Olympic Committee on May 19, 2010. Italy's capital city was chosen over Venice as the country's bid for the 2020 Games.[13][14]

Rome previously hosted the Summer Olympics in 1960. It bid to host the 2004 Games but lost to Athens in the final round of voting. Rome hosted the 2009 World Aquatics Championships as well as the 1990 FIFA World Cup final.

Italy previously hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin and the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo.

Japan Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo was selected by the Japanese Olympic Committee on July 16, 2011, and was confirmed as Japan's bidding city for the 2020 Games. The city is going forward with its bid despite the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami which affected much of eastern Japan.[15][16]

Tokyo previously hosted the Summer Olympics in 1964. The Japanese capital most recently bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics but lost to Rio de Janeiro.

Japan has also hosted the Winter Olympics twice. The 1998 Winter Games were organised in Nagano. Sapporo hosted the Winter Games in 1972. Japan previously co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea; the final was held in Yokohama, near Tokyo. Japan will host the 2019 Rugby World Cup and two of the venues for the event are located in the Greater Tokyo Area.

Bids which did not go to application

The following cities proposed bidding, however they did not bid despite not formally announcing their intentions not to bid:


The following cities proposed submitting bids but announced prior to the September 1 deadline that they would not put forth a bid. List is in order of cancellation:

  • Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic cancelled its bid because of the global financial crisis.[31]
  • Romania Bucharest, Romania decided not to proceed with its bid because the city hall's general counsellors believed the project would be unachievable.[32]
  • Japan Hiroshima, Japan decided to pull out following poor public reaction to the bid and also because of a lack of funding.[33]
  • South Korea Busan, South Korea decided not to bid following Pyeongchang's successful bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics.[34]
  • France Paris, France is now expected to bid for the 2024 Olympic Games, as France pulled out of the 2020 bid following the defeat of Annecy's bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics. 2024 would coincide with the 100th anniversary of the 1924 Olympics which were held in the French capital.[35]
  • United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates was considering a bid for 2020 but decided to instead wait until 2024.[36]
  • Canada Toronto, Canada was considering a bid for 2020 but announced on August 11, 2011, it was not bidding, citing financial issues despite high public support in and around the Greater Toronto Area.[37]
  • South Africa Durban, South Africa was discussed as a potential bid, however it was announced on August 17, 2011, that South Africa would not put forth a 2020 bid.[38]
  • Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia decided not to bid despite having discussed the plan with the head of the Russian Olympic Committee. They withdrew on August 22, 2011, instead planning on bidding for either 2024 or 2028.[39]
  • United States Multiple cities in the United States were interested in bidding but the USOC confirmed that the US would not bid, citing financial reasons.[40][41] The IOC stated that it would have liked to receive a bid for 2020 from the United States.[42] On August 29, 2011, it was revealed that Las Vegas submitted a bid to the IOC without USOC consent. The IOC rejected the bid.[43]

Bidding process

The Olympic bidding process begins with the submission of a city's application to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by its National Olympic Committee (NOC) and ends with the election of the host city by the members of the IOC during an ordinary session. The process is governed by the Olympic Charter, as stated in Chapter 5, Rule 34.[44]

Since 1999, the process has consisted of two phases. During the first phase, which begins immediately after the bid submission deadline, the "applicant cities" are required to answer a questionnaire covering themes of importance to a successful Games organization. This information allows the IOC to analyze the cities' hosting capacities and the strengths and weaknesses of their plans. Following a detailed study of the submitted questionnaires and ensuing reports, the IOC Executive Board selects the cities that are qualified to proceed to the next phase. The second phase is the true candidature stage: the accepted applicant cities (from now on referred to as "candidate cities") are required to submit a second questionnaire in the form of an extended, more detailed, candidature file.[45] These files are carefully studied by the IOC Evaluation Commission, a group composed of IOC members, representatives of international sport federations, NOCs, athletes, the International Paralympic Committee, and international experts in various fields.[46] The members of the Evaluation Commission then make four-day inspection visits to each of the candidate cities, where they check the proposed venues and are briefed about details of the themes covered in the candidature file. The Evaluation Commission communicates the results of its inspections in a report sent to the IOC members up to one month before the electing IOC Session.[45]

