Spain in the Middle Ages


Spain in the Middle Ages
History of Spain
Coat of Arms of Spain
This article is part of a series
Early History
Prehistoric Iberia
Roman Hispania
Medieval Spain
Visigothic Kingdom
Kingdom of Asturias
Suebic Kingdom
Byzantine Spania
Al-Andalus
Reconquista
Kingdom of Spain
Age of Expansion
Age of Enlightenment
Republic
Reaction and Revolution
First Spanish Republic
The Restoration
Second Spanish Republic
Under Franco
Spanish Civil War
Francoist Spain
Modern Spain
Transition to Democracy
Modern Spain
Topics
Economic History
Military History

Spain Portal
v · d · e

After the disorders of the passage of the Vandals and Alans down the Mediterranean coast of Hispania from 408, the history of Medieval Spain begins with the Iberian kingdom of the Arianist Visigoths (507–711), who were converted to Catholicism with their king Reccared in 587. Visigothic culture in Spain can be seen as a phenomenon of Late Antiquity as much as part of the Age of Migrations. The Moorish conquest, completed in the decade after 711, reasserts Roman patterns of hegemony, in contrast to the Visigothic period which forms a more decisive cultural break with the Roman past. The Arabs, for example, re-located their capital to Cordoba, and their focus to the south and south-east part of the peninsula, away from the Visigothic capital of Toledo.

The Middle Ages in Spain are often said to end in 1492 with the final acts of the Reconquista in the capitulation of the Nasrid Emirate of Granada and the Alhambra decree ordering the expulsion of the Jews. Early Modern Spain was first united as an institution in the reign of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor as Charles I of Spain.

Contents

Early medieval Spain

Historical developments may be pursued by region:

Cultural developments can also be followed in the careers of the major Visigothic kings:

The broadest cultural divisions in Hispania during the medieval period are between Islamic and Christian societies.

Medieval Islamic Spain

For specific medieval Muslim dynasties, see:

  • Umayyad Dynasty in Spain:
    • Umayyad Emirate of Cordoba, 756–912 (929)
    • Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba, 929–1031
      • Abd ar-Rahman III, as caliph, 929–61
      • Al-Hakam II, 961–76
      • Hisham II, 976–1008
      • Mohammed II, 1008–09
      • Suleiman, 1009–10
      • Hisham II, restored, 1010–12
      • Suleiman, restored, 1012–17
      • Abd ar-Rahman IV, 1021–22
      • Abd ar-Rahman V, 1022–23
      • Muhammad III, 1023–24
      • Hisham III, 1027–31

Medieval Christian Spain

An organizing principle of medieval Spain was the Reconquista, by which territories that had once been Christian and Visigothic were recaptured and Christianized; the outstanding figure in the cultural imagination was the mythologized El Cid. For Medieval Northern (Christian) Spain see individual kingdoms and polities:

Medieval Spanish culture

In the post-Roman period prior to 711, the history of the Spanish language began with Old Spanish; the other Latin-derived Hispanic languages with a considerable body of literature are Catalan, and to a lesser degree Valencian. Asturian Medieval Spanish, Galician and Basque languages were primarily oral.

Main Spanish cities in the Middle Ages

Medieval Spain was as much as a network of cities, which were cultural and administrative centers, the seats of bishops and sometimes kings, with markets and housing expanding from a central fortified stronghold. Medieval Spanish history can also be followed through its major cities:

and at the great shrine of Santiago de Compostela.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • THE MIDDLE AGES — …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Outline of the Middle Ages — See also: Timeline of the Middle Ages The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Middle Ages: Middle Ages – periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jews in the Middle Ages — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Horses in the Middle Ages — This 15th century depiction of Charlemagne and Pope Adrian I shows a well bred medieval horse …   Wikipedia

  • Science in the Middle Ages — Science, and particularly geometry and astronomy, was linked directly to the divine for most medieval scholars. Since God created the universe after geometric and harmonic principles, to seek these principles was therefore to seek and worship God …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the Middle Ages — For earlier events, see Timeline of ancient history. Note: All dates are Common Era. Milliennia: 1st millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th the medieval times were from 400–1400 Contents …   Wikipedia

  • France in the Middle Ages — Kingdom of France Royaume de France ←   …   Wikipedia

  • Cannon in the Middle Ages — were large tubular firearms designed to fire a heavy projectile over a long distance. They were used in China, Europe and the Middle East during the period, and became an important type of artillery.Although gunpowder was known in Europe during… …   Wikipedia

  • Italy in the Middle Ages — History of Italy This article is part of a series Ancient history …   Wikipedia

  • Serbia in the Middle Ages — Тhe medieval history of Serbia begins in the 5th century AD with the Slavic invasion of the Balkans, and lasts until the Ottoman occupation of 1540. Contents 1 Early Middle Ages 1.1 Slavic invasion 1.2 First Serbian Principality …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.