Gosford, New South Wales

Gosford, New South Wales

Infobox Australian Place | type = city
name = Gosford
state = nsw



caption =
pop = 301,551fact|date=August 2008 (2006)
poprank =
density = 165
est =
area = 1028
timezone = AEST
utc = +10
timezone-dst = AEST
utc-dst = +11
lga = City of Gosford
stategov = Gosford
elevation= 10
fedgov = Robertson
dist1 = 76
elevation= 20
maxtemp = 23.0
mintemp = 11.0
rainfall = 1306.0
location1 = Sydney
elevation= 10

Gosford is a city located on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia, approximately 80km north of the Sydney central business district. The city is situated at the northern extremity of Brisbane Water, an extensive northern branch of the Hawkesbury River estuary and Broken Bay. The city is the administrative centre of the Central Coast region, which is the third largest urban area in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle. Gosford is the 18th largest local government area in Australia with a total resident population of 158,157.

History

Until European settlement, the area around Gosford was occupied by two groups of Australian Aborigines, the Guringai and Darkinjung peoples, with the Guringai being principally coastal-dwellers and the Darkingung occupying land to the west. Fact|date=June 2008

Along with the other land around the Hawkesbury River estuary, the Brisbane Water district was explored during the early stages of the settlement of Sydney. In the early 1800s some pioneering European settlers began occupying the land, for timber-cutting (mainly ironbark and Australian red cedar), lime production and grazing. Fact|date=June 2008

Gosford itself was explored by Governor Phillip between 1788 and 1789. The area was of difficult access and settlement did not start before 1823. By the late 1800s the agriculture in the region was diversifying, with market gardens and citrus orchards occupying the rich soil left after the timber harvest. The first road between Hawkesbury, (near Pittwater) to Brisbane Water was only a cart wheel track even in 1850. [ [http://www.gosford-p.schools.nsw.edu.au/about/gosfordhistory.htm History of Gosford ] ]

Convicts once lived and worked in the Gosford area. In 1825, Gosford's population reached 100, of which 50% were convicts.

East Gosford was the first centre of settlement. Gosford was named in 1839 after Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford - a friend of the then Governor George Gipps. Fact|date=March 2008

In 1887, the rail link to Sydney was completed, requiring a bridge over the Hawkesbury River and a tunnel through the sandstone ridge west of Woy Woy. The introduction of this transport link, and then the Pacific Highway in 1930 accelerated the development of the region.

Gosford became a town in 1885 and was declared a municipality in 1886. [ [http://www.centralcoastaustralia.com.au/AreaInfo/towns_Gosford.asp Gosford - Central Coast Australia ] ]

City centre

Gosford proper is located in a valley with President's Hill on the city's western border and Rumbalara Reserve on its eastern border, and Brisbane water to the city's south. Mann Street, Gosford's main street and part of the Pacific Highway, runs north-south contains the frontage for much of its commercial district. The Central Coast Highway runs past Gosford's waterfront area, while its predecessor the Pacific Highway takes on several names through the CBD itself. Mann Street contains the main public transport links for Gosford, with Gosford railway station (CityRail and CountryLink) and the termini for several bus routes.

In the centre of Gosford is a shopping and community precinct, including Kibble Park, William Street Mall, Gosford City Library, the Imperial Shopping Centre, the Gosford Town Shopping Centre and a full range of shops, cafes, banks and services, especially along William Street Mall.

More recently, the Gosford CBD has suffered a decline as more commercial activity has relocated to nearby Erina, particularly Erina Fair.Fact|date=March 2008 To address this, there have been proposals to revitalise the city centre by more adequately connecting it to the waterfront, and provide more employment and entertainment areas. Fact|date=March 2008However, there has been little concerted effort at State or Local Government level. POV-statement|date=March 2008

Facilities

Gosford is also home to
* Gosford Hospital - the largest hospital on the Central Coast
* Gosford High School - the only selective high school on the Central Coast
* The Central Coast Conservatorium (in the original Gosford Courthouse)
* The Bluetongue Central Coast Stadium in Grahame Park, adjacent to the Central Coast Leagues Club. Originally built for the short-lived Northern Eagles team in the NRL rugby league competition, since 2005 it is now the home of the Central Coast Mariners A-League football (soccer) team and was the home venue of the Central Coast Rays rugby union Australian Rugby Championship team
* Gosford Racecourse
* Gosford showground
* The headquarters of the NSW State Government's workers compensation fund, WorkCover.

ister cities and twin towns

* Edogawa, Japan
* Nitra, Slovakia

See also

*List of cities in Australia
*Electoral district of Gosford, a seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly

References

External links

* [http://www.kincumber.com/ Kincumber Business and Community website]
* [http://www.avocabeach.com/ Avoca Beach Business and Community website]
* [http://www.wyong.com/ Wyong Business and Community website]
* [http://www.cityofgosford.com/ Central Coast NSW Business and Community website]


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