BWP-2000


BWP-2000

Infobox Weapon
name=BWP-2000


caption=BWP-2000
origin=Poland
type=Infantry Fighting Vehicle
is_vehicle=yes
used_by=Poland
wars=none
design_date=Early 1990s - 1999
production_date=Before 1997
number=2
spec_label=BWP-2000
weight=30 tonnes
crew=3 (+8 passengers)
primary_armament=60 mm autocannon
secondary_armament=7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm anti-aircraft heavy machine gun
engine=V-46-6 12-cylinder diesel
engine_power=780 hp (582 kW)
pw_ratio=26 hp/tonne (19.4 kW/t)
suspension=torsion bar
vehicle_range=500 km
speed=70 km/h

BWP-2000 (BWP stands for Bojowy Wóz Piechoty - Infantry Fighting Vehicle) is a prototype Polish IFV developed from early 1990s to 1999 but eventually canceled.

Development

The origin of the Polish BWP-2000 is the MT-S tracked transporter developed jointly by Poland, Soviet Union and East Geramny in late 1980s. [http://www.janes.com/extracts/extract/jaa/jaa_0213.html Jane's] ] [http://www.militarium.net/viewart.php?aid=306 Militarium] ] That vehicle was mainly developed by the Soviet OKB-40 design bureau in Mytischi and by the Polish OBRUM (Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Urządzeń Mechnicznych - Institute of Research and Development of Mechanical Devices) from Gliwice. The OBRUM developed the BWP-2000 with help from Polish experts on IFVs. Poland is gradually replacing the former Soviet designs with Western-type systems. Two prototypes were made and in 1997 one of them was fitted with a fully developed and tested Italian Oto Melara T60/70A turret. This turret was developed as a private venture by Oto Melara and as of mid-2005 it has remained in prototype stage. By mid-2005, there were no plans for the Polish BWP-2000 IFV to enter production for the Polish Army. The main priority of the Polish Army is the introduction of the Finnish Patria AMV and BWP-1M "Puma". If the BWP-2000 ever enters production it is going to be produced by Bumar łabędy.

Description

The BWP-2000 has a typical IFV layout. The steering compartment with the driver's station is located on the left hand side of the front of the hull. The engine compartment is located on the right hand side of the front of the hull. The fighting compartment is located along with the turret in middle of the hull. The troop compartment is located in back. The vehicle has a three men crew consisting of a driver, a gunner and a commander. [http://otvaga.vif2.ru/Otvaga/armour-polsk/a_bwp2000.htm otvaga] ] The vehicle uses a number of chassis components from the MT-S transporter. The chassis was called Kalina. The hull made entirely out of welded steel. It protects the vehicle against APFSDS-T projectiles of up to 35 mm in calibre over the frontal arc. The roof and sides protect it against 12.7 mm rounds fired from a range of 100 m. The other parts of the armour protect it against 7.62 mm rounds from any distance and angle. Both the hull and the turret can be fitted with additional passive of explosive reactive armour. The driver has a single-piece hatch cover that lifts and opens to the right (like in the BWP-1). In front of the driver's hatch is located a wide-angle periscope which can be replaced by a passive night vision device for use during night conditions. The power pack an air inlet/outlet louvres in the roof and the exhaust outlet on the right hand side. The turret is the Italian Oto Melara T60/70A which is normally armed with a stabilized 60 mm rifled autocannon, a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and 12.7 mm anti-aircraft heavy machine gun. Inside the turret are the stations of both the gunner and the commander. The 60 mm autocannon can be replaced by a variety of guns from 25 mm autocannons to 105 mm guns. [http://www.bumar.gliwice.pl/index1.php?79,94 Bulmar Łabędy] ] The turret is equipped with two clusters of four electrically operated smoke grenade launchers on each side. The troop compartment can transport up to eight fully equipped soldiers. Like in the BWP-1 the troops enter and leave the vehicle through the rear of the vehicle but in BWP-2000 they do this via a power-operated ramp. The engine comes from the T-72.

References


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