Svishtov ( _bg. Свищов, known as Ziştovi during Ottoman rule) is a town in northern Bulgaria, located in
Veliko Tarnovo Provinceon the right bank of the Danube.The city is the third largest in Veliko Tarnovo Provinceafter the towns of Veliko Tarnovoand Gorna Oryahovitsa.The town is also the administrative centre of Svishtov Municipality.
Svishtov is situated in northern central
Bulgariaon the banks of the Danuberiver.This is the most southern place on the banks of the Danube river and the most southern harbour on the Danube in Bulgaria.The distance between the town of Svishtov and Sofiais 237 kilometers, 80 kilometers to Plevenand 90 km to Rousse.
Svishtov is identified with the Roman colony "Novae" mentioned by
Ptolemy. It served as a base of operations for Roman campaigns against Barbarian tribes, last time during Maurice’s Balkan campaigns. For a short time the place was The Main City for the Ostrogoths of Teodoric The Great.Theodoric occupied Singidunum (Belgrade) in 471 and, after plundering Macedonia and Greece, settled in Novae (the modern Svishtov), on the lower Danube, in 483, where he remained till he transferred the sphere of his activities to Italy ten years later.
It was destroyed some time after 613, as shown by coin founds minted up to this date. The exact site appears to have been Staklen, to the west of the present town, which has gradually moved eastward since the 16th century, when it was almost destroyed in the Turkish wars.
It was at Svishtov that the peace of 1790 was signed, by which the Austrian-Turkish boundary was determined. The town was burned in 1810 by the Russians; but after 1820 it began to revive, and the introduction of steam traffic on the lower Danube (1835) restored its prosperity. The
Romanian town of Alexandria was founded by fugitives from Svishtov after the Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829.
Svishtov is known as the first town to be liberated during the
Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78, since the largest part of the Imperial Russian Army forced the Danube nearby. Svishtov Covein Livingston Islandin the South Shetland Islands, Antarcticais named for Svishtov.
The current name of Svishtov derives from the world Sistova as it is mentioned in the treaty after the
Austro-Turkish Warin 1791.Sistova comes into use instead of the turkish word Zigit.During the Ottoman rule of Bulgariathe town is known as Ziştovi and in romanian as Şiştova.It is also said that the name of the town comes from the old Bulgarian word Sveshnii (from the Bulgarian word svesht meaning candle) because in the past there was something like a lighthouse(candle) showing the way for the ships at night.
The main religion in Svishtov is
Orthodox Christianity.There is also a small group of Roman Catholicsthat have migrated from the surrounding villages which are predominantly Catholiclikethe villages of Oresh, Dragomirovoand the town of Belene.
The mayor of Svishtov Municipality is Stanislav Blagoev, he is in his third mandate and is chosen from the list of the coalition "For Svishtov" that includes SSD,SDS,BZNS and Lider.
Harbour, Electronics, chemical industry, agriculture:wheat
Landmarks and Interesting places
One of the most beautiful places around the town of Svishtov is the unique river valley(1-2 km away from the town) with the monastery of Svishtov ,the region called "Pametnistsite"(The Monuments) on the banks of the
Danubeand the park around the old fortress in the centre of the town.The House-museum of the Bulgarian novelist Aleko Konstantinovis one of the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.
* [http://www.svishtov.bg/ Official website]
* [http://www.guide-bulgaria.com/NC/Veliko_Turnovo/Svishtov Guide to municipality Svishtov - cites and villages]
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Svishtov — Swischtow (Свищов) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Svishtov — ▪ Bulgaria also spelled Svištov town, northern Bulgaria, on the terraced bank of the Danube River. Svishtov is one of the largest Bulgarian Danube ports and is a cultural centre. The Romans built on a strategic site near the town in the… … Universalium
Svishtov — Original name in latin Svishtov Name in other language Novae, Novensis Moesia Civitas, Sistov, Sistova, Staklen, Steklen, Sveyestov, Svisclov, Svishhov, Svishtov, Svislova, Svistov, Svilova, Svitov, Swischtow, Свищов State code BG Continent/City… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Svishtov — Svichtov Pour les articles homonymes, voir Svichtov (homonymie). Svichtov Свищов … Wikipédia en Français
Svishtov — Sp Svištòvas Ap Свищов/Svishtov L Š Bulgarija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Svishtov Cove — (Svishtovski Zaliv svi shtov ski za liv) is a 2 km wide cove indenting for 1.5 km the NW extremity of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Entered between Essex Point and Start Point.LocationThe cove is located at… … Wikipedia
Church of the Holy Trinity, Svishtov — Coordinates: 43°36′59″N 25°21′4″E / 43.61639°N 25.35111°E / 43.61639; 25.35111 … Wikipedia
Akademik Svishtov — Football club infobox clubname = Akademik Svishtov fullname = PFC Akademik Svishtov nickname = founded = 1949 ground = Stadium Akademik capacity = 14,500 chairman = Valentin Mihov manager = Stojcho Stojev league = Bulgarian North West V AFG… … Wikipedia
Traité de Svishtov — Traité de Sistova Le traité de Sistova, encore appelé traité de Svichtov ou traité de Svishtov, est un traité de paix signé entre l Autriche et l empire ottoman en 1791. Il met fin à la guerre austro turque de 1788 1791. La guerre austro turque… … Wikipédia en Français
Obshtina Svishtov — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Obshtina Svishtov Country and Admin Code BG.62.VTR28 BG … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II