official_name = PAGENAME
settlement_type = Town
imagesize = 300px
image_caption = The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack
mapsize = 250px
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = SEN
subdivision_type1 = Region
population_total = 172,305
timezone = GMT
utc_offset = +0
longd=16|longm=15 |longs= |longEW=W
Kaolack (Kawlax in Wolof) is a town of 172,305 people (
2002census) on the north bank of the River Saloumand the N1 road in Senegal. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region, which borders The Gambia to the south. Kaolack is an important regional markettown and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah Sufiorder founded by Ibrayima Ñas, it is also a major center of Islamic education. The Medina Baaymosque (right) in Kaolack is one of the largest and best known in Senegal. Kaolack is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth, It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official. One of these wards, Kaolack (eight km down river), was founded by two Sereer princesses from Baol. Another, Maka Kahone, was inhabited by Muslims and administered by clerics. Otherwise, the population of the town practiced traditional religion and court ceremonies centered on the river bank, Kouyong Island, and various monumental baobab trees.
French interests in the Saloum River increased in the early 19th century as legitimate articles of trade were sought to replace trade in slaves. By mid-century peanut production had been introduced to the kingdom of Saloum and, with the permission of its king, a fortified factory was established by the French on the riverfront at Kaolack.Kaolack was more favorably placed for shipping than Kahone. The French laid out a first grid of lots in 1860, in what would become the city center, or "Escale" neighborhood. The construction of a rail spur from the port to the Dakar-Niger line in 1911 caused the town to boom as a peanut processing and export center. Its population grew rapidly, rising from 5,600 in 1925 to 44,000 in 1934.
It is at this time that Kaolack became an important center for the
TijaniyyahSufi order, with a first major zâwiyah, or “lodge”, opening in Leona neighborhood in 1910 and a second one opening in Madina Baye in the early 1930s. The Tijaniyyah of Madina Baye is an international institution with disciples in many cities, including Kano, Nigeria, and Chicago, Illinois.
There is a peanut oil processing plant with its own port facilities in the downstream suburb of Lyndiane, while Salt pans across the Saloum river constitute the city’s only other major industrial activity
Among Kaolack's many neighborhoods are:
*Lewna (Léona in French), which includes much of the city center. It includes Lewna Ñaseen (Léona Niassène in French), the headquarters of the branch of the Tijānī Islamic order founded in 1910 by
Allaaji Abdulaay Ñasafter his exile in Gambia.
*Jaleñ (Dialègne in French), between Lewna Ñaseen and Medina Mbàbba.
*Medina Mbàbba (Médina Mbaba in French), also called "Medina I", named after Baabakar Njaay, nicknamed "Mbàbba Njaay," who was the
Sererchief of the village when it was incorporated into Kaolack.
*Medina Baay (Médina Baye in French), also called "Medina II", on the northeast edge of the city. It is the center of the Ibrāhīmiiya branch of the Tijānī order founded in 1930 by Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas's son, Ibrayima Ñas, known to his followers as "Baay" ("Father" in Wolof). The name in Arabic means "The City of Baay."
*Saam (Sam in French), west of Medina Baay in the north of Kaolack, also founded by Ibrayima Ñas. Saam was originally designated as the fields and orchards of Ibrayima Ñas's disciples, but since the 1970s the trees have been replaced by houses.
*Ndoorong (Ndorong in French), west of Saam, founded by Bashiru Mbàkke and his Murid disciples.
*Coofog (Thiofoke in French), north of Saam, which existed before Kaolack as a
Serervillage ruled by the Gelwaardynasty.
* [http://lafrique.com/afrique/articles/14/ Photos of Kaolack]
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Kaolack — es la capital de la región Kaolack en Senegal. Su población es de 150.961 habitantes (1988) y es el centro administratico y comercial de la región. Kaolack es un puerto sobre el río Saloum en donde se comercia con maní, pieles, cervezas y pesca.… … Wikipedia Español
Kaolack — es la capital de la región Kaolack en Senegal. Su población es de 150.961 habitantes (1988) y es el centro administratico y comercial de la región. Kaolack es un puerto sobre el río Saloum en donde se comercia con maní, pieles, cervezas y pesca.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Kaolack — [kaɔ lak], Stadt in Südwestsenegal, am Saloum, dessen 80 km langes Ästuar bei Kaolack beginnt, 179 900 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz der Region Kaolack; katholischer Bischofssitz; Handelszentrum für Erdnüsse mit Lagerhallen und Ölmühle;… … Universal-Lexikon
Kaolack — v. du Sénégal, port sur le Saloum; 157 000 hab.; ch. l. de la rég. du m. nom. Centrale thermique. Aérodrome. Exportation d arachides; huileries. Salines … Encyclopédie Universelle
Kaolack — 14°10′0″N 16°05′0″O / 14.16667, 16.08333 … Wikipédia en Français
Kaolack — 14.15 16.07036 Koordinaten: 14° 9′ N, 16° 4′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kaolack — Original name in latin Kaolack Name in other language KLC, Kaolac, Kaolack, Kaolak State code SN Continent/City Africa/Dakar longitude 14.1825 latitude 16.25333 altitude 1 Population 172305 Date 2012 02 24 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kaolack — 1 Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Kaolack Country and Admin Code SN.10 SN 2 Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Kaolack Country and Admin Code SN.10.2250807 SN … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Kaolack — /kah oh lak, kow lak/, n. a city in W Senegal. 96,000. Also, Kaolak. * * * ▪ Senegal town, west central Senegal. It lies on the right bank of the Saloum River, 95 miles (150 km) southeast of Dakar. An ocean and river port with an important… … Universalium
Kaolack — Ka•o•lack or Ka•o•lak [[t]ˈkɑ oʊˌlæk, ˈkaʊ læk[/t]] n. geg a city in W Senegal. 132,000 … From formal English to slang