USS Belle (1864)

USS Belle (1864)

USS "Belle" (1864) was a steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War.

She was used by the Union Navy for various tasks, including those of a torpedo boat.

Built in Philadelphia in 1864

"Belle" -- a screw tug completed at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in 1864 -- operated briefly at Boston, Massachusetts, before she was purchased there by the Union Navy on 2 June 1864. Commissioned in the next day or so, the tug headed south on 8 June to join the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Civil War operations

With her torpedo at the ready, "Belle" assigned to wait for "CSS Albemarle"

The Norfolk Navy Yard refitted "Belle" to serve as a torpedo boat so that she might help defend larger Union warships in the North Carolina Sounds against attacks by the Confederate ironclad ram "CSS Albemarle" that, the previous spring, had emerged from the Roanoke River and defeated a Union flotilla.

Ready by late July, "Belle" and three other tugs were towed to Hatteras Inlet by the sidewheel steamer "Nansemond", entered the sounds, and proceeded under their own power to the mouth of the Roanoke River. There, "Belle" performed picket duty, ready to sound the alarm should "Albemarle" reappear and then to attempt to torpedo the Southern ram. She continued this duty until Lt. William B. Cushing sank "Albemarle" in a daring attack on the night of 27 -28 October 1864.

This victory cleared the way for a Union effort to retake Plymouth, North Carolina, on the last day of October 1864. "Belle", by then commanded by Acting Master James G. Green, took part in the operation lashed to the port and unengaged side of "Otsego" so that she might keep her partner in motion should that double-ender’s engines be disabled.

The Northern warships entered the Roanoke River from Middle River above Plymouth and headed downstream toward the Confederate defensive works. About half an hour before noon, they opened fire; and, after almost an hour of bitter fighting, the Southern troops withdrew leaving the Union forces in control of the area.

Accompanying "Albemarle" to Norfolk, Virginia

Following that action, "Belle" remained in the sounds until after the collapse of the Confederacy the following spring. On 10 April 1865, the day after General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia,, she had the satisfaction of accompanying the raised "Albemarle" to Hatteras Inlet as her former foe began her voyage to Norfolk, Virginia.

Post-war decommissioning, sale, and civilian career

Late in May 1865, "Belle" left North Carolina waters and headed for New York City where she was sold at auction on 12 July 1865 to Cozzens and Co. Re-documented on 9 September 1865, the ship operated in private hands until abandoned in 1891.

References

See also

* United States Navy
* American Civil War

External links

* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b4/belle-i.htm USS Belle]


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