The IOC Session in which a host city is elected takes place in a country that did not submit an application to stage the Olympics.[45] The election is made by the assembled active IOC members (excluding honorary and honor members), each possessing one vote. Members from countries that have a city taking part in the election cannot vote while the city is in the running. The voting is conducted in a succession of rounds until one bid achieves an absolute majority of votes; if this does not happen in the first round, the bid with the fewest votes is eliminated and another voting round begins. In the case of a tie for the lowest number of votes, a special runoff vote is carried out, with the winner proceeding to the next round. After each round, the eliminated bid is announced.[47][48] Following the announcement of the host city, the successful bid delegation signs the "Host City Contract" with the IOC, which delegates the responsibilities of the Games organisation to the city and respective NOC.[49]

Sports

The 2020 Olympic program will include a maximum of 28 sports. At the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, the IOC will vote on whether to include one of the following sports in the program: baseball, karate, roller sports, softball, sports climbing, squash, wakeboarding, and wushu.[50]

Television rights

On January 6, 2011, the IOC announced that it was considering packaging the U.S. television rights for four Olympics instead of the usual two: the 2016 and 2020 Summer Olympics, and the 2014 and 2018 Winter Olympics. The IOC's lead negotiator Richard Carrion told the Associated Press the bidding war would be waged among NBC, ESPN, Fox and perhaps a CBS/Turner coalition. "We realize this is a major decision going forward for any of these guys," the IOC member from Puerto Rico said. "I would certainly support it if they want to go to four games, and do all the way to 2020."[51]

IOC president Jacques Rogge heads the exclusive TV Rights and New Media Commission, but the organization of bidding falls to Carrion, who meets regularly with the networks to stoke interest in airing Sochi 2014 and Rio de Janeiro 2016. In packaging four Olympics, Carrion had another two Games to sell, but the 2018 host city would not be selected until July 6 and the 2020 host until 2013. The IOC took its time to seek a new deal for the U.S., hoping to ride out a recession to get the best price possible. The U.S. television rights are the IOC's single-largest source of revenue.[51]

On June 7, 2011, the IOC awarded the U.S. television rights to the four Olympics to NBC in a deal worth more than $4 billion.[52]

Below are the confirmed television right holders:

