- Bergen, North Holland
official_name = Bergen
imagesize = 230px
image_caption = Egmond aan Zee
flag_size = 120x100px
image_shield = Bergen-nh wapen.png
shield_size = 120x100px
mapsize = 280px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
leader_name = P.H. de Winter
leader_party = D66
area_footnotes = (2006)
area_total_km2 = 119.83
area_land_km2 = 97.17
area_water_km2 = 22.66
1 January, 2007
population_note = Source: CBS, [http://statline.cbs.nl/ Statline] .
settlement_type = Municipality
population_total = 31329
population_density_km2 = 322
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 52.67
latNS = N
longd = 4.70
longEW = E
website = [http://www.bergen-nh.nl www.bergen-nh.nl]
Bergen (pronunciation|Nl-Bergen.ogg) is a municipality and a town in the
Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Its North Seabeaches make it a popular destination for tourists, especially Germans. In 2001, the municipality was expanded to include the former municipalities of Egmondand Schoorl.
Since about 1900, Bergen has been the home of many painters, writers and architects. Some of the work of this "Bergen School" is on exhibit at Museum Kranenburgh. The neighbourhood of Park Meerwijk, constructed in 1915, is made up entirely of villas in
Amsterdam Schoolstyle. There are regular art fairs in Bergen, as well as an annual music festival (the Holland Music Sessions in August) and arts festival (the Kunsttiendaagse in October).
North of the town of Bergen are the Schoorlse Duinen, a nature area with the highest and widest dunes of the Netherlands, which reach about 59m (195ft) above sealevel, and are more than 5 km (3 miles) wide in some places.
Other points of interest in the municipality include the aquarium in the seaside village of
Bergen aan Zee, the Auto Union Museum in Bergen with a collection of classic cars, and the historical museums Het Sterkenhuis (Bergen) and Museum van Egmond ( Egmond aan Zee).
The town of Bergen is home to the
European School, Bergen.
The municipality of Bergen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Bergen,
Aagtdorp, Bergen aan Zee, Bregtdorp, Camperduin, Catrijp, Egmond aan den Hoef, Egmond aan Zee, Egmond-Binnen, Groet, Hargen, Rinnegom, Schoorl, Schoorldam(partly), Wimmenum.
The town of Bergen developed around a chapel and is mentioned as far back as the 10th century. An old local legend is the "Miracle of Bergen", which is said to have occurred during the St. Elisabeth's Flood of 1421. The story goes that the "schout" (sheriff) of Bergen found a chest containing hosts (the thin wafers used in
Holy Communion) from the church of Pettenwhich had floated to Bergen during the flood. The seawater that penetrated the chest had turned into blood. There is also a second miracle story, thought to have occurred in 1422, whereby hosts turned into blood. On the site where the miracle of Bergen is said to have happened, a chapel was erected. Bergen became a place of pilgrimage and Roman-Catholicprocessions were held at the site for centuries and are still ongoing today.
In the 15th century, the Ruïnekerk ("Ruined Church") was built on the site of the chapel and at the time was the largest of its kind in the province of North-Holland. In 1574, during the
Eighty Years Waragainst Spain, the church was looted and burned down by Dutch Protestants, but was later rebuilt to its current state.
In 1799, during the
French Revolutionary Wars, a British-Russian army invaded North-Holland. At Bergen, a battle with the French-Batavian armies took place on September 19. The Russisch Monument in Bergen commemorates the Battle of Bergen).
The municipal council of Bergen consists of 23 seats, which are divided as follows:
People born in Bergen
Pierre Golle(1620-1684) - cabinetmaker and designer
Simeon ten Holt(b. 1923) - composer
Saskia Noort(b. 1967) - writer and journalist
Kees van Wonderen(b. 1969) - footballer
Jim Bakkum(b. 1987) - singer and actor
* Statistics are taken from the [http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gemeentes/gem51nh.htm SDU Staatscourant]
* [http://www.visitbergen.nl/welcome.asp?lang=0 Visit Bergen]
* [http://www.plattegronden.nl/gemeentebergen/ A map of the municipality Bergen]
* [http://www.bespagina.nl/ Detailed maps of all villages]
* [http://www.museumkranenburgh.nl/ Museum Kranenburgh]
* [http://www.vvvbergen.com/welcome.asp?lang=0 VVV Bergen]
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