- Joe Redington
Joe Redington, Senior (
February 1, 1917– June 12, 1999) was an American dog musher and kennelowner, who is best known as the "Father of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race", which runs 1,049 miles¹ across the U.S. stateof Alaska.
Redington was born in
Kingfisher, Oklahomaon February 1, 1917and lived there until he was six years old. His mother left him shortly after his birth, and he grew up with his father and his brothers James and Ray. Joe Redington's father was a laborer who worked was a rancher, on the oil fields, and even traveled with Irish Gypsies for two years. Because of this, Joe went to school in many different places. He attended school in Spearman, Texas, Fairberry, Nebraska, Aurora, South Dakota, and Geary, Oklahoma. After living in Jersey City, New Jerseyfor one year, they settled on a farm in Kintnersville, Pennsylvaniain 1930.
In 1940, Redington enlisted in the
United States Army, and joined the 6th Field Artillery at Fort Hoyle, Maryland. He was later transferred to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where he became part of the infantry, and was trained in the Field Artillery Jump School. He was assigned to the Pacific Theatreduring World War II, and was part of the Special Assault Troops. He was discharged from Fort Dix, New Jerseyafter the war and returned to Pennsylvania.
In 1948, Redington moved to
Knik River, Alaska, where he filed a Homestead Actclaim along the Iditarod Trailin Knik, and started the Knik Kennels. The trail was overgrown, and he learned of Alaska's history of dog mushing from local " sourdoughs".
His military experience helped him get a contract with the United States Air Force's 5039th Maintenance and Supply Group, or "Rescue and Reclaimation". From 1949 to 1957 with teams of large huskies, he helped recover
aircraftand personnel from crash sites, until they were replaced by helicopters.
February 18, 1953he married Violet Redington, and they moved to a new homestead on Flat Horn Lake, Alaskaand worked from 1954 to 1958 as huntingguides along the Iditarod trail. He and his wife also helped clear the overgrown trail, and lobbied to make it a National Historic Trail.
Dorothy Page, the future "Mother of the Iditarod", at the Willow Winter Carnival in 1966. She wanted to sponsor a dog sled race to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the purchase of Alaskafrom Russia, but had been unable to get the support of an experienced musher. Redington in revitalizing dog sledding, which was on the verge of vanishing. In his own words, "When I visited Interior villages in the fifties, every household had five or six dogs. They were the only transportation. But by the late 1960s, village dogs were almost gone."²
Redington agreed to help if a purse of USD $25,000 would be split among the winners. According to Redington, "I wanted the biggest dog race in Alaska... and the best way to do that was to offer the biggest purse".³
The Redingtons returned to Knik in, and the money was raised. In February of 1967, 58 dog mushers competed in two heats along a 25-mile (40 km) stretch of the old Iditarod Trail between Wasilla and Knik. The race was modeled after the 1908 to 1918
All-Alaska Sweepstakes(AAS) of Nome, and was named the Iditarod Trail Seppala Memorial Race, after the three-time champion Leonhard Seppala. The 1968 race was canceled due to lack of snow, and with a purse of just $1,000, only 12 mushers participated in the second event in 1969.
While initially a success, enthusiasm had waned. Redington wanted to expand the race, from Knik to the historic
gold rushtown of Iditarod, but changed it to the more-recognizable Nome, more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) away. In 1969 he promised there would be a purse of $50,000.
Despite widespread skepticism, the trail was cleared and a total of $51,325 was raised. In 1973,
Dick Wilmarthand his lead sled dogRed Devil beat a pack of 34 mushers who competed in the race to Nome. Negative publicity caused by the death of several dogs during the race reduced the purse to only $34,000 in 1974, but the event still attracted a field of 44 mushers. In 1975, the race instituted stronger dog care requirements, and a corporate sponsor raised the purse back to $50,000. Despite more negative publicity and funding problems in 1976, the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race has since grown into the premiere sporting event in the state, and the largest dog sled race in the world.
This popularity also caused dog mushing to revive in the 1970s as a recreational sport. Partly due to Redington's efforts, the Iditarod was designated one of the first four National Historic Trails in 1978, and the first official trail marker was put up outside his home in 1980.
Redington became known as the "Father of the Iditarod" for his work promoting the race, and personally competed in seventeen Iditarods from 1974 to 1997, but never placed higher than fifth. He was the honorary musher in the 1997 race, as he was 80 years old when he completed the race.
Redington died in
June 24, 1999from cancer, and was buried in his favorite dog sledin Wasilla, Alaska. A memorial with a life-size bronze statue was unveiled nearby at the Iditarod Trail Committee Headquarters, on February 1, 2003.
1 "1,049" is a symbolic number, representing Alaska's status as the 49th state. The actual length varies, but is always over 1,000 miles (1,600 km).
2 Sherwonit (1991, pages 45–46).
3 Sherwonit (1991, page 47).
* Iditarod Trail Committee. [http://www.iditarod.com/geninfo/joestatue.php Joe Redington Memorial] . Retrieved
March 11, 2005.
* Dorothy G. Page (1974/2000). [http://www.iditarod.com/geninfo/joesr.php Joe Redington, Sr. (Father of Iditarod)] . Retrieved
March 11, 2005.
* Bill Sherwonit (1991). "Iditarod: The Great Race to Nome." ISBN 0-88240-411-3.
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