Notes

  1. ^ a b Six Applicant Cities for the 2020 Olympic Games - September 2 2011 - International Olympic Committee
  2. ^ Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year January 13, 2011.
  3. ^ SPORTACCORD CONVENTION 2012 AWARDED TO QUÉBEC CITY
  4. ^ 2020 Olympic Bids Huddle With IOC
  5. ^ Six Applicant Cities for the 2020 Olympic Games - International Olympic Committee press release - September 2, 2011
  6. ^ "Azerbaijan bids for 2020 Olympics in Baku". Espn.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=oly&id=6915971. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.dohastadiumplusqatar.com/doha-launches-bid-2020-olympics
  8. ^ http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/08/26/164219.html
  9. ^ http://insidethegames.biz/olympics/summer-olympics/2020/13679-turkey-prime-minister-confirms-istanbul-bid-for-2020-olympics
  10. ^ http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/olympic_bids/future_bids_2016/1216135804.html
  11. ^ http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/summer-olympics/2020/13893-istanbul-2020-will-be-qplatform-for-changeq-promises-turkish-prime-minister
  12. ^ "La Ejecutiva del COE aprobaría la candidatura de Madrid 2020" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. June 1, 2011. http://www.lavanguardia.com/local/madrid/20110601/54163909960/jj-la-ejecutiva-del-coe-aprobaria-la-candidatura-de-madrid-2020.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Rome Is Italy's Candidate In 2020 Summer Games Bid". GamesBids.com. http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/olympic_bids/future_bids_2016/1216135186.html. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  14. ^ "ROMA 2020 – Sala Stampa e News – News". 2020roma.it. http://www.2020roma.it/public/it/news.php?page=6&ipp=4&n=87. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  15. ^ Himmer, Alastair (July 15, 2011). "Olympics-Tokyo tiptoes into 2020 bid race". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/15/olympics-tokyo-bid-idUSL3E7IF1XH20110715. 
  16. ^ http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110716x1.html
  17. ^ Wayne Smith (August 5, 2008). "Government backs AOC plan for Brisbane Olympics". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/beijing_olympics/story/0,27313,24130588-5014197,00.html. Retrieved October 12, 2008. 
  18. ^ "Proposal: the Brisbane Expo 2020 Olympiad.". Foundationexpo88.org. http://www.foundationexpo88.org/brisbaneexpo2020lympiad.html. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  19. ^ Out of Many, Few Will Bid: The Candidates for 2020 Olympics
  20. ^ Berlin mayor wants to make Olympics bid
  21. ^ "Act on the Preparation of the Budapest Olympic Bid". BOM Association. December 18, 2008. http://www.budapestiolimpia.hu/?lang=eng&page_id=21. Retrieved October 2, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Delhi will bid for 2020 Olympics". BBC News. April 28, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/other_sports/6603449.stm. 
  23. ^ India Won't Bid For 2020 Games
  24. ^ Bidding for the Games- 100 Days to 2018 Decision; Annecy Protests; Kenya Bidding
  25. ^ "Quiere México los Juegos Olímpicos 2020". esmas.com. http://www.esmas.com/deportes/otrosdeportes/536250.html. Retrieved August 2, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Quiere Emilio González unos Juegos Olímpicos". oem.com.mx. http://www.oem.com.mx/eloccidental/notas/n2148883.htm. Retrieved August 2, 2011. 
  27. ^ Out of Many, Few Will Bid: The Candidates for the 2020 Olympics
  28. ^ Lisbon 2016 or 2020
  29. ^ Artificial island in plans for 2020 Lisbon bid
  30. ^ Ojective: Lisbon 2020
  31. ^ "It’s Official – Prague Out Of 2020 Bid". GamesBids.com, June 16, 2009.
  32. ^ "Bucharest will not host the Summer Olympic Games in 2020 / General counsellors rejected the project". HotNews.ro, December 17, 2010.
  33. ^ "Hiroshima Opts Out Of 2020 Olympic Bid". GamesBids.com, May 22, 2011.
  34. ^ "S.Korea's Busan pulls plug on 2020 Games bid". Reuters Africa, July 7, 2011.
  35. ^ France rules out 2020 Olympic Games bid, USA Today, July 12, 2011
  36. ^ "Olympics—Dubai opts out of 2020 bid, targets 2024". Reuters, July 29, 2011.
  37. ^ "Toronto won't bid for 2020 Olympics". CBC News, August 11, 2011.
  38. ^ http://www.eyewitnessnews.co.za/Story.aspx?Id=72249
  39. ^ "Петербург решил не претендовать на проведение Олимпиады-2020" (in Russian). Rosbalt.ru. http://www.rosbalt.ru/piter/2011/08/22/881672.html. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  40. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=oly&id=6884167
  41. ^ http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/olympic_bids/2020_bid_news/1216135855.html
  42. ^ "IOC ponders 2020 autumn Olympics". BBC News. August 26, 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics/14676969.stm. 
  43. ^ http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/olympic_bids/2020_bid_news/1216135866.html
  44. ^ (PDF) Olympic Charter. International Olympic Committee. 2004-09-01. ISBN 9291490016. http://multimedia.olympic.org/pdf/en_report_122.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  45. ^ a b c "Host City Election Procedure". International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/organisation/missions/cities_uk.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  46. ^ "Role and composition of the Evaluation Commission". 117th IOC Session. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/events/117_session/commission_uk.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  47. ^ "FAQ - ELECTION OF AN OLYMPIC GAMES HOST CITY - Host city election". International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/utilities/faq_detail_uk.asp?rdo_cat=24_55_0. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  48. ^ "Election procedure". 117th IOC Session. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/events/117_session/election_uk.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  49. ^ "The Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games". The Movement. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/organisation/ocog/index_uk.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  50. ^ "IOC announces new events for Sochi 2014, shortlisted sports for 2020". http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=133067. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  51. ^ a b Bidders Want U.S. TV Rights Through 2020; Sochi Progress
  52. ^ McCarthy, MIchael (June 7, 2011). "NBC wins U.S. TV rights to four Olympic Games through 2020". USA Today. http://content.usatoday.com/communities/gameon/post/2011/06/olympic-tv-decision-between-nbc-espn-and-fox-could-come-down-today/1. 
  53. ^ "IOC awards TV rights in Germany, Korea, France". Forbes.com. July 5, 2011. http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2011/07/05/business-financial-impact-oly-ioc-tv-rights_8549675.html. Retrieved July 5, 2011. [dead link]
  54. ^ a b "IOC awards SBS broadcast rights for 2018, 2020, 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. 2011-07-04. http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=133017. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  55. ^ "IOC awards US broadcast rights for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to NBCUniversal". Olympic.org. June 7, 2011. http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=130827&articlenewsgroup=-1. Retrieved June 8, 2011. 

External links

Preceded by
Rio de Janeiro
Summer Olympic Games
Host City

XXXII Olympiad (2020)
Succeeded by
TBD 2024

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